header advert
Results 1 - 15 of 15
Results per page:
The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1299 - 1311
1 Oct 2016
Hong CC Pearce CJ Ballal MS Calder JDF

Injuries to the foot in athletes are often subtle and can lead to a substantial loss of function if not diagnosed and treated appropriately. For these injuries in general, even after a diagnosis is made, treatment options are controversial and become even more so in high level athletes where limiting the time away from training and competition is a significant consideration.

In this review, we cover some of the common and important sporting injuries affecting the foot including updates on their management and outcomes.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1299–1311.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 7 | Pages 874 - 883
1 Jul 2016
Ballal MS Pearce CJ Calder JDF

Sporting injuries around the ankle vary from simple sprains that will resolve spontaneously within a few days to severe injuries which may never fully recover and may threaten the career of a professional athlete. Some of these injuries can be easily overlooked altogether or misdiagnosed with potentially devastating effects on future performance. In this review article, we cover some of the common and important sporting injuries involving the ankle including updates on their management and outcomes.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:874–83.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 7 | Pages 880 - 882
1 Jul 2015
Pearce CJ Wong KL Calder JDF

In this paper, we critically appraise the recent publication of the United Kingdom Heel Fracture Trial, which concluded that when patients with an absolute indication for surgery were excluded, there was no advantage of surgical over non-surgical treatment in the management of calcaneal fractures.

We believe that selection bias in that study did not permit the authors to reach a firm conclusion that surgery was not justified for most intra-articular calcaneal fractures.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:880–2.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 2 | Pages 164 - 171
1 Feb 2014
Hannon CP Smyth NA Murawski CD Savage-Elliott BA Deyer TW Calder JDF Kennedy JG

Osteochondral lesions (OCLs) occur in up to 70% of sprains and fractures involving the ankle. Atraumatic aetiologies have also been described. Techniques such as microfracture, and replacement strategies such as autologous osteochondral transplantation, or autologous chondrocyte implantation are the major forms of surgical treatment. Current literature suggests that microfracture is indicated for lesions up to 15 mm in diameter, with replacement strategies indicated for larger or cystic lesions. Short- and medium-term results have been reported, where concerns over potential deterioration of fibrocartilage leads to a need for long-term evaluation.

Biological augmentation may also be used in the treatment of OCLs, as they potentially enhance the biological environment for a natural healing response. Further research is required to establish the critical size of defect, beyond which replacement strategies should be used, as well as the most appropriate use of biological augmentation. This paper reviews the current evidence for surgical management and use of biological adjuncts for treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:164–71.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1299 - 1307
1 Oct 2013
Roche AJ Calder JDF

The two main categories of tendo Achillis tendon disorder are broadly classified by anatomical location to include non-insertional and insertional conditions.

Non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy is often managed conservatively, and many rehabilitation protocols have been adapted and modified, with excellent clinical results. Emerging and popular alternative therapies, including a variety of injections and extracorporeal shockwave therapy, are often combined with rehabilitation protocols. Surgical approaches have developed, with minimally invasive procedures proving popular.

The management of insertional Achilles tendinopathy is improved by recognising coexisting pathologies around the insertion. Conservative rehabilitation protocols as used in non-insertional disorders are thought to prove less successful, but such methods are being modified, with improving results. Treatment such as shockwave therapy is also proving successful. Surgical approaches specific to the diagnosis are constantly evolving, and good results have been achieved.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 2 | Pages 210 - 214
1 Feb 2012
Griffiths JT Matthews L Pearce CJ Calder JDF

The incidence of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is thought to be low following foot and ankle surgery, but the routine use of chemoprophylaxis remains controversial. This retrospective study assessed the incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolic (VTE) complications following a consecutive series of 2654 patients undergoing elective foot and ankle surgery. A total of 1078 patients received 75 mg aspirin as routine thromboprophylaxis between 2003 and 2006 and 1576 patients received no form of chemical thromboprophylaxis between 2007 and 2010. The overall incidence of VTE was 0.42% (DVT, 0.27%; PE, 0.15%) with 27 patients lost to follow-up. If these were included to create a worst case scenario, the overall VTE rate was 1.43%. There was no apparent protective effect against VTE by using aspirin.

We conclude that the incidence of VTE following foot and ankle surgery is very low and routine use of chemoprophylaxis does not appear necessary for patients who are not in the high risk group for VTE.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 7 | Pages 949 - 950
1 Jul 2006
Lloyd JM Calder JDF

The Thompson hemiarthroplasty is a popular hip prosthesis. We present two case reports highlighting a significant alteration in the design of the implant which compromised the success of the operations.

