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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 3 | Pages 318 - 323
1 Mar 2018
Raiss P Alami G Bruckner T Magosch P Habermeyer P Boileau P Walch G


The aim of this study was to analyze the results of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients with type 1 sequelae of a fracture of the proximal humerus in association with rotator cuff deficiency or severe stiffness of the shoulder.

Patients and Methods

A total of 38 patients were included: 28 women and ten men. Their mean age at the time of arthroplasty was 73 years (54 to 91). Before the RSA, 18 patients had been treated with open reduction and internal fixation following a fracture. A total of 22 patients had a rotator cuff tear and 11 had severe stiffness of the shoulder with < 0° of external rotation. The mean follow-up was 4.3 years (1.5 to 10). The Constant score and the range of movement of the shoulder were recorded preoperatively and at final follow-up.

Preoperatively, radiographs in two planes were performed, as well as CT or arthro-CT scans; radiographs were also performed at final follow-up.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 1 | Pages 42 - 49
1 Jan 2018
Walker T Zahn N Bruckner T Streit MR Mohr G Aldinger PR Clarius M Gotterbarm T


The aim of this independent multicentre study was to assess the mid-term results of mobile bearing unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) for isolated lateral osteoarthritis of the knee joint.

Patients and Methods

We retrospectively evaluated 363 consecutive, lateral UKAs (346 patients) performed using the Oxford domed lateral prosthesis undertaken in three high-volume knee arthroplasty centres between 2006 and 2014. Mean age of the patients at surgery was 65 years (36 to 88) with a mean final follow-up of 37 months (12 to 93)

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 7 | Pages 939 - 943
1 Jul 2017
Sowa B Bochenek M Bülhoff M Zeifang F Loew M Bruckner T Raiss P


Promising medium-term results from total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) have been reported for the treatment of primary osteoarthritis in young and middle-aged patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term functional and radiological outcome of TSA in the middle-aged patient.

Patients and Methods

The data of all patients from the previous medium-term study were available. At a mean follow-up of 13 years (8 to 17), we reviewed 21 patients (12 men, nine women, 21 shoulders) with a mean age of 55 years (37 to 60). The Constant-Murley score (CS) with its subgroups and subjective satisfaction were measured. Radiological signs of implant loosening were analysed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1356 - 1361
1 Oct 2012
Streit MR Walker T Bruckner T Merle C Kretzer JP Clarius M Aldinger PR Gotterbarm T

The Oxford mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is an effective and safe treatment for osteoarthritis of the medial compartment. The results in the lateral compartment have been disappointing due to a high early rate of dislocation of the bearing. A series using a newly designed domed tibial component is reported.

The first 50 consecutive domed lateral Oxford UKRs in 50 patients with a mean follow-up of three years (2.0 to 4.3) were included. Clinical scores were obtained prospectively and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for different endpoints. Radiological variables related to the position and alignment of the components were measured.

One patient died and none was lost to follow-up. The cumulative incidence of dislocation was 6.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 2.0 to 17.9) at three years. Survival using revision for any reason and aseptic revision was 94% (95% CI 82 to 98) and 96% (95% CI 85 to 99) at three years, respectively. Outcome scores, visual analogue scale for pain and maximum knee flexion showed a significant improvement (p < 0.001). The mean Oxford knee score was 43 (sd 5.3), the mean Objective American Knee Society score was 91 (sd 13.9) and the mean Functional American Knee Society score was 90 (sd 17.5). The mean maximum flexion was 127° (90° to 145°). Significant elevation of the lateral joint line as measured by the proximal tibial varus angle (p = 0.04) was evident in the dislocation group when compared with the non-dislocation group.

