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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 8, Issue 3 | Pages 136 - 145
1 Mar 2019
Cerquiglini A Henckel J Hothi H Allen P Lewis J Eskelinen A Skinner J Hirschmann MT Hart AJ


The Attune total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been used in over 600 000 patients worldwide. Registry data show good clinical outcome; however, concerns over the cement-tibial interface have been reported. We used retrieval analysis to give further insight into this controversial topic.


We examined 12 titanium (Ti) PFC Sigma implants, eight cobalt-chromium (CoCr) PFC Sigma implants, eight cobalt-chromium PFC Sigma rotating platform (RP) implants, and 11 Attune implants. We used a peer-reviewed digital imaging method to quantify the amount of cement attached to the backside of each tibial tray. We then measured: 1) the size of tibial tray thickness, tray projections, peripheral lips, and undercuts; and 2) surface roughness (Ra) on the backside and keel of the trays. Statistical analyses were performed to investigate differences between the two designs.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 7, Issue 7 | Pages 476 - 484
1 Jul 2018
Panagiotopoulou VC Davda K Hothi HS Henckel J Cerquiglini A Goodier WD Skinner J Hart A Calder PR


The Precice nail is the latest intramedullary lengthening nail with excellent early outcomes. Implant complications have led to modification of the nail design. The aim of this study was to perform a retrieval study of Precice nails following lower-limb lengthening and to assess macroscopical and microscopical changes to the implants and evaluate differences following design modification, with the aim of identifying potential surgical, implant, and patient risk factors.


A total of 15 nails were retrieved from 13 patients following lower-limb lengthening. Macroscopical and microscopical surface damage to the nails were identified. Further analysis included radiology and micro-CT prior to sectioning. The internal mechanism was then analyzed with scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy to identify corrosion.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 3 | Pages 310 - 316
1 Mar 2017
Hothi H Henckel J Shearing P Holme T Cerquiglini A Laura AD Atrey A Skinner J Hart A


The aim of this study was to compare the design of the generic OptiStem XTR femoral stem with the established Exeter femoral stem.

Materials and Methods

We obtained five boxed, as manufactured, implants of both designs at random (ten in total). Two examiners were blinded to the implant design and independently measured the mass, volume, trunnion surface topography, trunnion roughness, trunnion cone angle, Caput-Collum-Diaphyseal (CCD) angle, femoral offset, stem length, neck length, and the width and roughness of the polished stem shaft using peer-reviewed methods. We then compared the stems using these parameters.