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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 1 | Pages 45 - 48
1 Jan 1994
Pierchon F Pasquier G Cotten A Fontaine C Clarisse J Duquennoy A

We reviewed radiographs and CT scans of 38 total hip arthroplasties which had dislocated (36 posteriorly; 2 anteriorly) and compared the alignment of the prosthetic components with those of 14 uncomplicated arthroplasties. No difference was found between the alignment of the prosthetic components in the two groups. In the seven patients who had reoperations, the cause of dislocation diagnosed by CT was confirmed in only two cases (one retroversion of the cup and one protruding osteophyte). Muscular imbalance rather than malposition of the components was the major factor determining dislocation. CT allows accurate measurement of cup and neck anteversion but contributes little to preoperative planning.