header advert
Results 1 - 6 of 6
Results per page:
The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1135 - 1139
1 Sep 2007
Edgar MA

The anatomical studies, basic to our understanding of lumbar spine innervation through the sinu-vertebral nerves, are reviewed. Research in the 1980s suggested that pain sensation was conducted in part via the sympathetic system. These sensory pathways have now been clarified using sophisticated experimental and histochemical techniques confirming a dual pattern. One route enters the adjacent dorsal root segmentally, whereas the other supply is non-segmental ascending through the paravertebral sympathetic chain with re-entry through the thoracolumbar white rami communicantes.

Sensory nerve endings in the degenerative lumbar disc penetrate deep into the disrupted nucleus pulposus, insensitive in the normal lumbar spine. Complex as well as free nerve endings would appear to contribute to pain transmission.

The nature and mechanism of discogenic pain is still speculative but there is growing evidence to support a ‘visceral pain’ hypothesis, unique in the muscloskeletal system. This mechanism is open to ‘peripheral sensitisation’ and possibly ‘central sensitisation’ as a potential cause of chronic back pain.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 5 | Pages 745 - 746
1 May 2005

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 1 | Pages 13 - 18
1 Jan 1998
Ransford AO Morley T Edgar MA Webb P Passuti N Chopin D Morin C Michel F Garin C Pries D

We have evaluated the use of a synthetic porous ceramic (Triosite) as a substitute for bone graft in posterior spinal fusion for idiopathic scoliosis. In a prospective, randomised study 341 patients at five hospitals in the UK and France were randomly allocated either to autograft from the iliac crest or rib segments (171) or to receive Triosite blocks (170). All patients were assessed after operation and at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months.

The two groups were similar with regard to all demographic and baseline variables, but the 184 treated in France (54%) had Cotrel-Dubouset instrumentation and the 157 treated in the UK usually had Harrington-Luque implants. In the Triosite group the average Cobb angle of the upper curve was 56°, corrected to 24° (57%). At 18 months, the average was 26° (3% loss). In the autograft group the average preoperative upper curve of 53° was corrected to 21° (60%). At 18 months the mean curve was 25° (8% loss). Pain levels after operation were similar in the two groups, being mild in most cases. In the Triosite group only three patients had problems of wound healing, but in the autograft group, 14 patients had delayed healing, infection or haematoma in the spinal wound. In addition, 15 autograft patients had pain at the donor site at three months. Seven had infections, two had haematoma and four had delayed healing.

The haematological and serum biochemistry results showed no abnormal trends and no significant differences between the groups. There were no adverse events related to the graft material and no evidence of allergenicity.

Our results suggest that Triosite synthetic porous ceramic is a safe and effective substitute for autograft in these patients. Histological findings on biopsy indicate that Triosite provides a favourable scaffolding for the formation of new bone and is gradually incorporated into the fusion mass.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 2 | Pages 314 - 317
1 Mar 1996
Evans SC Edgar MA Hall-Craggs MA Powell MP Noordeen HH Taylor BA

In a prospective trial we performed MRI of the spine and hind brain in 31 patients with scoliosis of onset between the ages of four and 12 years.

In eight patients (26%) there was a significant neuroanatomical abnormality; there were six cases of Chiari-1 malformation associated with a syrinx, one isolated Chiari-1 malformation and one astrocytoma of the cervical spine. Four of these patients had left-sided curves.

There were no clinical features which could reliably identify those patients with abnormalities on MRI. In particular, the unilateral absence of abdominal reflexes was found to be non-specific (1 of 8 of patients with neuroanatomical abnormalities (12.5%) v 2 of 23 with normal scans (8.7%)).

In view of the established risks of surgical correction of scoliosis in the presence of undecompressed syringomyelia and the possible improvement that may follow decompression of the foramen magnum, we feel that MRI of all patients with scoliosis of juvenile onset should be obligatory.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 56-B, Issue 4 | Pages 658 - 667
1 Nov 1974
Edgar MA Park WM

1. Passive straight-leg raising may induce pain in the back or leg or a combination of both in patients with acute lower lumbar disc lesions. Clinical, myelographic and operative observations were carried out prospectively in fifty such cases to investigate the relation of the pattern of pain on straight-leg raising to the site of the protrusion.

2. In patients with central protrusion straight-leg raising induced mainly back pain. In patients with intermediate protrusion, lying in contact with both dura and nerve root, a combination of back and leg pain predominated. Patients with lateral protrusion usually experienced only pain in the leg. This correlation was found in 80 per cent of cases.

3. Production of pain in the leg by straight-leg raising is of practical significance in lateral protrusions where myelography may be normal.

4. Pain in the back and pain in the leg on straight-leg raising may be related respectively to dural and nerve root sensitivity.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 55-B, Issue 1 | Pages 183 - 188
1 Feb 1973
Edgar MA Robinson MP

1. Five cases of fibrosarcoma arising after radiotherapy in cases of ankylosing spondylitis are reported.

2. The relationship of the tumours to irradiation is discussed.

3. Objective neurological signs arising in the lower limbs of patients with ankylosing spondylitis after a latent period following radiotherapy may indicate an underlying sarcoma.