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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 6_Supple_B | Pages 123 - 126
1 Jun 2019
El-Husseiny M Masri B Duncan C Garbuz DS


We investigated the long-term performance of the Tripolar Trident acetabular component used for recurrent dislocation in revision total hip arthroplasty. We assessed: 1) rate of re-dislocation; 2) incidence of complications requiring re-operation; and 3) Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) pain and functional scores.

Patients and Methods

We retrospectively identified 111 patients who had 113 revision tripolar constrained liners between 1994 and 2008. All patients had undergone revision hip arthroplasty before the constrained liner was used: 13 after the first revision, 17 after the second, 38 after the third, and 45 after more than three revisions. A total of 75 hips (73 patients) were treated with Tripolar liners due to recurrent instability with abductor deficiency, In addition, six patients had associated cerebral palsy, four had poliomyelitis, two had multiple sclerosis, two had spina bifida, two had spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, one had previous reversal of an arthrodesis, and 21 had proximal femoral replacements. The mean age of patients at time of Tripolar insertions was 72 years (53 to 89); there were 69 female patients (two bilateral) and 42 male patients. All patients were followed up for a mean of 15 years (10 to 24). Overall, 55 patients (57 hips) died between April 2011 and February 2018, at a mean of 167 months (122 to 217) following their tripolar liner implantation. We extracted demographics, implant data, rate of dislocations, and incidence of other complications.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 4 | Pages 564 - 569
1 Apr 2012
Pendegrass CJ El-Husseiny M Blunn GW

The success of long-term transcutaneous implants depends on dermal attachment to prevent downgrowth of the epithelium and infection. Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings and fibronectin (Fn) have independently been shown to regulate fibroblast activity and improve attachment. In an attempt to enhance this phenomenon we adsorbed Fn onto HA-coated substrates. Our study was designed to test the hypothesis that adsorption of Fn onto HA produces a surface that will increase the attachment of dermal fibroblasts better than HA alone or titanium alloy controls.

Iodinated Fn was used to investigate the durability of the protein coating and a bioassay using human dermal fibroblasts was performed to assess the effects of the coating on cell attachment. Cell attachment data were compared with those for HA alone and titanium alloy controls at one, four and 24 hours. Protein attachment peaked within one hour of incubation and the maximum binding efficiency was achieved with an initial droplet of 1000 ng. We showed that after 24 hours one-fifth of the initial Fn coating remained on the substrates, and this resulted in a significant, three-, four-, and sevenfold increase in dermal fibroblast attachment strength compared to uncoated controls at one, four and 24 hours, respectively.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 2 | Pages 151 - 157
1 Feb 2011
El-Husseiny M Patel S MacFarlane RJ Haddad FS

Bacterial infection in orthopaedic surgery can be devastating, and is associated with significant morbidity and poor functional outcomes, which may be improved if high concentrations of antibiotics can be delivered locally over a prolonged period of time. The two most widely used methods of doing this involve antibiotic-loaded polymethylmethacrylate or collagen fleece. The former is not biodegradable and is a surface upon which secondary bacterial infection may occur. Consequently, it has to be removed once treatment has finished. The latter has been used successfully as an adjunct to systemic antibiotics, but cannot effect a sustained release that would allow it to be used on its own, thereby avoiding systemic toxicity.

This review explores the newer biodegradable carrier systems which are currently in the experimental phase of development and which may prove to be more effective in the treatment of osteomyelitis.