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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 47-B, Issue 4 | Pages 678 - 685
1 Nov 1965
Freeman MAR Dean MRE Hanham IWF

1. Eighty-five patients have been studied soon after a ligamentous injury at the foot or ankle. These patients were treated in one of three ways, and in fifty-six patients the results were evaluated six to fifteen months after injury.

2. It is concluded: a) that ligamentous injuries at the foot and ankle frequently produce a proprioceptive deficit affecting the muscles of the injured leg; b) that such a deficit is responsible for the symptom of "giving way" of the foot; and c) that the incidence of both the proprioceptive deficit and the symptom of "giving way" can substantially be reduced by treatment after injury with the coordination exercises described in this study.

3. The mechanism of production of the proprioceptive defect is discussed.