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Psychoeducative prehabilitation to optimize surgical outcomes is relatively novel in spinal fusion surgery and, like most rehabilitation treatments, they are rarely well specified. Spinal fusion patients experience anxieties perioperatively about pain and immobility, which might prolong hospital length of stay (LOS). The aim of this prospective cohort study was to determine if a Preoperative Spinal Education (POSE) programme, specified using the Rehabilitation Treatment Specification System (RTSS) and designed to normalize expectations and reduce anxieties, was safe and reduced LOS.


POSE was offered to 150 prospective patients over ten months (December 2018 to November 2019) Some chose to attend (Attend-POSE) and some did not attend (DNA-POSE). A third independent retrospective group of 150 patients (mean age 57.9 years (SD 14.8), 50.6% female) received surgery prior to POSE (pre-POSE). POSE consisted of an in-person 60-minute education with accompanying literature, specified using the RTSS as psychoeducative treatment components designed to optimize cognitive/affective representations of thoughts/feelings, and normalize anxieties about surgery and its aftermath. Across-group age, sex, median LOS, perioperative complications, and readmission rates were assessed using appropriate statistical tests.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 4 | Pages 534 - 537
1 Jul 1992
Gibson J White M Chapman V Strachan R

We measured the effect of arthroscopic lavage and debridement of the osteoarthritic knee by comparing objective measurements of thigh muscle function before and after operation. There was some improvement in quadriceps isokinetic torque at six and 12 weeks after joint lavage but not after debridement. Neither method significantly relieved the patients' symptoms.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 44-B, Issue 2 | Pages 349 - 355
1 May 1962
Gibson J Piggott H

1. Correction of hallux valgus by spike osteotomy of the neck of the first metatarsal is described, and the results in eighty-two feet are presented.

2. A high proportion of satisfactory results can be obtained, but great care is needed in both selection and technique.

3. The ideal case is one of moderate deformity, without degenerative arthritis, and with symptoms referable to increased width of the forefoot; the operation should not be performed in cases with obvious degenerative change, nor when metatarsalgia is a prominent symptom.

4. It is important to displace the metatarsal head as far laterally as possible, and vital to avoid dorsal angulation or displacement.

5. It is suggested that enough is now known about the natural evolution of hallux valgus and the results of some operations for prophylactic surgery to be undertaken in carefully selected cases.