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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 8 | Pages 902 - 909
1 Aug 2019
Innmann MM Merle C Gotterbarm T Ewerbeck V Beaulé PE Grammatopoulos G


This study of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip aimed to: 1) characterize the contribution of the hip, spinopelvic complex, and lumbar spine when moving from the standing to the sitting position; 2) assess whether abnormal spinopelvic mobility is associated with worse symptoms; and 3) identify whether spinopelvic mobility can be predicted from static anatomical radiological parameters.

Patients and Methods

A total of 122 patients with end-stage OA of the hip awaiting total hip arthroplasty (THA) were prospectively studied. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs; Oxford Hip Score, Oswestry Disability Index, and Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey Score) and clinical data were collected. Sagittal spinopelvic mobility was calculated as the change from the standing to sitting position using the lumbar lordosis angle (LL), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic-femoral angle (PFA), and acetabular anteinclination (AI) from lateral radiographs. The interaction of the different parameters was assessed. PROMs were compared between patients with normal spinopelvic mobility (10° ≤ ∆PT ≤ 30°) or abnormal spinopelvic mobility (stiff: ∆PT < ± 10°; hypermobile: ∆PT > ± 30°). Multiple regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were used to test for possible predictors of spinopelvic mobility.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 8, Issue 7 | Pages 333 - 341
1 Jul 2019
Grossner TL Haberkorn U Gotterbarm T


Bone tissue engineering is one of the fastest growing branches in modern bioscience. New methods are being developed to achieve higher grades of mineral deposition by osteogenically inducted mesenchymal stem cells. In addition to well established monolayer cell culture models, 3D cell cultures for stem cell-based osteogenic differentiation have become increasingly attractive to promote in vivo bone formation. One of the main problems of scaffold-based osteogenic cell cultures is the difficulty in quantifying the amount of newly produced extracellular mineral deposition, as a marker for new bone formation, without destroying the scaffold. In recent studies, we were able to show that 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP), a gamma radiation-emitting radionuclide, can successfully be applied as a reliable quantitative marker for mineral deposition as this tracer binds with high affinity to newly produced hydroxyapatite (HA).


Within the present study, we evaluated whether this promising new method, using 99mTc-hydroxydiphosphonate (99mTc-HDP), can be used to quantify the amount of newly formed extracellular HA in a 3D cell culture model. Highly porous collagen type II scaffolds were seeded with 1 × 106 human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs; n = 6) and cultured for 21 days in osteogenic media (group A – osteogenic (OSM) group) and in parallel in standard media (group B – negative control (CNTRL) group). After incubation with 99mTc-HDP, the tracer uptake, reflected by the amount of emitted gamma counts, was measured.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 2 | Pages 227 - 232
1 Feb 2019
Walker T Rutkowski L Innmann M Panzram B Herre J Gotterbarm T Aldinger PR Merle C


The treatment of patients with allergies to metal in total joint arthroplasty is an ongoing debate. Possibilities include the use of hypoallergenic prostheses, as well as the use of standard cobalt-chromium (CoCr) alloy. This non-designer study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcome and survival rates of unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) using a standard CoCr alloy in patients reporting signs of a hypersensitivity to metal.

Patients and Methods

A consecutive series of patients suitable for UKA were screened for symptoms of metal hypersensitivity by use of a questionnaire. A total of 82 patients out of 1737 patients suitable for medial UKA reporting cutaneous metal hypersensitivity to cobalt, chromium, or nickel were included into this study and prospectively evaluated to determine the functional outcome, possible signs of hypersensitivity, and short-term survivorship at a minimum follow-up of 1.5 years.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 1 | Pages 42 - 49
1 Jan 2018
Walker T Zahn N Bruckner T Streit MR Mohr G Aldinger PR Clarius M Gotterbarm T


The aim of this independent multicentre study was to assess the mid-term results of mobile bearing unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) for isolated lateral osteoarthritis of the knee joint.

Patients and Methods

We retrospectively evaluated 363 consecutive, lateral UKAs (346 patients) performed using the Oxford domed lateral prosthesis undertaken in three high-volume knee arthroplasty centres between 2006 and 2014. Mean age of the patients at surgery was 65 years (36 to 88) with a mean final follow-up of 37 months (12 to 93)

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1356 - 1361
1 Oct 2012
Streit MR Walker T Bruckner T Merle C Kretzer JP Clarius M Aldinger PR Gotterbarm T

The Oxford mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is an effective and safe treatment for osteoarthritis of the medial compartment. The results in the lateral compartment have been disappointing due to a high early rate of dislocation of the bearing. A series using a newly designed domed tibial component is reported.

The first 50 consecutive domed lateral Oxford UKRs in 50 patients with a mean follow-up of three years (2.0 to 4.3) were included. Clinical scores were obtained prospectively and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for different endpoints. Radiological variables related to the position and alignment of the components were measured.

One patient died and none was lost to follow-up. The cumulative incidence of dislocation was 6.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.0 to 17.9) at three years. Survival using revision for any reason and aseptic revision was 94% (95% CI 82 to 98) and 96% (95% CI 85 to 99) at three years, respectively. Outcome scores, visual analogue scale for pain and maximum knee flexion showed a significant improvement (p < 0.001). The mean Oxford knee score was 43 (sd 5.3), the mean Objective American Knee Society score was 91 (sd 13.9) and the mean Functional American Knee Society score was 90 (sd 17.5). The mean maximum flexion was 127° (90° to 145°). Significant elevation of the lateral joint line as measured by the proximal tibial varus angle (p = 0.04) was evident in the dislocation group when compared with the non-dislocation group.

Clinical results are excellent and short-term survival has improved when compared with earlier series. The risk of dislocation remains higher using a mobile-bearing UKR in the lateral compartment when compared with the medial compartment. Patients should be informed about this complication. To avoid dislocations, care must be taken not to elevate the lateral joint line.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 4 | Pages 477 - 482
1 Apr 2012
Merle C Waldstein W Pegg E Streit MR Gotterbarm T Aldinger PR Murray DW Gill HS

The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to identify any difference in femoral offset as measured on pre-operative anteroposterior (AP) radiographs of the pelvis, AP radiographs of the hip and corresponding CT scans in a consecutive series of 100 patients with primary end-stage osteoarthritis of the hip (43 men and 57 women with a mean age of 61 years (45 to 74) and a mean body mass index of 28 kg/m2 (20 to 45)).

Patients were positioned according to a standardised protocol to achieve reproducible projection and all images were calibrated. Inter- and intra-observer reliability was evaluated and agreement between methods was assessed using Bland-Altman plots.

In the entire cohort, the mean femoral offset was 39.0 mm (95% confidence interval (CI) 37.4 to 40.6) on radiographs of the pelvis, 44.0 mm (95% CI 42.4 to 45.6) on radiographs of the hip and 44.7 mm (95% CI 43.5 to 45.9) on CT scans. AP radiographs of the pelvis underestimated femoral offset by 13% when compared with CT (p < 0.001). No difference in mean femoral offset was seen between AP radiographs of the hip and CT (p = 0.191).

Our results suggest that femoral offset is significantly underestimated on AP radiographs of the pelvis but can be reliably and accurately assessed on AP radiographs of the hip in patients with primary end-stage hip osteoarthritis.

We, therefore, recommend that additional AP radiographs of the hip are obtained routinely for the pre-operative assessment of femoral offset when templating before total hip replacement.