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Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 5, Issue 5 | Pages 435 - 443
23 May 2024
Tadross D McGrory C Greig J Townsend R Chiverton N Highland A Breakwell L Cole AA


Gram-negative infections are associated with comorbid patients, but outcomes are less well understood. This study reviewed diagnosis, management, and treatment for a cohort treated in a tertiary spinal centre.


A retrospective review was performed of all gram-negative spinal infections (n = 32; median age 71 years; interquartile range 60 to 78), excluding surgical site infections, at a single centre between 2015 to 2020 with two- to six-year follow-up. Information regarding organism identification, antibiotic regime, and treatment outcomes (including clinical, radiological, and biochemical) were collected from clinical notes.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1464 - 1468
1 Nov 2006
Anderson AJ Towns GM Chiverton N

Traumatic atlanto-occipital dislocation in adults is usually fatal and survival without neurological deficit is rare. The surgical management of those who do survive is difficult and controversial. Most authorities recommend posterior occipitoaxial fusion, but this compromises cervical rotation. We describe a case in which a patient with a traumatic atlanto-occipital disruption but no neurological deficit was treated by atlanto-occipital fusion using a new technique consisting of cancellous bone autografting supported by an occipital plate linked by rods to lateral mass screws in the atlas. The technique is described in detail. At one year the neck was stable, radiological fusion had been achieved, and atlantoaxial rotation preserved.

The rationale behind this approach is discussed and the relevant literature reviewed. We recommend the technique for injuries of this type.