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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 106-B, Issue 3 Supple A | Pages 67 - 73
1 Mar 2024
Laboudie P Hallé A Anract P Hamadouche M


The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the incidence of early periprosthetic femoral fracture (PFF) associated with Charnley-Kerboull (CK) femoral components cemented according to the ‘French paradox’ principles through the Hueter anterior approach (HAA) in patients older than 70 years.


From a prospectively collected database, all short CK femoral components implanted consecutively from January 2018 to May 2022 through the HAA in patients older than 70 years were included. Exclusion criteria were age below 70 years, use of cementless femoral component, and approaches other than the HAA. A total of 416 short CK prostheses used by 25 surgeons with various levels of experience were included. All patients had a minimum of one-year follow-up, with a mean of 2.6 years (SD 1.1). The mean age was 77.4 years (70 to 95) and the mean BMI was 25.3 kg/m2 (18.4 to 43). Femoral anatomy was classified according to Dorr. The measured parameters included canal flare index, morphological cortical index, canal-calcar ratio, ilium-ischial ratio, and anterior superior iliac spine to greater trochanter (GT) distance.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 6 | Pages 725 - 732
1 Jun 2018
Gibon E Barut N Courpied J Hamadouche M


The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the minimum five-year outcome of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the Kerboull acetabular reinforcement device (KARD) in patients with Paprosky type III acetabular defects and destruction of the inferior margin of the acetabulum.

Patients and Methods

We identified 36 patients (37 hips) who underwent revision THA under these circumstances using the KARD, fresh frozen allograft femoral heads, and reconstruction of the inferior margin of the acetabulum. The Merle d’Aubigné system was used for clinical assessment. Serial anteroposterior pelvic radiographs were used to assess migration of the acetabular component.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 2 | Pages 166 - 172
1 Feb 2016
Langlois J Hamadouche M

Previous standards for assessing the reliability of a measurement tool have lacked consistency. We reviewed the most current American Society for Testing and Materials and International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) recommendations, and propose an algorithm for orthopaedic surgeons. When assessing a measurement tool, conditions of the experimental set-up and clear formulae used to compile the results should be strictly reported. According to these recent guidelines, accuracy is a confusing word with an overly broad meaning and should therefore be abandoned. Depending on the experimental conditions, one should be referring to bias (when the study protocol involves accepted reference values), and repeatability (sr, r) or reproducibility (SR, R). In the absence of accepted reference values, only repeatability (sr, r) or reproducibility (SR, R) should be provided.

Take home message: Assessing the reliability of a measurement tool involves reporting bias, repeatability and/or reproducibility depending on the defined conditions, instead of precision or accuracy.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B2:166–72.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1458 - 1462
1 Nov 2015
Langlois J Atlan F Scemama C Courpied JP Hamadouche M

Most published randomised controlled trials which compare the rates of wear of conventional and cross-linked (XL) polyethylene (PE) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) have described their use with a cementless acetabular component.

We conducted a prospective randomised study to assess the rates of penetration of two distinct types of PE in otherwise identical cemented all-PE acetabular components.

A total of 100 consecutive patients for THA were randomised to receive an acetabular component which had been either highly XL then remelted or moderately XL then annealed.

After a minimum of eight years follow-up, 38 hips in the XL group and 30 hips in the annealed group had complete data (mean follow-up of 9.1 years (7.6 to 10.7) and 8.7 years (7.2 to 10.2), respectively). In the XL group, the steady state rate of penetration from one year onwards was -0.0002 mm/year (sd 0.108): in the annealed group it was 0.1382 mm/year (sd 0.129) (Mann–Whitney U test, p < 0.001). No complication specific to either material was recorded.

These results show that the yearly linear rate of femoral head penetration can be significantly reduced by using a highly XLPE cemented acetabular component.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:1458–62.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 2 | Pages 177 - 184
1 Feb 2015
Felden A Vaz G Kreps S Anract P Hamadouche M Biau DJ

Conventional cemented acetabular components are reported to have a high rate of failure when implanted into previously irradiated bone. We recommend the use of a cemented reconstruction with the addition of an acetabular reinforcement cross to improve fixation.

