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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 8 | Pages 902 - 909
1 Aug 2019
Innmann MM Merle C Gotterbarm T Ewerbeck V Beaulé PE Grammatopoulos G


This study of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip aimed to: 1) characterize the contribution of the hip, spinopelvic complex, and lumbar spine when moving from the standing to the sitting position; 2) assess whether abnormal spinopelvic mobility is associated with worse symptoms; and 3) identify whether spinopelvic mobility can be predicted from static anatomical radiological parameters.

Patients and Methods

A total of 122 patients with end-stage OA of the hip awaiting total hip arthroplasty (THA) were prospectively studied. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs; Oxford Hip Score, Oswestry Disability Index, and Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey Score) and clinical data were collected. Sagittal spinopelvic mobility was calculated as the change from the standing to sitting position using the lumbar lordosis angle (LL), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic-femoral angle (PFA), and acetabular anteinclination (AI) from lateral radiographs. The interaction of the different parameters was assessed. PROMs were compared between patients with normal spinopelvic mobility (10° ≤ ∆PT ≤ 30°) or abnormal spinopelvic mobility (stiff: ∆PT < ± 10°; hypermobile: ∆PT > ± 30°). Multiple regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were used to test for possible predictors of spinopelvic mobility.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 2 | Pages 209 - 214
1 Mar 2003
Aldinger PR Breusch SJ Lukoschek M Mau H Ewerbeck V Thomsen M

We followed the first 354 consecutive implantations of a cementless, double-tapered straight femoral stem in 326 patients. Follow-up was at a mean of 12 years (10 to 15). The mean age of the patients was 57 years (13 to 81). At follow-up, 56 patients (59 hips) had died, and eight (eight hips) had been lost to follow-up. Twenty-five hips underwent femoral revision, eight for infection, three for periprosthetic fracture and 14 for aseptic loosening.

The overall survival was 92% at 12 years (95% CI 88 to 95). Survival with femoral revision for aseptic loosening as an endpoint was 95% (95% CI 92 to 98). The median Harris hip score at follow-up was 84 points (23 to 100). Radiolucent lines (< 2 mm) in Gruen zones 1 and 7 were present in 38 (16%) and 34 hips (14%), respectively. Radiolucencies in zones 2 to 6 were found in five hips (2%).

The results for mid- to long-term survival with this femoral component are encouraging and compare with those achieved in primary cemented total hip arthroplasty. The high rate of loosening of the cup and the high rate of pain are, however, a source of concern.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 276 - 282
1 Mar 2000
Sabo D Brocai DRC Eble M Wannenmacher M Ewerbeck V

We studied the effects of irradiation on the reintegration of autologous osteoarticular grafts over a period of 24 weeks in a canine model. In 16 foxhounds the medial femoral condyle was resected, irradiated and immediately replanted. In the control group resection and replantation were performed without irradiation. Reintegration was assessed by macroscopic analysis, histology, radiography and gait analysis.

Reintegration was equal at 12 weeks, but significantly inferior in the irradiated group after 24 weeks with delayed bone remodelling. The articular cartilage showed modest degeneration. Conventional radiography and histology showed corresponding changes. Limb function was adequate but the gait was inferior in the treated group.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 5 | Pages 863 - 867
1 Sep 1999
Loew M Daecke W Kusnierczak D Rahmanzadeh M Ewerbeck V

We report a prospective study of the effects of extracorporeal shock-wave therapy in 195 patients with chronic calcifying tendinitis. In part A 80 patients with chronic symptoms were randomly assigned to a control and three subgroups which had different treatment by low-energy and high-energy shock waves. In part B 115 patients had either one or two high-energy sessions. We recorded subjective, functional and radiological findings at six months after treatment.

The results showed energy-dependent success, with relief of pain ranging from 5% in our control group up to 58% after two high-energy sessions. The Constant scores and the radiological disintegration of calcification were also dose-dependent.

Shockwave therapy should be considered for chronic pain due to calcific tendinitis which is resistant to conservative treatment.