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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1359 - 1367
3 Oct 2020
Hasegawa K Okamoto M Hatsushikano S Watanabe K Ohashi M Vital J Dubousset J


The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that three grades of sagittal compensation for standing posture (normal, compensated, and decompensated) correlate with health-related quality of life measurements (HRQOL).


A total of 50 healthy volunteers (normal), 100 patients with single-level lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (LDS), and 70 patients with adult to elderly spinal deformity (deformity) were enrolled. Following collection of demographic data and HRQOL measured by the Scoliosis Research Society-22r (SRS-22r), radiological measurement by the biplanar slot-scanning full body stereoradiography (EOS) system was performed simultaneously with force-plate measurements to obtain whole body sagittal alignment parameters. These parameters included the offset between the centre of the acoustic meatus and the gravity line (CAM-GL), saggital vertical axis (SVA), T1 pelvic angle (TPA), McGregor slope, C2-7 lordosis, thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), PI-LL, sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and knee flexion. Whole spine MRI examination was also performed. Cluster analysis of the SRS-22r scores in the pooled data was performed to classify the subjects into three groups according to the HRQOL, and alignment parameters were then compared among the three cluster groups.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 6 | Pages 865 - 869
1 Aug 2002
Wicart P Mascard E Missenard G Dubousset J

Failure of massive knee endoprostheses implanted for malignant tumours of the distal femur in children presents a difficult problem.

We present the results of rotationplasty undertaken under these circumstances in four boys. They had been treated initially at a mean age of 9.5 years for a stage-IIB malignant tumour of the distal femur by resection and implantation of a massive knee endoprosthesis. After a mean period of eight years and a mean of four operative procedures, there was failure of the endoprosthesis because of aseptic loosening in two and infection in two. Function was poor with a mean Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score of 7.5/30, and considerable associated psychological problems.

At a mean follow-up of 4.5 years after rotationplasty there was excellent function with a mean score of 27.5/30 and resolution of the psychological problems.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 77-B, Issue 1 | Pages 134 - 138
1 Jan 1995
Machida M Dubousset J Imamura Y Iwaya T Yamada T Kimura J

We studied the possible role of melatonin deficiency in experimentally-induced scoliosis. A total of 90 chickens underwent pinealectomy on the third day after hatching: 30 were treated with serotonin, 30 with melatonin and 30 received no therapy (control group). Scoliosis developed in all the control group, in 22 of the serotonin group, and in only 6 of the melatonin group. The six melatonin-treated chickens with scoliosis had less severe spinal deformities than those in the serotonin-treated group. There were lower blood melatonin concentrations in chickens with scoliosis than in those without. Our findings suggest that melatonin deficiency contributes to the aetiology of this experimental scoliosis, probably by interfering with the normally symmetrical growth of the proprioceptive system involving the paraspinal muscles and the spine.