We reviewed a cohort of 45 patients (49 hips) who had undergone irradiation of the pelvis and a cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) with an acetabular reinforcement cross. All hips had received a minimum dose of 30 Gray (Gy) to treat a primary nearby tumour or metastasis. The median dose of radiation was 50 Gy (Q1 to Q3: 45 to 60; mean: 49.57, 32 to 72).

The mean follow-up after THA was 51 months (17 to 137). The cumulative probability of revision of the acetabular component for a mechanical reason was 0% (0 to 0%) at 24 months, 2.9% (0.2 to 13.3%) at 60 months and 2.9% (0.2% to 13.3%) at 120 months, respectively. One hip was revised for mechanical failure and three for infection.

Cemented acetabular components with a reinforcement cross provide good medium-term fixation after pelvic irradiation. These patients are at a higher risk of developing infection of their THA.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:177–84.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 1 | Pages 56 - 63
1 Jan 2015
Abane L Anract P Boisgard S Descamps S Courpied JP Hamadouche M

In this study we randomised 140 patients who were due to undergo primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to have the procedure performed using either patient-specific cutting guides (PSCG) or conventional instrumentation (CI).

The primary outcome measure was the mechanical axis, as measured at three months on a standing long-leg radiograph by the hip–knee–ankle (HKA) angle. This was undertaken by an independent observer who was blinded to the instrumentation. Secondary outcome measures were component positioning, operating time, Knee Society and Oxford knee scores, blood loss and length of hospital stay.

A total of 126 patients (67 in the CI group and 59 in the PSCG group) had complete clinical and radiological data. There were 88 females and 52 males with a mean age of 69.3 years (47 to 84) and a mean BMI of 28.6 kg/m2 (20.2 to 40.8). The mean HKA angle was 178.9° (172.5 to 183.4) in the CI group and 178.2° (172.4 to 183.4) in the PSCG group (p = 0.34). Outliers were identified in 22 of 67 knees (32.8%) in the CI group and 19 of 59 knees (32.2%) in the PSCG group (p = 0.99). There was no significant difference in the clinical results (p = 0.95 and 0.59, respectively). Operating time, blood loss and length of hospital stay were not significantly reduced (p = 0.09, 0.58 and 0.50, respectively) when using PSCG.

The use of PSCG in primary TKA did not reduce the proportion of outliers as measured by post-operative coronal alignment.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:56–63.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 3 | Pages 342 - 348
1 Mar 2010
El Masri F Kerboull L Kerboull M Courpied JP Hamadouche M

We have evaluated the in vivo migration patterns of 164 primary consecutive Charnley-Kerboull total hip replacements which were undertaken in 155 patients. The femoral preparation included removal of diaphyseal cancellous bone to obtain primary rotational stability of the stem before line-to-line cementing. We used the Ein Bild Roentgen Analyse femoral component method to assess the subsidence of the femoral component.

At a mean of 17.3 years (15.1 to 18.3) 73 patients were still alive and had not been revised, eight had been revised, 66 had died and eight had been lost to follow-up. The mean subsidence of the entire series was 0.63 mm (0.0 to 1.94). When using a 1.5 mm threshold, only four stems were considered to have subsided. Our study showed that, in most cases, a highly polished double-tapered stem cemented line-to-line does not subside at least up to 18 years after implantation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 3 | Pages 304 - 309
1 Mar 2009
Kerboull L Hamadouche M Kerboull M

We describe 129 consecutive revision total hip replacements using a Charnley-Kerboull femoral component of standard length with impaction allografting. The mean follow-up was 8.2 years (2 to 16). Additionally, extramedullary reinforcement was performed using struts of cortical allograft in 49 hips and cerclage wires in 30.

