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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 7 | Pages 956 - 962
1 Jul 2014
Ahearn N Oppy A Halliday R Rowett-Harris J Morris SA Chesser TJ Livingstone JA

Unstable bicondylar tibial plateau fractures are rare and there is little guidance in the literature as to the best form of treatment. We examined the short- to medium-term outcome of this injury in a consecutive series of patients presenting to two trauma centres. Between December 2005 and May 2010, a total of 55 fractures in 54 patients were treated by fixation, 34 with peri-articular locking plates and 21 with limited access direct internal fixation in combination with circular external fixation using a Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF). At a minimum of one year post-operatively, patient-reported outcome measures including the WOMAC index and SF-36 scores showed functional deficits, although there was no significant difference between the two forms of treatment. Despite low outcome scores, patients were generally satisfied with the outcome. We achieved good clinical and radiological outcomes, with low rates of complication. In total, only three patients (5%) had collapse of the joint of > 4 mm, and metaphysis to diaphysis angulation of greater than 5º, and five patients (9%) with displacement of > 4 mm. All patients in our study went on to achieve full union.

This study highlights the serious nature of this injury and generally poor patient-reported outcome measures following surgery, despite treatment by experienced surgeons using modern surgical techniques. Our findings suggest that treatment of complex bicondylar tibial plateau fractures with either a locking plate or a TSF gives similar clinical and radiological outcomes.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:956–62.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 4 | Pages 567 - 570
1 Jul 1992
Harris J Yeakley J

We reviewed the magnetic resonance (MR) images of eight adults with acute hyperextension-dislocation of the cervical spine. The images were obtained to evaluate damage to the spinal cord. All eight patients had disruption of the anterior longitudinal ligament and of the annulus of the intervertebral disc, and separation of the posterior longitudinal ligament from the subjacent vertebra. Some, but not all, showed widening of the disc space, posterior bulging or herniation of the nucleus pulposus, and disruption of the ligamentum flavum. The MR demonstration of these ligament injuries, taken with the clinical and radiographic findings, establishes the mechanism of hyperextension-dislocation, confirms the diagnosis, and is relevant to management.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 2 | Pages 261 - 266
1 Mar 1988
Jefferson R Weisz I Turner-Smith A Harris J Houghton G

Thirty-four patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were assessed by radiography and the integrated shape imaging system (ISIS) both before and after spinal surgery. Twenty-seven patients underwent Harrington instrumentation, after which lateral indices of curvature were significantly improved, but changes in the transverse plane were less pronounced. Sublaminar wiring was carried out in two patients whose thoracic lordosis was corrected by the surgery. Five patients whose severe deformity had persisted after previous spinal surgery underwent costoplasty, which resulted in a significant improvement in back shape measurements. We conclude that the cosmetic deformity of the back in scoliosis is only partially corrected by operations on the spine itself, whilst costoplasty addresses the problem directly, and improves the surface shape.