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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 6, Issue 5 | Pages 315 - 322
1 May 2017
Martinez-Perez M Perez-Jorge C Lozano D Portal-Nuñez S Perez-Tanoira R Conde A Arenas MA Hernandez-Lopez JM de Damborenea JJ Gomez-Barrena E Esbrit P Esteban J


Implant-related infection is one of the most devastating complications in orthopaedic surgery. Many surface and/or material modifications have been developed in order to minimise this problem; however, most of the in vitro studies did not evaluate bacterial adhesion in the presence of eukaryotic cells, as stated by the ‘race for the surface’ theory. Moreover, the adherence of numerous clinical strains with different initial concentrations has not been studied.


We describe a method for the study of bacterial adherence in the presence of preosteoblastic cells. For this purpose we mixed different concentrations of bacterial cells from collection and clinical strains of staphylococci isolated from implant-related infections with preosteoblastic cells, and analysed the minimal concentration of bacteria able to colonise the surface of the material with image analysis.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 7 | Pages 1001 - 1006
1 Jul 2013
Esteban J Alvarez-Alvarez B Blanco A Fernández-Roblas R Gadea I Garcia-Cañete J Sandoval E Valdazo M

We have designed a prospective study to evaluate the usefulness of prolonged incubation of cultures from sonicated orthopaedic implants. During the study period 124 implants from 113 patients were processed (22 osteosynthetic implants, 46 hip prostheses, 54 knee prostheses, and two shoulder prostheses). Of these, 70 patients had clinical infection; 32 had received antibiotics at least seven days before removal of the implant. A total of 54 patients had sonicated samples that produced positive cultures (including four patients without infection). All of them were positive in the first seven days of incubation. No differences were found regarding previous antibiotic treatment when analysing colony counts or days of incubation in the case of a positive result. In our experience, extending incubation of the samples to 14 days does not add more positive results for sonicated orthopaedic implants (hip and knee prosthesis and osteosynthesis implants) compared with a conventional seven-day incubation period.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1001–6.