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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1050 - 1057
1 Sep 2019
Lampropoulou-Adamidou K Hartofilakidis G


To our knowledge, no study has compared the long-term results of cemented and hybrid total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) secondary to congenital hip disease (CHD). This is a demanding procedure that may require special techniques and implants. Our aim was to compare the long-term outcome of cemented low-friction arthroplasty (LFA) and hybrid THA performed by one surgeon.

Patients and Methods

Between January 1989 and December 1997, 58 hips (44 patients; one man, 43 woman; mean age 56.6 years (25 to 77)) with OA secondary to CHD were treated with a cemented Charnley LFA (group A), and 55 hips (39 patients; two men, 37 women; mean age 49.1 years (27 to 70)) were treated with a hybrid THA (group B), by the senior author (GH). The clinical outcome and survivorship were compared.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1052 - 1056
1 Aug 2013
Lampropoulou-Adamidou K Georgiades G Vlamis J Hartofilakidis G

We evaluated the outcome of 41 consecutive Charnley low-friction arthroplasties (LFAs) performed by a single surgeon in 28 patients aged ≤ 35 years at operation between 23 and 36 years previously. There were 20 women and eight men with a mean age of 32 years (23 to 35) at surgery. Two patients (three hips) were lost to follow-up at 12 and 17 years post-operatively, respectively, and one patient (one hip) died at 13 years post-operatively. These patients were excluded from the final evaluation. The survival rate of the acetabular components was 92.7% (95% confidence interval (CI) 88.7 to 96.7) at ten years, 67.1% (95% CI 59.75 to 74.45) at 20 years and 53.2% (95% CI 45.3 to 61.1) at 25 years. For the femoral component the survival was 95.1% (95% CI 91.8 to 98.5) at ten years, 77.1% (95% CI 73.9 to 80.3) at 20 years and 68.2% (95% CI 60.7 to 75.8) at 25 years. The results indicate that the Charnley LFA remains a reasonable choice in the treatment of young patients and can serve for comparison with newer techniques and implants.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1052–6.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 7 | Pages 887 - 892
1 Jul 2013
Karachalios T Roidis N Lampropoulou-Adamidou K Hartofilakidis G

We report the results at a mean of 24.3 years (20 to 32) of 61 previously reported consecutive total hip replacements carried out on 44 patients with severe congenital hip disease, performed with reconstruction of the acetabulum with an impaction grafting technique known as cotyloplasty. The mean age of the patients at operation was 46.7 years (23 to 68) and all were women. The patients were followed post-operatively for a mean of 24.3 years (20 to 32), using the Merle d’Aubigné and Postel scoring system as modified by Charnley, and with serial radiographs. At the time of the latest follow-up, 28 acetabular components had been revised because of aseptic loosening at a mean of 15.9 years (6 to 26), and one at 40 days after surgery because of repeated dislocations. The overall survival rate for aseptic failure of the acetabular component at ten years was 93.1% (95% confidence interval (CI) 86.5 to 96.7) when 53 hips were at risk, and at 23 years was 56.1% (95% CI 49.4 to 62.8), when 22 hips remained at risk. These long-term results are considered satisfactory for the reconstruction of an acetabulum presenting with inadequate bone stock and circumferential segmental defects.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:887–92.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 5 | Pages 601 - 607
1 May 2011
Hartofilakidis G Babis GC Georgiades G Kourlaba G

We studied the effect of trochanteric osteotomy in 192 total hip replacements in 140 patients with congenital hip disease. There was bony union in 158 hips (82%), fibrous union in 29 (15%) and nonunion in five (3%). The rate of union had a statistically significant relationship with the position of reattachment of the trochanter, which depended greatly on the pre-operative diagnosis. The pre-operative Trendelenburg gait substantially improved in all three disease types (dysplasia, low and high dislocation) and all four categories of reattachment position. A persistent Trendelenburg gait post-operatively was noticed mostly in patients with defective union (fibrous or nonunion). Acetabular and femoral loosening had a statistically significant relationship with defective union and the position of reattachment of the trochanter.

These results suggest that the complications of trochanteric osteotomy in total hip replacement for patients with congenital hip disease are less important than the benefits of this surgical approach.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 5 | Pages 580 - 586
1 May 2011
Hartofilakidis G Bardakos NV Babis GC Georgiades G

We retrospectively examined the long-term outcome of 96 asymptomatic hips in 96 patients with a mean age of 49.3 years (16 to 65) who had radiological evidence of femoroacetabular impingement. When surveillance commenced there were 17, 34, and 45 hips with cam, pincer, and mixed impingement, respectively. Overall, 79 hips (82.3%) remained free of osteoarthritis for a mean of 18.5 years (10 to 40). In contrast, 17 hips (17.7%) developed osteoarthritis at a mean of 12 years (2 to 28). No statistically significant difference was found in the rates of development of osteoarthritis among the three groups (p = 0.43). Regression analysis showed that only the presence of idiopathic osteoarthritis of the contralateral diseased hip was predictive of development of osteoarthritis on the asymptomatic side (p = 0.039).

