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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 5 | Pages 830 - 832
1 Sep 1993
Dent C Patil M Fairclough J

We performed arthrodesis of the ankle in eight patients by arthroscopic joint excision and fixation with crossed tibiotalar compression screws. Two patients had rheumatoid arthritis and six had post-traumatic osteoarthritis. None had a serious deformity of the ankle. Clinical ankylosis was achieved in all cases and there was radiological evidence of bone fusion in four.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 1 | Pages 129 - 131
1 Jan 1993
Marshall P Fairclough J Johnson Evans E

To define the anatomical relationships of the nerves to the common arthroscopy portals at the elbow an arthroscope was introduced into 20 cadaver elbows and the positions of the nerves were then determined by dissection. In all cases the posterior interosseous nerve lay close to the radiohumeral joint and to the anterolateral portal. Pronation of the forearm displaced the nerve away from the arthroscope. The median nerve passed consistently within 14 mm of the arthroscope when it was introduced through the anteromedial portal. The branches supplying the superficial forearm flexor muscles were at risk.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 1 | Pages 29 - 33
1 Jan 1988
Weisl H Fairclough J Jones D

Patients with myelomeningocele who had had surgery to stabilise the hip were reviewed; the results of the 106 operations in 88 patients were assessed. In the earlier part of the series there were 55 children who had 64 iliopsoas transfers; later in the series 33 children had 42 varus-rotation osteotomies combined with adductor tenotomy, anterior obturator neurectomy and psoas division. The technical results of both operations were satisfactory: following iliopsoas transfer only 19% of the hips were either dislocated or subluxated; the corresponding figure for the osteotomy was 12%. Thus varus-rotation osteotomy with psoas division, adductor tenotomy and anterior obturator neurectomy was at least as effective in stabilising the hip as iliopsoas transfer. Nevertheless 80% of the latter and 61% of the osteotomy patients relied on wheelchairs for mobility.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 5 | Pages 848 - 848
1 Nov 1987
Colhoun E Johnson Fairclough J

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 2 | Pages 251 - 253
1 Mar 1987
Fairclough J Colhoun E Johnston D Williams L

Of 693 elderly patients admitted with suspected hip fractures, 43 had normal radiographs and were investigated by isotope bone scan. The 30 patients (70%) with normal scans were mobilised and none developed a fracture. All 13 of the patients with specific bone scan abnormalities were subsequently proved to have fractures, five of which became displaced. Clearly conventional radiography does not exclude fracture of the femoral neck in elderly patients; bone scanning is advisable in doubtful cases.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 2 | Pages 210 - 210
1 Mar 1983
Fairclough J Mackie I Mintowt-Czyz W Phillips G

The scalpel blades used during 187 operations were cultured. At each procedure the knife used to incise the skin was discarded immediately and a fresh knife was used to complete the operation. The results showed that there was no difference in the bacterial growth between the two knives. From these results it would appear that the practice of changing blades after incising the skin is an unnecessary precaution in the prevention of bacterial contamination of clean wounds.