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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 8 | Pages 985 - 986
1 Aug 2009
Willett K Marsh D Moran C Giannoudis P Bircher M

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1407 - 1413
1 Nov 2008
Kontakis G Koutras C Tosounidis T Giannoudis P

We performed a comprehensive systematic review of the literature to examine the role of hemiarthroplasty in the early management of fractures of the proximal humerus. In all, 16 studies dealing with 810 hemiarthroplasties in 808 patients with a mean age of 67.7 years (22 to 91) and a mean follow-up of 3.7 years (0.66 to 14) met the inclusion criteria. Most of the fractures were four-part fractures or fracture-dislocations.

Several types of prosthesis were used. Early passive movement on the day after surgery and active movement after union of the tuberosities at about six weeks was described in most cases. The mean active anterior elevation was to 105.7° (10° to 180°) and the mean abduction to 92.4° (15° to 170°). The incidence of superficial and deep infection was 1.55% and 0.64%, respectively. Complications related to the fixation and healing of the tuberosities were observed in 86 of 771 cases (11.15%). The estimated incidence of heterotopic ossification was 8.8% and that of proximal migration of the humeral head 6.8%. The mean Constant score was 56.63 (11 to 98). At the final follow-up, no pain or only mild pain was experienced by most patients, but marked limitation of function persisted.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 1 | Pages 1 - 6
1 Jan 2008
Papadokostakis G Kontakis G Giannoudis P Hadjipavlou A

We have compared the outcomes of the use of external fixation devices for spanning or sparing the ankle joint in the treatment of fractures of the tibial plafond, focusing on the complications and the rates of healing. We have devised a scoring system for the quality of reporting of clinical outcomes, to determine the reliability of the results.

We conducted a search of publications in English between 1990 and 2006 using the Pubmed search engine. The key words used were pilon, pylon, plafond fractures, external fixation. A total of 15 articles, which included 465 fractures, were eligible for final evaluation.

There were no statistically significant differences between spanning and sparing fixation systems regarding the rates of infection, nonunion, and the time to union. Patients treated with spanning frames had significantly greater incidence of malunion compared with patients treated with sparing frames. In both groups, the outcome reporting score was very low; 60% of reports involving infection, nonunion or malunion scored 0 points.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1421 - 1426
1 Nov 2007
Pape H Giannoudis P

This paper summarises the current knowledge on the effects of medullary reaming of long-bone fractures. Following a review of intramedullary vascular physiology, the consequences for vascularity, the autograft effects, the generation of heat, and fat embolism are outlined. Also, alternative reaming techniques are described.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 3 | Pages 313 - 323
1 Apr 2004
Giannoudis P Hildebrand F Pape HC

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 1 | Pages 149 - 150
1 Jan 2004