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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1167 - 1174
1 Sep 2016
Mineta K Goto T Wada K Tamaki Y Hamada D Tonogai I Higashino K Sairyo K


Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been highlighted and well documented primarily in Western countries and there are few large studies focused on FAI-related morphological assessment in Asian patients. We chose to investigate this subject.

Patients and Methods

We assessed the morphology of the hip and the prevalence of radiographic FAI in Japanese patients by measuring predictors of FAI. We reviewed a total of 1178 hips in 695 men and 483 women with a mean age of 58.2 years (20 to 89) using CT images that had been obtained for reasons unrelated to symptoms from the hip. We measured the lateral centre edge angle, acetabular index, crossover sign, alpha angle and anterior femoral head-neck offset ratio.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 6 | Pages 930 - 930
1 Aug 2000

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 228 - 232
1 Mar 2000
Tanaka H Nagata K Goto T Hoshiko H Inoue A

We assessed the unloading effect of the patellar tendon-bearing (PTB) cast in five healthy volunteers using a new system for analysis of dynamic plantar pressure. We devised a method to improve the unloading effect of the PTB cast, and tested this using the same system.

Our findings showed that the conventional PTB cast only achieved unloading of 30% of the body-weight and that the part of the cast on the leg had a more important role in the unloading than that which was in contact with the patellar tendon. When the depth of the free space under the foot inside the PTB cast was 1, 2 and 3 cm, the unloading effect was 60%, 80% and 98%, respectively.

The unloading effect of the conventional PTB cast was disappointing at only 30% of body-weight. It was improved by producing a space between the sole of the foot and the cast, and was adjustable by altering the depth of this space.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 4 | Pages 543 - 549
1 Aug 1988
Kojimoto H Yasui N Goto T Matsuda S Shimomura Y

The histology and mechanics of leg lengthening by callus distraction were studied in 27 growing rabbits. Tibial diaphyses were subjected to subperiosteal osteotomy, held in a neutral position for 10 days and then slowly distracted at 0.25 mm/12 hours, using a dynamic external fixator. Radiographs showed that the gap became filled with callus having three distinct zones. Elongation appeared to occur in a central radiolucent zone; this was bounded by two sclerotic zones. Histologically, the radiolucent zone consisted of longitudinally arranged cartilage and fibrous tissue while the sclerotic zones were formed by fine cancellous bone. New bone occasionally contained islands of cartilage, suggesting it had been formed by endochondral ossification. After completion of distraction, the two sclerotic zones fused, shrank and were eventually absorbed, leaving tubular bone with a new cortex. When the periosteum had been removed at the operation, callus formation was markedly disturbed and there was failure of bone lengthening. Scraping of endosteum, in contrast, did not have a pronounced effect. These results suggest that the preservation of periosteum is essential if bone lengthening by callus distraction is to succeed, and that preservation of the periosteum is more important than careful corticotomy.