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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 9, Issue 6 | Pages 268 - 271
1 Jun 2020
Buchalter DB Kirby DJ Egol KA Leucht P Konda SR

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 5 | Pages 632 - 637
1 May 2020
Gonzalez LJ Hildebrandt K Carlock K Konda SR Egol KA


Tibial plateau fractures are serious injuries about the knee that have the potential to affect patients’ long-term function. To our knowledge, this is the first study to use patient-reported outcomes (PROs) with a musculoskeletal focus to assess the long-term outcome, as compared to a short-term outcome baseline, of tibial plateau fractures treated using modern techniques.


In total, 102 patients who sustained a displaced tibial plateau fracture and underwent operative repair by one of three orthopaedic traumatologists at a large, academic medical centre and had a minimum of five-year follow-up were identified. Breakdown of patients by Schatzker classification is as follows: two (1.9%) Schatzker I, 54 (50.9%) Schatzker II, two (1.9%) Schatzker III, 13 (12.3%) Schatzker IV, nine (8.5%) Schatzker V, and 26 (24.5%) Schatzker VI. Follow-up data obtained included: Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) or Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) pain scores, Short Musculoskeletal Functional Assessment (SMFA), and knee range of movement (ROM). Data at latest follow-up were then compared to 12-month data using a paired t-test.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1668 - 1673
1 Dec 2016
Konda SR Goch AM Leucht P Christiano A Gyftopoulos S Yoeli G Egol KA


To evaluate whether an ultra-low-dose CT protocol can diagnose selected limb fractures as well as conventional CT (C-CT).

Patients and Methods

We prospectively studied 40 consecutive patients with a limb fracture in whom a CT scan was indicated. These were scanned using an ultra-low-dose CT Reduced Effective Dose Using Computed Tomography In Orthopaedic Injury (REDUCTION) protocol. Studies from 16 selected cases were compared with 16 C-CT scans matched for age, gender and type of fracture. Studies were assessed for diagnosis and image quality. Descriptive and reliability statistics were calculated. The total effective radiation dose for each scanned site was compared.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1192 - 1197
1 Sep 2014
Egol KA Marcano AI Lewis L Tejwani NC McLaurin TM Davidovitch RI

In March 2012, an algorithm for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures of the hip was introduced in our academic department of Orthopaedic Surgery. It included the use of specified implants for particular patterns of fracture. In this cohort study, 102 consecutive patients presenting with an intertrochanteric fracture were followed prospectively (post-algorithm group). Another 117 consecutive patients who had been treated immediately prior to the implementation of the algorithm were identified retrospectively as a control group (pre-algorithm group). The total cost of the implants prior to implementation of the algorithm was $357 457 (mean: $3055 (1947 to 4133)); compared with $255 120 (mean: $2501 (1052 to 4133)) after its implementation. There was a trend toward fewer complications in patients who were treated using the algorithm (33% pre- versus 22.5% post-algorithm; p = 0.088). Application of the algorithm to the pre-algorithm group revealed a potential overall cost saving of $70 295.

The implementation of an evidence-based algorithm for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures reduced costs while maintaining quality of care with a lower rate of complications and re-admissions.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1192–7.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 5 | Pages 662 - 667
1 May 2008
Strauss EJ Egol KA Alaia M Hansen D Bashar M Steiger D

This study was undertaken to evaluate the safety and efficacy of retrievable inferior vena cava filters in high-risk orthopaedic patients. A total of 58 patients had a retrievable inferior vena cava filter placed as an adjunct to chemical and mechanical prophylaxis, most commonly for a history of previous deep-vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, polytrauma, or expected prolonged immobilisation. In total 56 patients (96.6%) had an uncomplicated post-operative course. Two patients (3.4%) died in the peri-operative period for unrelated reasons.

Of the 56 surviving patients, 50 (89%) were available for follow-up. A total of 32 filters (64%) were removed without complication at a mean of 37.8 days (4 to 238) after placement. There were four filters (8%) which were retained because of thrombosis at the filter site, and four (8%) were retained because of incorporation of the filter into the wall of the inferior vena cava. In ten cases (20%) the retrievable filter was left in place to continue as primary prophylaxis. No patient had post-removal thromboembolic complications.

A retrievable inferior vena cava filter, as an adjunct to chemical and mechanical prophylaxis, was a safe and effective means of reducing the acute risk of pulmonary embolism in this high-risk group of patients. Although most filters were removed without complications, thereby avoiding the long-term complications that have plagued permanent indwelling filters, a relatively high percentage of filters had to be left in situ.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 6 | Pages 794 - 798
1 Jun 2007
Strauss EJ Frank JB Walsh M Koval KJ Egol KA

Many orthopaedic surgeons believe that obese patients have a higher rate of peri-operative complications and a worse functional outcome than non-obese patients. There is, however, inconsistency in the literature supporting this notion.

This study was performed to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on injury characteristics, the incidence of complications, and the functional outcome after the operative management of unstable ankle fractures.

We retrospectively reviewed 279 patients (99 obese (BMI ≥ 30) and 180 non-obese (BMI < 30) patients who underwent surgical fixation of an unstable fracture of the ankle. We found that obese patients had a higher number of medical co-morbidities, and more Orthopaedic Trauma Association type B and C fracture types than non-obese patients. At two years from the time of injury, however, the presence of obesity did not affect the incidence of complications, the time to fracture union or the level of function.

These findings suggest that obese patients should be treated in line with standard procedures, keeping in mind any known associated medical co-morbidities.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 1 | Pages 84 - 89
1 Jan 2006
Strauss EJ Tejwani NC Preston CF Egol KA

The type II Monteggia (posterior) lesion is a rare injury which is sometimes associated with ulnohumeral instability. We have reviewed 23 of 28 patients with this injury. A clinical and radiographic assessment was undertaken at follow-up. Functional outcome scores, including the Broberg and Morrey Index and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder or Hand (DASH), were used. The results from the six patients with associated posterior ulnohumeral dislocation were compared with 17 without ulnohumeral injury. Those with dislocation had reduced movement of the elbow and had outcome scores indicative of greater disability compared to those without associated dislocation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 246 - 249
1 Mar 2000
Egol KA Dolan R Koval KJ

We randomised prospectively 60 consecutive patients who were undergoing internal fixation of similar fractures of the ankle into two groups, one of which was treated by immobilisation in a below-knee cast and the other by a functional brace with early movement. All were instructed to avoid weight-bearing on the affected side. They were seen at 6, 12, 26 and 52 weeks. The functional rating scale of Mazur et al was used to evaluate the patients at each follow-up and we recorded the time of return to work. After one year the patients completed the SF-36 questionnaire.

By then 55 patients remained in the study, 28 (mean age 45.5 years) in group 1 and 27 (mean age 39.5 years) in group 2. Those in group 2 had higher functional scores at each follow-up but only at six weeks was this difference significant (p = 0.02). They also had higher mean SF-36 scores, but this difference was significant only for two of the eight aspects investigated. For patients gainfully employed, not on workers’ compensation, the mean time from surgery to return to work was 53.3 days for group 2 and 106.5 days for group 1; this difference was significant (p = 0.01). No patient developed a problem with the wound or had loss of fixation.

Our findings support the use of a functional brace and early movement after surgery for fractures of the ankle.