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Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 5, Issue 2 | Pages 147 - 153
19 Feb 2024
Hazra S Saha N Mallick SK Saraf A Kumar S Ghosh S Chandra M


Posterior column plating through the single anterior approach reduces the morbidity in acetabular fractures that require stabilization of both the columns. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of posterior column plating through the anterior intrapelvic approach (AIP) in the management of acetabular fractures.


We retrospectively reviewed the data from R G Kar Medical College, Kolkata, India, from June 2018 to April 2023. Overall, there were 34 acetabulum fractures involving both columns managed by medial buttress plating of posterior column. The posterior column of the acetabular fracture was fixed through the AIP approach with buttress plate on medial surface of posterior column. Mean follow-up was 25 months (13 to 58). Accuracy of reduction and effectiveness of this technique were measured by assessing the Merle d’Aubigné score and Matta’s radiological grading at one year and at latest follow-up.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 5 | Pages 660 - 663
1 May 2013
Ghosh S Singh VK Jeyaseelan L Sinisi M Fox M

In adults with brachial plexus injuries, lack of active external rotation at the shoulder is one of the most common residual deficits, significantly compromising upper limb function. There is a paucity of evidence to address this complex issue. We present our experience of isolated latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle transfer to achieve active external rotation. This is a retrospective review of 24 adult post-traumatic plexopathy patients who underwent isolated latissimus dorsi muscle transfer to restore external rotation of the shoulder between 1997 and 2010. All patients were male with a mean age of 34 years (21 to 57). All the patients underwent isolated LD muscle transfer using a standard technique to correct external rotational deficit. Outcome was assessed for improvement in active external rotation, arc of movement, muscle strength and return to work. The mean improvement in active external rotation from neutral was 24° (10° to 50°). The mean increase in arc of rotation was 52° (38° to 55°). Mean power of the external rotators was 3.5 Medical Research Council (MRC) grades (2 to 5).

A total of 21 patients (88%) were back in work by the time of last follow up. Of these, 13 had returned to their pre-injury occupation. Isolated latissimus dorsi muscle transfer provides a simple and reliable method of restoring useful active external rotation in adults with brachial plexus injuries with internal rotational deformity.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:660–3.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 1 | Pages 106 - 110
1 Jan 2013
Jeyaseelan L Singh VK Ghosh S Sinisi M Fox M

We present our experience of managing patients with iatropathic brachial plexus injury after delayed fixation of a fracture of the clavicle. It is a retrospective cohort study of patients treated at our peripheral nerve injury unit and a single illustrative case report. We identified 21 patients in whom a brachial plexus injury occurred as a direct consequence of fixation of a fracture of the clavicle between September 2000 and September 2011.

The predominant injury involved the C5/C6 nerves, upper trunk, lateral cord and the suprascapular nerve. In all patients, the injured nerve was found to be tethered to the under surface of the clavicle by scar tissue at the site of the fracture and was usually associated with pathognomonic neuropathic pain and paralysis.

Delayed fixation of a fracture of the clavicle, especially between two and four weeks after injury, can result in iatropathic brachial plexus injury. The risk can be reduced by thorough release of the tissues from the inferior surface of the clavicle before mobilisation of the fracture fragments. If features of nerve damage appear post-operatively urgent specialist referral is recommended.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:106–10.