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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 3 | Pages 294 - 295
1 Mar 2018
Sprowson† AP Jensen C Ahmed I Parsons N Partington P Emmerson K Carluke I Asaad S Pratt R Muller S Reed MR

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 3 | Pages 296 - 302
1 Mar 2018
Sprowson† AP Jensen C Parsons N Partington P Emmerson K Carluke I Asaad S Pratt R Muller S Ahmed I Reed MR


Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication of surgery with an incidence of about 1% in the United Kingdom. Sutures can lead to the development of a SSI, as micro-organisms can colonize the suture as it is implanted. Triclosan-coated sutures, being antimicrobical, were developed to reduce the rate of SSI. Our aim was to assess whether triclosan-coated sutures cause a reduction in SSIs following arthroplasty of the hip and knee.

Patients and Methods

This two-arm, parallel, double-blinded study involved 2546 patients undergoing elective total hip (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at three hospitals. A total of 1323 were quasi-randomized to a standard suture group, and 1223 being quasi-randomized to the triclosan-coated suture group. The primary endpoint was the rate of SSI at 30 days postoperatively.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1534 - 1541
1 Nov 2016
Sprowson† AP Jensen C Chambers S Parsons NR Aradhyula NM Carluke I Inman D Reed MR


A fracture of the hip is the most common serious orthopaedic injury, and surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most significant complications, resulting in increased mortality, prolonged hospital stay and often the need for further surgery. Our aim was to determine whether high dose dual antibiotic impregnated bone cement decreases the rate of infection.

Patients and Methods

A quasi-randomised study of 848 patients with an intracapsular fracture of the hip was conducted in one large teaching hospital on two sites. All were treated with a hemiarthroplasty. A total of 448 patients received low dose single-antibiotic impregnated cement (control group) and 400 patients received high dose dual-antibiotic impregnated cement (intervention group). The primary outcome measure was deep SSI at one year after surgery.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1537 - 1544
1 Nov 2011
McGovern PD Albrecht M G. Belani K Nachtsheim C Partington PF Carluke I Reed MR

We investigated the capacity of patient warming devices to disrupt the ultra-clean airflow system. We compared the effects of two patient warming technologies, forced-air and conductive fabric, on operating theatre ventilation during simulated hip replacement and lumbar spinal procedures using a mannequin as a patient. Infection data were reviewed to determine whether joint infection rates were associated with the type of patient warming device that was used.

Neutral-buoyancy detergent bubbles were released adjacent to the mannequin’s head and at floor level to assess the movement of non-sterile air into the clean airflow over the surgical site. During simulated hip replacement, bubble counts over the surgical site were greater for forced-air than for conductive fabric warming when the anaesthesia/surgery drape was laid down (p = 0.010) and at half-height (p < 0.001). For lumbar surgery, forced-air warming generated convection currents that mobilised floor air into the surgical site area. Conductive fabric warming had no such effect.

A significant increase in deep joint infection, as demonstrated by an elevated infection odds ratio (3.8, p = 0.024), was identified during a period when forced-air warming was used compared to a period when conductive fabric warming was used. Air-free warming is, therefore, recommended over forced-air warming for orthopaedic procedures.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1287 - 1295
1 Oct 2009
Langton DJ Sprowson AP Joyce TJ Reed M Carluke I Partington P Nargol AVF

There have been no large comparative studies of the blood levels of metal ions after implantation of commercially available hip resurfacing devices which have taken into account the effects of femoral size and inclination and anteversion of the acetabular component. We present the results in 90 patients with unilateral articular surface replacement (ASR) hip resurfacings (mean time to blood sampling 26 months) and 70 patients with unilateral Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) implants (mean time 47 months).

The whole blood and serum chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) concentrations were inversely related to the size of the femoral component in both groups (p < 0.05). Cr and Co were more strongly influenced by the position of the acetabular component in the case of the ASR, with an increase in metal ions observed at inclinations > 45° and anteversion angles of < 10° and > 20°. These levels were only increased in the BHR group when the acetabular component was implanted with an inclination > 55°.

A significant relationship was identified between the anteversion of the BHR acetabular component and the levels of Cr and Co (p < 0.05 for Co), with an increase observed at anteversion angles < 10° and > 20°. The median whole blood and serum Cr concentrations of the male ASR patients were significantly lower than those of the BHR men (p < 0.001). This indicates that reduced diametral clearance may equate to a reduction in metal ion concentrations in larger joints with satisfactory orientation of the acetabular component.