Clinical results are excellent and short-term survival has improved when compared with earlier series. The risk of dislocation remains higher using a mobile-bearing UKR in the lateral compartment when compared with the medial compartment. Patients should be informed about this complication. To avoid dislocations, care must be taken not to elevate the lateral joint line.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 5 | Pages 671 - 677
1 May 2012
Raiss P Sowa B Bruckner T Eck S Woerz S Rohr K Rickert M Kasten P

The aim of this study was to compare a third-generation cementing procedure for glenoid components with a new technique for cement pressurisation. In 20 pairs of scapulae, 20 keeled and 20 pegged glenoid components were implanted using either a third-generation cementing technique (group 1) or a new pressuriser (group 2). Cement penetration was measured by three-dimensional (3D) analysis of micro-CT scans. The mean 3D depth of penetration of the cement was significantly greater in group 2 (p < 0.001). The mean thickness of the cement mantle for keeled glenoids was 2.50 mm (2.0 to 3.3) in group 1 and 5.18 mm (4.4 to 6.1) in group 2, and for pegged glenoids it was 1.72 mm (0.9 to 2.3) in group 1 and 5.63 mm (3.6 to 6.4) in group 2. A cement mantle < 2 mm was detected less frequently in group 2 (p < 0.001). Using the cement pressuriser the proportion of cement mantles < 2 mm was significantly reduced compared with the third-generation cementing technique.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1403 - 1409
1 Oct 2010
Pape G Zeifang F Bruckner T Raiss P Rickert M Loew M

Fractures of the proximal humerus can lead to malalignment of the humeral head, necrosis and post-traumatic osteoarthritis. In such cases surface replacement might be a promising option.

A total of 28 shoulders with glenohumeral arthritis subsequent to a fracture underwent surface replacement arthroplasty of the humeral head in patients with a mean age of 60 years (35 to 83). On the basis of the inclination of the impacted head, post-traumatic arthritis was divided into three types: type 1, an impacted fracture of the head in an anatomical position (seven cases); type 2, a valgus impacted fracture (13 cases); type 3, a varus impacted fracture (eight cases). The outcome was measured by means of the Constant score.

According to the Boileau classification of the sequelae of fractures of the proximal humerus, all 28 patients had a final result of intra-capsular category 1. The mean Constant score for the 28 shoulders increased from 23.2 points (2 to 45) pre-operatively to 55.1 points (20 to 89) at a mean of 31 months (24 to 66) post-operatively. Valgus impacted fractures had significantly better results (p < 0.039).

Surface replacement arthroplasty can provide good results for patients with post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the shoulder. Their use avoids post-operative complications of the humeral shaft, such as peri-prosthetic fractures. Further surgery can be undertaken more easily as the bone stock is preserved.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 3 | Pages 387 - 392
1 Mar 2010
Kasten P Pape G Raiss P Bruckner T Rickert M Zeifang F Loew M

We have investigated the mid-term outcome of total shoulder replacement using a keeled cemented glenoid component and a modern cementing technique with regard to the causes of failure and loosening of the components.

Between 1997 and 2003 we performed 96 total shoulder replacements on 88 patients, 24 men and 64 women with a mean age of 69.7 years (31 to 82). The minimum follow-up was five years and at the time of review 87 shoulders (77 patients) were examined at a mean follow-up of 89.1 months (60 to 127). Cumulative survival curves were generated with re-operations (accomplished and planned), survivorship of the proshesis, loosening of the glenoid (defined as tilt > 5° or subsidence > 5 mm), the presence of radiolucent lines and a Constant score of < 30 as the endpoints.

There were two re-operations not involving revision of the implants and the survival rate of the prosthesis was 100.0% for the follow-up period, with an absolute Constant score of > 30 as the endpoint the survival rate was 98%. Radiological glenoid loosening was 9% after five years, and 33% after nine years. There was an incidence of 8% of radiolucent lines in more than three of six zones in the immediate post-operative period, of 37.0% after the first year which increased to 87.0% after nine years. There was no correlation between the score of Boileau and the total Constant score at the latest follow-up, but there was correlation between glenoid loosening and pain (p = 0.001).

We found that total shoulder replacement had an excellent mid-term survivorship and clinical outcome. The surgical and cementing techniques were related to the decrease in radiolucent lines around the glenoid compared with earlier studies. One concern, however, was the fact that radiolucent lines increased over time and there was a rate of glenoid loosening of 9% after five years and 33% after nine years. This suggests that the design of the glenoid component, and the implantation and cementing techniques may need further improvement.