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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 2 | Pages 195 - 200
1 Feb 2014
Abolghasemian M Tangsaraporn S Drexler M Barbuto R Backstein D Safir O Kuzyk P Gross A

The use of ilioischial cage reconstruction for pelvic discontinuity has been replaced by the Trabecular Metal (Zimmer, Warsaw, Indiana) cup-cage technique in our institution, due to the unsatisfactory outcome of using a cage alone in this situation. We report the outcome of 26 pelvic discontinuities in 24 patients (20 women and four men, mean age 65 years (44 to 84)) treated by the cup-cage technique at a mean follow-up of 82 months (12 to 113) and compared them with a series of 19 pelvic discontinuities in 19 patients (18 women and one man, mean age 70 years (42 to 86)) treated with a cage at a mean follow-up of 69 months (1 to 170). The clinical and radiological outcomes as well as the survivorship of the groups were compared. In all, four of the cup-cage group (15%) and 13 (68%) of the cage group failed due to septic or aseptic loosening. The seven-year survivorship was 87.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 71 to 103) for the cup-cage group and 49.9% (95% CI 15 to 84) for the cage-alone group (p = 0.009). There were four major complications in the cup-cage group and nine in the cage group. Radiological union of the discontinuity was found in all successful cases in the cup-cage group and three of the successful cage cases. Three hips in the cup-cage group developed early radiological migration of the components, which stabilised with a successful outcome.

Cup-cage reconstruction is a reliable technique for treating pelvic discontinuity in mid-term follow-up and is preferred to ilioischial cage reconstruction. If the continuity of the bone graft at the discontinuity site is not disrupted, early migration of the components does not necessarily result in failure.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:195–200.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 2 | Pages 213 - 216
1 Mar 1996
Alexeeff M Mahomed N Morsi E Garbuz D Gross A Latner AJ

We report 11 patients having revision of total hip arthroplasty using massive structural allografts for failure due to sepsis and associated bone loss. All patients had a two-stage reconstruction and the mean follow-up was 47.8 months (24 to 72). Positive cultures were obtained at the first stage in nine of the 11 patients, with Staphylococcus epidermidis being the most common organism. The other two patients had draining sinuses with negative cultures.

There was no recurrence of infection in any patient. The mean increase in the modified Harris hip score was 45 and all the grafts appeared to have united to host bone. Two patients required additional procedures, but only one was related to the allograft. Complications included an incomplete sciatic nerve palsy and one case of graft resorption. Our results support the use of massive allografts in failed septic hip arthroplasty in which there is associated bone loss.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 1 | Pages 88 - 90
1 Jan 1994
Mahomed N McKee N Solomon P Lahoda L Gross A

We report two cases in which arthrodesed knees were revised to total arthroplasties after the use of soft-tissue expanders. Case 1 had had multiple operations on her knee and had been arthrodesed for septic arthritis two years earlier. Case 2 had had knee arthrodesis for severe osteoarthritis 18 years before revision. In both patients, tissue expanders were used to increase the soft tissues available for cover and to help to mobilise the extensor mechanism. The operations were made much easier, and in both patients a range of motion from 0 degrees to 90 degrees was achieved at operation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 3 | Pages 393 - 397
1 May 1992
Stockley I McAuley J Gross A

We reviewed 32 deep-frozen irradiated allografts used for the reconstruction of bone defects in 20 knees. They were subdivided into bulk grafts, cortical strut grafts, and morsellised bone. The average follow-up was 4.2 years (2 to 7.2). Radiographs showed union of the allograft to the host in all cases. Two allografts later fractured and three knees required further surgery because of infection. The allografts effectively filled large bone defects around the knee, lessening the need for custom-made and constrained prostheses.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 1 | Pages 105 - 110
1 Jan 1992
Beaver R Mahomed M Backstein D Davis A Zukor D Gross A

Fresh osteochondral allografts were used to repair post-traumatic osteoarticular defects in 92 knees. At the time of grafting, varus or valgus deformities were corrected by upper tibial or supracondylar femoral osteotomies. A survivorship analysis was performed in which failure was defined as the need for a revision operation or the persistence of the pre-operative symptoms. There was a 75% success rate at five years, 64% at ten years and 63% at 14 years. The failure rate was higher for bipolar grafts than for unipolar and the results in patients over the age of 60 years were poor. The outcome did not depend on the sex of the patient and the results of allografts in the medial and lateral compartments of the knee were similar. Careful patient selection, correction of joint malalignment by osteotomy, and rigid fixation of the graft are all mandatory requirements for success. We recommend this method for the treatment of post-traumatic osteochondral defects in the knees of relatively young and active patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 6 | Pages 908 - 910
1 Nov 1991
Beaver R Schemitsch E Gross A

We report a case of late dissociation of a one-piece metal-backed acetabular component, associated with a prolific soft-tissue reaction to the polyethylene debris. The polyethylene liner was not visible on the radiographs. The metal-backed shell could not be removed because of bone ingrowth. We recommend that modular systems be utilised in cementless arthroplasty of the hip and that radiographic markers be incorporated in the polyethylene of the acetabular cup.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 2 | Pages 235 - 240
1 Mar 1991
Allan D Lavoie G McDonald S Oakeshott R Gross A

We followed prospectively 69 patients with 78 proximal femoral allografts performed for revision of total hip arthroplasty for an average of 36 months (range 29 to 68). Large fragment proximal femoral allografts and cortical strut allografts were successful in 85%. Grafts smaller than 3 cm in length (calcar grafts) were clinically successful in 81%, but 50% underwent significant radiographic resorption. We conclude that large proximal femoral allografts and cortical strut allografts provide dependable reconstruction of bone stock deficiencies during revision total hip arthroplasty.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 3 | Pages 377 - 381
1 May 1988
Cheng C Gross A

We reviewed 40 cementless Porous Coated Anatomic knee replacements in 34 consecutive patients. The average follow-up was 12.9 months (range 6 to 36 months). At review, loose beads were identified in 23 knees, in 11 on the femoral side and in 16 on the tibial side (in five knees on both sides). One loose bead was adjacent to the patella. In four knees there were intra-articular beads. Radiolucent lines at the interface between bone and prosthesis were seen in 19 knees, in six on the femoral side and in 16 on the tibial side (in three knees on both sides). In relation to the tibial component loose beads were associated with a radiolucent line in all except one case. Progressive loosening with an increasing number of loose beads was seen in three knees. At this early stage of follow-up there was no correlation between the clinical results and the presence of loose beads.