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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 1 | Pages 36 - 42
1 Jan 2014
Liebs T Nasser L Herzberg W Rüther W Hassenpflug J

Several factors have been implicated in unsatisfactory results after total hip replacement (THR). We examined whether femoral offset, as measured on digitised post-operative radiographs, was associated with pain after THR. The routine post-operative radiographs of 362 patients (230 women and 132 men, mean age 70.0 years (35.2 to 90.5)) who received primary unilateral THRs of varying designs were measured after calibration. The femoral offset was calculated using the known dimensions of the implants to control for femoral rotation. Femoral offset was categorised into three groups: normal offset (within 5 mm of the height-adjusted femoral offset), low offset and high offset. We determined the associations to the absolute final score and the improvement in the mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) pain subscale scores at three, six, 12 and 24 months, adjusting for confounding variables.

The amount of femoral offset was associated with the mean WOMAC pain subscale score at all points of follow-up, with the low-offset group reporting less WOMAC pain than the normal or high-offset groups (six months: 7.01 (sd 11.69) vs 12.26 (sd 15.10) vs 13.10 (sd 16.20), p = 0.006; 12 months: 6.55 (sd 11.09) vs 9.73 (sd 13.76) vs 13.46 (sd 18.39), p = 0.010; 24 months: 5.84 (sd 10.23) vs 9.60 (sd 14.43) vs 13.12 (sd 17.43), p = 0.004). When adjusting for confounding variables, including age and gender, the greatest improvement was seen in the low-offset group, with the normal-offset group demonstrating more improvement than the high-offset group.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:36–42.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 4 | Pages 472 - 477
1 Apr 2013
Liebs T Kloos S Herzberg W Rüther W Hassenpflug J

We investigated whether an asymmetric extension gap seen on routine post-operative radiographs after primary total knee replacement (TKR) is associated with pain at three, six, 12 and 24 months’ follow-up. On radiographs of 277 patients after primary TKR we measured the distance between the tibial tray and the femoral condyle on both the medial and lateral sides. A difference was defined as an asymmetric extension gap. We considered three groups (no asymmetric gap, medial-opening and lateral-opening gap) and calculated the associations with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index pain scores over time.

Those with an asymmetric extension gap of ≥ 1.5 mm had a significant association with pain scores at three months’ follow-up; patients with a medial-opening extension gap reported more pain and patients with a lateral-opening extension gap reported less pain (p = 0.036). This effect was still significant at six months (p = 0.044), but had lost significance by 12 months (p = 0.924). When adjusting for multiple cofounders the improvement in pain was more pronounced in patients with a lateral-opening extension gap than in those with a medial-opening extension gap at three (p = 0.037) and six months’ (p = 0.027) follow-up.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:472–7.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 2 | Pages 239 - 243
1 Feb 2013
Liebs T Herzberg W Gluth J Rüther W Haasters J Russlies M Hassenpflug J

Although the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index was originally developed for the assessment of non-operative treatment, it is commonly used to evaluate patients undergoing either total hip (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR). We assessed the importance of the 17 WOMAC function items from the perspective of 1198 patients who underwent either THR (n = 704) or TKR (n = 494) in order to develop joint-specific short forms. After these patients were administered the WOMAC pre-operatively and at three, six, 12 and 24 months’ follow-up, they were asked to nominate an item of the function scale that was most important to them. The items chosen were significantly different between patients undergoing THR and those undergoing TKR (p < 0.001), and there was a shift in the priorities after surgery in both groups. Setting a threshold for prioritised items of ≥ 5% across all follow-up, eight items were selected for THR and seven for TKR, of which six items were common to both. The items comprising specific WOMAC-THR and TKR function short forms were found to be equally responsive compared with the original WOMAC function form.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:239–43.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 1 | Pages 104 - 106
1 Jan 2006
Falliner A Schwinzer D Hahne H Hedderich J Hassenpflug J

In a prospective study, 232 neonates were examined sonographically using the methods of Graf and Terjesen. In order to determine the reproducibility of the methods, 50 hips were evaluated by two skilled examiners. In an inter-observer study, five physicians and five medical students evaluated 24 images, which were evaluated on ten occasions at two-weekly intervals by one of the authors. Statistical evaluation used the Bland-Altman approach.

The neonates (110 females, 122 males) were less than four days old. The mean α angle was 62.4° and mean femoral head cover was 55.4%. According to Graf’s method, 1.3% of hips were pathological, compared with 4.1% according to Terjesen. Spearman’s correlation coefficient between femoral head cover and α angles was 0.552. The Bland-Altman approach shows greater variation for femoral head cover than for α, if measured by experienced examiners. The Bland-Altman approach shows almost equal reproducibility for α and femoral head cover in the inter-observer test, but better repeatability for α in the intra-observer test.

The Graf results relate better than Terjesen’s to the well-known frequency of 1% to 2% hip dysplasia in the European population. Kappa statistics indicate a fair agreement between the two methods. Inter-observer evaluation shows an equal reproducibility of both methods, whereas intra-observer tests reveal better repeatability with Graf’s method.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 7 | Pages 969 - 974
1 Sep 2003
Drescher W Fürst M Hahne HJ Helfenstein A Petersen W Hassenpflug J

The treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (FHN) is controversial. It mainly occurs in young patients in whom total hip replacement is best avoided because of an increased risk of revision. The objective of this long-term follow-up study was to evaluate the outcome of intertrochanteric flexion osteotomy as a hip joint preserving operation for FHN.

Over a 19-year period we carried out 70 intertrochanteric flexion osteotomies for FHN in 64 patients. The mean follow-up was 10.4 years (3.0 to 20.3). The overall mean Harris hip score increased from 51 points preoperatively to 71 points postoperatively. Six patients (9%) developed early postoperative complications. A total of 19 hips (27%) underwent total hip arthroplasty at a mean of 8.7 years after osteotomy. The five-year survival rate was 90%. Survival rates of hips in Ficat stage 2 were higher than those in stages 3 or 4. Hips with a preoperative necrotic angle of < 200° had a better survival probability than those with a necrotic angle > 200°. Our findings suggest that flexion osteotomy is a safe and effective procedure in Ficat stage 2 and 3 FHN, preferably with a necrotic angle of < 200°.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 3 | Pages 426 - 432
1 Apr 2000
Plötz GMJ Brossmann J Schünke M Heller M Kurz B Hassenpflug J

We studied the sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance arthrography (MRa) for the diagnosis of lesions of the acetabular labrum in 20 cadaver hips. The MRa results were compared with macroscopic and histological findings.

We found that the labrum could be satisfactorily delineated by MRa and that large detachments could be identified satisfactorily. The diagnosis of small detachments and degeneration of the labrum was less reliable.