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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 3 | Pages 462 - 463
1 Apr 2001

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1125 - 1128
1 Nov 2000
Witt JD Hall-Craggs MA Ripley P Cobb JP Bown SG

We report the results of a prospective study of 23 patients in which interstitial laser photocoagulation (ILP) was used to treat an osteoid osteoma. ILP is a technique in which tumour tissue is destroyed by direct heating using low-power laser light energy delivered by thin (400 μm) optical fibres which are introduced percutaneously into the tumour under image guidance.

Pain was evaluated before operation and at the latest follow-up using a visual analogue scale with 0 denoting no pain and 10 the worst pain imaginable. The mean follow-up was for 15 months.

The results showed that the mean pain score decreased from 7.5 before operation to 0.95 at the latest follow-up. Fourteen patients had no pain and eight had minor discomfort, not requiring analgesia. One patient required a second procedure because placement of the fibre had not been accurate enough and one developed recurrent symptoms eight months after treatment. All patients were satisfied with the operation because of the rapid resolution of pain, the minimally invasive nature of the procedure, and the fact that there was no postoperative restriction of activity.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 2 | Pages 314 - 317
1 Mar 1996
Evans SC Edgar MA Hall-Craggs MA Powell MP Noordeen HH Taylor BA

In a prospective trial we performed MRI of the spine and hind brain in 31 patients with scoliosis of onset between the ages of four and 12 years.

In eight patients (26%) there was a significant neuroanatomical abnormality; there were six cases of Chiari-1 malformation associated with a syrinx, one isolated Chiari-1 malformation and one astrocytoma of the cervical spine. Four of these patients had left-sided curves.

There were no clinical features which could reliably identify those patients with abnormalities on MRI. In particular, the unilateral absence of abdominal reflexes was found to be non-specific (1 of 8 of patients with neuroanatomical abnormalities (12.5%) v 2 of 23 with normal scans (8.7%)).

In view of the established risks of surgical correction of scoliosis in the presence of undecompressed syringomyelia and the possible improvement that may follow decompression of the foramen magnum, we feel that MRI of all patients with scoliosis of juvenile onset should be obligatory.