In recent years the manufacturing process of this prosthesis has changed, with a resultant increase in the volume of the stem of 10 ml.

It is essential that manufacturers inform orthopaedic surgeons of any alteration in the design of the implant and supply compatible instrumentation to minimise surgical errors. Surgeons must remain vigilant when checking the compatibility of the trial and definitive prostheses.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1209 - 1213
1 Nov 2004
Calder JDF Buttery L Revell PA Pearse M Polak JM

Osteonecrosis of the femoral head usually affects young individuals and is responsible for up to 12% of total hip arthroplasties. The underlying pathophysiology of the death of the bone cells remains uncertain. We have investigated nitric oxide mediated apoptosis as a potential mechanism and found that steroid- and alcohol-induced osteonecrosis is accompanied by widespread apoptosis of osteoblasts and osteocytes. Certain drugs or their metabolites may have a direct cytotoxic effect on cancellous bone of the femoral head leading to apoptosis rather than purely necrosis.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 4 | Pages 527 - 530
1 May 2004
Calder JDF Whitehouse SL Saxby TS

The results of treatment of Lisfranc injuries are often unsatisfactory. This retrospective study investigated 46 patients with isolated Lisfranc injuries at a minimum of two years after surgery. Thirteen patients had a poor outcome and had to change employment, or were unable to find work as a result of this injury. The presence of a compensation claim (p = 0.02) and a delay in diagnosis of more than six months were associated with a poor outcome (p = 0.01). There was no association between poor functional outcome and age, gender, mechanism of injury or previous occupation. This study may have medico-legal implications on reporting the prognosis for such injuries, and highlights the importance of prompt diagnosis and treatment.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 5 | Pages 706 - 708
1 Jul 2001
Solan MC Calder JDF Bendall SP

Manipulation of the metatarsophalangeal joint and injection with steroid and local anaesthetic are widely practised in the treatment of hallux rigidus, but there is little information on the outcome. We report the results of this procedure carried out on 37 joints, with a minimum follow-up of one year (mean, 41.2 months). Patients with mild (grade-1) changes gained symptomatic relief for a median of six months and only one-third required surgery. Two-thirds of patients with moderate (grade-2) disease proceeded to open surgery. In advanced (grade-III) hallux rigidus, little symptomatic relief was obtained and all patients required operative treatment. We recommend that joints are graded before treatment and that manipulation under anaesthetic and injection be used only in early (grades I and II) hallux rigidus.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 3 | Pages 419 - 422
1 Apr 2001
Calder JDF Pearse MF Revell PA

Our aim was to assess the local extent of osteocyte death in the proximal femur of 16 patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head. We performed histological examination of the femoral heads and cancellous bone biopsies from four regions of the proximal femur in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. A control group consisted of 19 patients with osteoarthritis. All histological specimens were examined in a blinded fashion.

Extensive osteonecrosis was shown in the proximal femur up to 4 cm below the lesser trochanter in the group with osteonecrosis. There was an overall statistically significant difference in the extent of osteocyte death distal to the femoral head between the two groups (p < 0.001). We discuss the implications of these findings as possible contributing factors in regard to the early failure of total hip arthroplasty reported in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 3 | Pages 464 - 464
1 Apr 2000

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 6 | Pages 1085 - 1085
1 Nov 1999

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 6 | Pages 1084 - 1085
1 Nov 1999

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 4 | Pages 621 - 624
1 Jul 1999
Calder JDF Hollingdale JP Pearse MF

We studied prospectively 30 patients who had a Mitchell’s osteotomy secured by either a suture followed by immobilisation in a plaster boot for six weeks, or by a cortical screw with early mobilisation.

The mean time for return to social activities after fixation by a screw was 2.9 weeks and to work 4.9 weeks, which was significantly earlier than those who had stabilisation by a suture (5.7 and 8.7 weeks, respectively; p < 0.001). Use of a screw also produced a higher degree of patient satisfaction at six weeks, and an earlier return to wearing normal footwear. The improvement in forefoot scores was significantly greater after fixation by a screw at six weeks (p = 0.036) and three months (p = 0.024). At one year, two screws had been removed because of pain at the site of the screw head.

Internal fixation of Mitchell’s osteotomy by a screw allows the safe early mobilisation of patients and reduces the time required for convalescence.