There was one intra-operative fracture of the femur but none later. Two femoral components subsided by 5 mm and 8 mm respectively, and were considered to be radiological failures. No further revision of a femoral component was required. The rate of survival of the femoral component at nine years, using radiological failure as the endpoint, was 98%. Our study showed that impaction grafting in association with a Charnley-Kerboull femoral component has a low rate of subsidence. Reconstruction of deficiencies of distal bone with struts of cortical allograft appeared to be an efficient way of preventing postoperative femoral fracture for up to 16 years.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1439 - 1445
1 Nov 2007
Triclot P Grosjean G El Masri F Courpied JP Hamadouche M

We carried out a prospective randomised study designed to compare the penetration rate of acetabular polyethylene inserts of identical design but different levels of cross-linking at a minimum of four years follow-up. A total of 102 patients (102 hips) were randomised to receive either highly cross-linked Durasul, or contemporary Sulene polyethylene inserts at total hip replacement. A single blinded observer used the Martell system to assess penetration of the femoral head. At a mean follow-up of 4.9 years (4.2 to 6.1) the mean femoral head penetration rate was 0.025 mm/year (sd 0.128) in the Durasul group compared with 0.106 mm/year (sd 0.109) in the Sulene group (Mann-Whitney test, p = 0.0027). The mean volumetric penetration rate was 29.24 mm3/year (sd 44.08) in the Durasul group compared with 53.32 mm3/year (sd 48.68) in the Sulene group. The yearly volumetric penetration rate was 55% lower in the Durasul group (Mann-Whitney test, p = 0.0058). Longer term results are needed to investigate whether less osteolysis will occur.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 6 | Pages 755 - 758
1 Jun 2005
Nizard R Sedel L Hannouche D Hamadouche M Bizot P

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1207 - 1207
1 Nov 2002

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 7 | Pages 979 - 987
1 Sep 2001
Hamadouche M Witvoet J Porcher R Meunier A Sedel L Nizard R

We have carried out a prospective, randomised study designed to compare the long-term stability of the stem of cementless femoral implants with differing surface configurations. A total of 50 hips (46 patients) was randomised into two groups, according to whether the medullary stem had been grit blasted (GB) or coated with hydroxyapatite (HA). Both femoral prostheses were of the same geometrical design. We used Ein Bild Roentgen Analyse femoral component analysis (EBRA-FCA) to assess the stability of the stem. The mean follow-up was for 8.66 years.

The mean migration of the stem was 1.26 mm in the HA group compared with 2.57 mm in the GB group (Mann-Whitney U test, p = 0.04). A mixed model ANOVA showed that the development of subsidence was statistically different in the two groups during the first 24 months. After this subsidence increased in both groups with no difference between them. Our results indicate that, with the same design of stem, HA coating enhanced the stability of the femoral stem when compared with GB stems.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 4 | Pages 598 - 603
1 May 2001
Nevelos JE Prudhommeaux F Hamadouche M Doyle C Ingham E Meunier A Nevelos AB Sedel L Fisher J

We compared and quantified the modes of failure and patterns of wear of 11 Mittelmeier and 11 Ceraver-Ostal retrieved alumina-alumina hip prostheses with reference to the corresponding clinical and radiological histories.

Macroscopic wear was assessed using a three-dimensional co-ordinate measuring machine. Talysurf contacting profilometry was used to measure surface roughness on a microscopic scale and SEM to determine mechanisms of wear at the submicron level.

The components were classified into one of three categories of wear: low (no visible/measurable wear), stripe (elliptical wear stripe on the heads and larger worn areas on the cups) and severe (macroscopic wear, large volumes of material lost). Overall, the volumetric wear of the alumina-alumina prostheses was substantially less than the widely used metal and ceramic-on-polyethylene combinations. By identifying and eliminating the factors which accelerate wear, it is expected that the lifetime of these devices can be further increased.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1095 - 1099
1 Nov 2000
Hamadouche M Sedel L