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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 106-B, Issue 1 | Pages 77 - 85
1 Jan 2024
Foster AL Warren J Vallmuur K Jaiprakash A Crawford R Tetsworth K Schuetz MA


The aim of this study was to perform the first population-based description of the epidemiological and health economic burden of fracture-related infection (FRI).


This is a retrospective cohort study of operatively managed orthopaedic trauma patients from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2016, performed in Queensland, Australia. Record linkage was used to develop a person-centric, population-based dataset incorporating routinely collected administrative, clinical, and health economic information. The FRI group consisted of patients with International Classification of Disease 10th Revision diagnosis codes for deep infection associated with an implanted device within two years following surgery, while all others were deemed not infected. Demographic and clinical variables, as well as healthcare utilization costs, were compared.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1462 - 1463
1 Sep 2021
Barker TP Steele N Swamy G Cook A Rai A Crawford R Lutchman L

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1464 - 1471
1 Sep 2021
Barker TP Steele N Swamy G Cook A Rai A Crawford R Lutchman L


Cauda equina syndrome (CES) can be associated with chronic severe lower back pain and long-term autonomic dysfunction. This study assesses the recently defined core outcome set for CES in a cohort of patients using validated questionnaires.


Between January 2005 and December 2019, 82 patients underwent surgical decompression for acute CES secondary to massive lumbar disc prolapse at our hospital. After review of their records, patients were included if they presented with the clinical and radiological features of CES, then classified as CES incomplete (CESI) or with painless urinary retention (CESR) in accordance with guidelines published by the British Association of Spinal Surgeons. Patients provided written consent and completed a series of questionnaires.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 6 | Pages 708 - 713
1 Jun 2017
Rushton PRP Siddique I Crawford R Birch N Gibson MJ Hutton MJ

The MAGnetic Expansion Control (MAGEC) system is used increasingly in the management of early-onset scoliosis. Good results have been published, but there have been recent reports identifying implant failures that may be associated with significant metallosis surrounding the implants. This article aims to present the current knowledge regarding the performance of this implant, and the potential implications and strategies that may be employed to identify and limit any problems.

We urge surgeons to apply caution to patient and construct selection; engage in prospective patient registration using a spine registry; ensure close clinical monitoring until growth has ceased; and send all explanted MAGEC rods for independent analysis.

The MAGEC system may be a good instrumentation system for the treatment of early-onset scoliosis. However, it is innovative and like all new technology, especially when deployed in a paediatric population, robust systems to assess long-term outcome are required to ensure that patient safety is maintained.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:708–13.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 3 | Pages 411 - 415
1 Mar 2006
Challis MJ Gaston P Wilson K Jull GA Crawford R

The aim of this randomised, controlled in vivo study in an ovine model was to investigate the effect of cylic pneumatic pressure on fracture healing. We performed a transverse osteotomy of the right radius in 37 sheep. They were randomised to a control group or a treatment group where they received cyclic loading of the osteotomy by the application of a pressure cuff around the muscles of the proximal forelimb. Sheep from both groups were killed at four or six weeks. Radiography, ultrasonography, biomechanical testing and histomorphometry were used to assess the differences between the groups. The area of periosteal callus, peak torsional strength, fracture stiffness, energy absorbed over the first 10° of torsion and histomorphometric analysis all showed that the osteotomies treated with the cyclic pneumatic pressure at four weeks were not significantly different from the control osteotomies at six weeks.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 5 | Pages 646 - 649
1 Jul 2003
Sterling GJ Crawford S Potter JH Koerbin G Crawford R

We prospectively investigated a consecutive series of ten patients undergoing a cemented primary total hip replacement (THR) for osteoarthritis in order to establish the elution characteristics of Simplex-tobramycin bone cement (Howmedica, Limerick, Ireland). Specimens of blood, urine and drainage fluid were collected for 72 hours postoperatively. Very high concentrations of tobramycin were found in the drainage fluid, with mean levels at one hour of 103 mg/l, which steadily declined to 15.1 mg/l after 48 hours. The mean serum tobramycin levels reached a peak of 0.94 mg/l at three hours and declined rapidly to 0.2 mg/l by 48 hours. The mean urinary tobramycin levels peaked at 57.8 mg/l at 12 hours with a rapid decline to 12.6 mg/l by 24 hours.

There was a direct correlation between the amount of tobramycin bone cement which was implanted and the amount of tobramycin systemically absorbed. Excellent local delivery was achieved with minimal systemic concentrations. Simplex-tobramycin bone cement is an efficient and safe method for the delivery of antibiotics after THR.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 5 | Pages 783 - 789
1 Sep 1999
Weale AE Murray DW Crawford R Psychoyios V Bonomo A Howell G O’Connor J Goodfellow JW

We determined the outcome of 56 ‘Oxford’ unicompartmental replacements performed for anteromedial osteoarthritis of the knee between 1982 and 1987. Of these, 24 were in patients who had died without revision, one was lost to follow-up and two had been revised. Of the remaining 29 knees, 26 were examined clinically and radiologically, two were only examined clinically and one patient was contacted by telephone. The mean age of the patients was 80.3 years.

At a mean follow-up of 11.4 years (10 to 14) the measurements of the knee score, range of movement and degree of deformity were not significantly different from those made one to two years after operation, except that the range of flexion had improved. Comparison of fluoroscopically-controlled radiographs at a similar interval of time showed no change in the appearance of the lateral compartments. The retained articular cartilage continued to function for ten or more years which suggests that anteromedial osteoarthritis may be considered as a focal disorder of the knee. This justifies continued efforts to develop methods of treatment which preserve intact joint structures.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 3 | Pages 552 - 554
1 May 1999
Crawford R Puddle B Hunt N Athanasou NA

We reviewed histologically the incidence and pathogenesis of the deposition of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals in the pseudocapsule, femoral and acetabular membranes and periprosthetic tissue at revision of 789 cases of failed total hip replacement. In 13, periprosthetic tissues were found to have deposits of CPPD crystals in areas of cartilaginous metaplasia; four also showed evidence of localised deposition of amyloid. None of the patients had a history of chondrocalcinosis in the hip or other joints. Cartilaginous metaplasia and other changes in periprosthetic tissues may predispose to the deposition of CPPD and associated localised amyloid.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 6 | Pages 990 - 993
1 Nov 1998
Crawford R Sabokbar A Wulke A Murray DW Athanasou NA

We present a case in which the growth of an intraosseous cyst arising from the proximal tibiofibular joint appeared to have been increased by polyethylene wear particles from a medial unicompartmental knee replacement. Histological examination of the cyst wall showed a histiocytic response associated with numerous polyethylene wear particles. This case demonstrates that there is a direct communication between the joint cavity and the cyst. Such communication is probably through openings in the articular cartilage large enough to allow the passage of these particles.