We conclude that a substantial proportion of hips with femoroacetabular impingement may not develop osteoarthritis in the long-term. Accordingly, in the absence of symptoms, prophylactic surgical treatment is not warranted.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 7 | Pages 914 - 921
1 Jul 2010
Karachalios T Hartofilakidis G

This paper reviews the current knowledge relating to the management of adult patients with congenital hip disease. Orthopaedic surgeons who treat these patients with a total hip replacement should be familiar with the arguments concerning its terminology, be able to recognise the different anatomical abnormalities and to undertake thorough pre-operative planning in order to replace the hip using an appropriate surgical technique and the correct implants and be able to anticipate the clinical outcome and the complications.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 6 | Pages 724 - 730
1 Jun 2008
Hartofilakidis G Georgiades G Babis GC Yiannakopoulos CK

We have evaluated the results of total hip replacement in patients with congenital hip disease using 46 cemented all-polyethylene Charnley acetabular components implanted with the cotyloplasty technique in 34 patients (group A), and compared them with 47 metal-backed cementless acetabular components implanted without bone grafting in 33 patients (group B). Patients in group A were treated between 1988 and 1993 and those in group B between 1990 and 1995. The mean follow-up for group A was 16.6 years (12 to 18) and the mean follow-up for group B was 13.4 years (10 to 16).

Revision for aseptic loosening was undertaken in 15 hips (32.6%) in group A and in four hips (8.5%) in group B. When liner exchange was included, a total of 13 hips were revised in group B (27.7%). The mean polyethylene wear was 0.11 mm/yr (0.002 to 0.43) and 0.107 mm/yr (0 to 0.62) for groups A and B, respectively. Polyethylene wear in group A was associated with linear osteolysis, and in group B with expansile osteolysis.

In patients with congenital hip disease, when 80% cover of the implant can be obtained, a cementless acetabular component appears to be acceptable and provides durable fixation. However, because of the type of osteolysis arising with these devices, early exchange of a worn liner is recommended before extensive bone loss makes revision surgery more complicated.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 5 | Pages 579 - 583
1 May 2008
Yiannakopoulos CK Chougle A Eskelinen A Hodgkinson JP Hartofilakidis G

Our study evaluated the reliability of the Crowe and Hartofilakidis classification systems for developmental dysplasia of the hip in adults. The anteroposterior radiographs of the pelvis of 145 patients with 209 osteoarthritic hips were examined twice by three experienced hip surgeons from three European countries and the abnormal hips were rated using both classifications. The inter- and intra-observer agreement was calculated.

Interobserver reliability was evaluated using weighted and unweighted kappa coefficients and for the Crowe classification, among the three pairs there was a minimum kappa coefficient with linear weighting of 0.90 for observers A and C and a maximum kappa coefficient of 0.92 for observers B and C. For the Hartofilakidis classification, the minimum kappa value was 0.85 for observers A and B, and the maximum value was 0.93 for observers B and C. With regard to intra-observer reliability, the kappa coefficients with linear weighting between the two evaluations of the same observer ranged between 0.86 and 0.95 for the Crowe classification and between 0.80 and 0.93 for the Hartofilakidis classification.

The reliability of both systems was substantial to almost perfect both for serial measurements by individual readers and between different readers, although the information offered was dissimilar.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 1 | Pages 48 - 53
1 Jan 1998
Ioannidis TT Zacharakis N Magnissalis EA Eliades G Hartofilakidis G

We report the long-term radiological results of 58 total hip arthroplasties (THA) using the Charnley offset-bore acetabular socket. Wear was measured at four sites and radiolucent lines and possible migration were recorded. Four cups were retrieved at revision and were examined using light microscopy, SEM and X-ray microanalysis.

At a mean follow-up of seven years the mean wear in the DeLee and Charnley zone I was 0.4 mm and in zone II 0.26 mm. The wear rate was 0.06 and 0.04 mm/year, respectively. Progression of radiolucent lines was seen in five cases (8.6%). Three sockets (5.2%) were revised because of aseptic migration at a mean follow-up of 9.8 years and one socket for infection at two years.

The offset-bore acetabular cup had excellent wear behaviour and a low migration and revision rate. We recommend that it should be considered in THA since the use of small cups is increasing, particularly in revision cases.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 3 | Pages 510 - 510
1 May 1997

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 2 | Pages 182 - 186
1 Mar 1988
Hartofilakidis G Stamos K Ioannidis T

We report the replacement of 42 hips in 34 adults with untreated congenital dislocation. We used Charnley low friction implants, cementing the cup at the level of the true acetabulum after deepening and enlarging it by our own technique of cotyloplasty. Results were evaluated in 38 hips after a mean of 5.5 years. All the patients showed marked improvement, with no infection and, as yet, no late revision. The technical difficulties of the operation and the complications are discussed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 57-B, Issue 3 | Pages 384 - 386
1 Aug 1975
Giannikas AC Papachristou G Papavasiliou N Nikiforidis P Hartofilakidis-Garofalidis G

The anatomy of the first metatarso-phalangealjoint and of dorsal dislocation of the phalanx are described. As with similar lesions in the hand, closed reduction is impossible because of interposition of the volar plate. Open reduction is essential and should be performed as soon as possible after the injury.