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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 7 | Pages 933 - 939
1 Jul 2007
Ya’ish F Cooper JP Craigen MAC

The diagnosis of nerve injury using thermotropic liquid crystal temperature strips was compared blindly and prospectively against operative findings in 36 patients requiring surgical exploration for unilateral upper limb lacerations with suspected nerve injury. Thermotropic liquid crystal strips were applied to affected and non-affected segments in both hands in all subjects. A pilot study showed that a simple unilateral laceration without nerve injury results in a cutaneous temperature difference between limbs, but not within each limb. Thus, for detection of a nerve injury, comparison was made against the unaffected nerve distribution in the same hand.

Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that an absolute temperature difference ≥ 1.0°C was diagnostic of a nerve injury (area under the curve = 0.985, sensitivity = 100%, specificity = 93.8%).

Thermotropic liquid crystal strip assessment is a new, reliable and objective method for the diagnosis of traumatic peripheral nerve injuries. If implemented in the acute setting, it could improve the reliability of clinical assessment and reduce the number of negative surgical explorations.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1610 - 1612
1 Dec 2006
Al-Rashid M Theivendran K Craigen MAC

The use of volar locking compression plates for the treatment of fractures of the distal radius is becoming increasingly popular because of the stable biomechanical construct, less soft-tissue disturbance and early mobilisation of the wrist. A few studies have reported complications such as rupture of flexor tendons. We describe three cases of rupture of extensor tendons after the use of volar locking compression plates. We recommend extreme care when drilling and placing the distal radial screws to prevent damaging the extensor tendons.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 1 | Pages 99 - 102
1 Jan 2001
Blyth MJG Kincaid R Craigen MAC Bennet GC

We have reviewed the incidence of bacteriologically or radiologically confirmed acute haematogenous osteomyelitis in children under 13 years of age resident in the area of the Greater Glasgow Health Board between 1990 and 1997. In this period there was a fall of 44% in the incidence of both acute and subacute osteomyelitis, mainly involving the acute form (p = 0.005). This mirrors the decline of just over 50% previously reported in the same population between 1970 and 1990. Using multiple regression analysis a decline in incidence of 0.185 cases per 100 000 population per year was calculated for the 28-year period (p > 0.001).

Staphylococcus was the most commonly isolated pathogen (70%). Only 20% of patients required surgery and there was a low rate of complications (10%). In general, patients with a subacute presentation followed a benign course and there were no complications or long-term sequelae in this group.

Haematogenous osteomyelitis in children in this area is becoming a rare disease with an annual incidence of 2.9 new cases per 100 000 population per year.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 4 | Pages 664 - 666
1 Jul 1996
Craigen MAC