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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 4 | Pages 489 - 495
1 Apr 2010
Ramaswamy R Kosashvili Y Cameron H

The hip joint is commonly involved in multiple epiphyseal dysplasia and patients may require total hip replacement before the age of 30 years.

We retrospectively reviewed nine patients (16 hips) from four families. The diagnosis of multiple epiphyseal dysplasia was based on a family history, genetic counselling, clinical features and radiological findings. The mean age at surgery was 32 years (17 to 63), with a mean follow-up of 15.9 years (5.5 to 24).

Of the 16 hips, ten required revision at a mean of 12.5 years (5 to 15) consisting of complete revision of the acetabular component in three hips and isolated exchange of the liner in seven. No femoral component has loosened or required revision during the period of follow-up.

With revision for any reason, the 15-year survival was only 11.4% (95% confidence interval 1.4 to 21.4). However, when considering revision of the acetabular shell in isolation the survival at ten years was 93.7% (95% confidence interval 87.7 to 99.7), reducing to 76.7% (95% confidence interval 87.7 to 98.7) at 15 and 20 years, respectively.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 6 | Pages 812 - 814
1 Jun 2009
Ramaswamy R Kosashvili Y Cameron H

Osteogenesis imperfecta is a rare inherited disorder of connective tissue which may present with recurrent fractures which are prone to nonunion and malunion resulting in deformity. Some patients develop osteoarthritis of the hip. Formation of hyperplastic callus after recurrent fractures may deform the shape of the femur and preclude the use of standard implants at joint replacement. Replacement can thus be technically demanding.

We present a case of bilateral hip replacement in a patient with osteogenesis imperfecta and hyperplastic callus which was treated by the use of long femoral allografts and cemented femoral stems.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 61-B, Issue 4 | Pages 419 - 421
1 Nov 1979
Hunter G Welsh R Cameron H Bailey W

The results of 140 total hip revision procedures for "non-septic" loosening, dislocation, and fracture of the femoral stem or shaft have been personally reviewed and rated by the Harris method. The minimum follow-up period was six months: thirty-three (24 per cent) showed excellent or good results, seventy-two (51 per cent) showed fair or poor results. Subsequent excision arthroplasty was performed in thirty-one patients. The infection rate for these revision procedures was very high, suggesting that many were already infected at the time of revision, and that every "loose" hip must be assumed to be infected until proved otherwise. The mortality rate of 3 per cent was surprisingly low after more than one major surgical procedure in these elderly patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 36-B, Issue 2 | Pages 202 - 208
1 May 1954
Kennedy JC Cameron H

1. Screw fixation of clavicle to coracoid process, with subsequent calcification and ossification along the conoid and trapezoid ligaments, creates an extra-articular fusion of the acromio-clavicular joint.

2. Though the follow-up is admittedly early, excellent results can be obtained in the young healthy adult. It is possible to return an athlete to competitive sports and a heavy labourer to full work in a surprisingly short time.

3. The operation is of doubtful value in older patients.

4. A precise operative technique is most important in producing a successful result.

5. Screw fixation introduces a new movement into the abduction mechanism of the shoulder: synchronous scapulo-clavicular rotation.