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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 10, Issue 10 | Pages 659 - 667
1 Oct 2021
Osagie-Clouard L Meeson R Sanghani-Kerai A Bostrom M Briggs T Blunn G


A growing number of fractures progress to delayed or nonunion, causing significant morbidity and socioeconomic impact. Localized delivery of stem cells and subcutaneous parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been shown individually to accelerate bony regeneration. This study aimed to combine the therapies with the aim of upregulating fracture healing.


A 1.5 mm femoral osteotomy (delayed union model) was created in 48 female juvenile Wistar rats, aged six to nine months, and stabilized using an external fixator. At day 0, animals were treated with intrafracture injections of 1 × 106 cells/kg bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) suspended in fibrin, daily subcutaneous injections of high (100 μg/kg) or low (25 μg/kg) dose PTH 1-34, or a combination of PTH and MSCs. A group with an empty gap served as a control. Five weeks post-surgery, the femur was excised for radiological, histomorphometric, micro-CT, and mechanical analysis.

Bone & Joint 360
Vol. 9, Issue 4 | Pages 6 - 10
1 Aug 2020
Machin JT Forward D Briggs T

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 8, Issue 8 | Pages 397 - 404
1 Aug 2019
Osagie-Clouard L Sanghani-Kerai A Coathup M Meeson R Briggs T Blunn G


Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are of growing interest in terms of bone regeneration. Most preclinical trials utilize bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (bMSCs), although this is not without isolation and expansion difficulties. The aim of this study was: to compare the characteristics of bMSCs and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AdMSCs) from juvenile, adult, and ovarectomized (OVX) rats; and to assess the effect of human parathyroid hormone (hPTH) 1-34 on their osteogenic potential and migration to stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1).


Cells were isolated from the adipose and bone marrow of juvenile, adult, and previously OVX Wistar rats, and were characterized with flow cytometry, proliferation assays, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation, and migration to SDF-1. Experiments were repeated with and without intermittent hPTH 1-34.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 2 | Pages 276 - 282
1 Feb 2017
Mumith A Coathup M Chimutengwende-Gordon M Aston W Briggs T Blunn G


Massive endoprostheses rely on extra-cortical bone bridging (ECBB) to enhance fixation. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of selective laser sintered (SLS) porous collars in augmenting the osseointegration of these prostheses.

Materials and Methods

The two novel designs of porous SLS collars, one with small pores (Ø700 μm, SP) and one with large pores (Ø1500 μm, LP), were compared in an ovine tibial diaphyseal model. Osseointegration of these collars was compared with that of a clinically used solid, grooved design (G). At six months post-operatively, the ovine tibias were retrieved and underwent radiological and histological analysis.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 6, Issue 1 | Pages 14 - 21
1 Jan 2017
Osagie-Clouard L Sanghani A Coathup M Briggs T Bostrom M Blunn G

Intermittently administered parathyroid hormone (PTH 1-34) has been shown to promote bone formation in both human and animal studies. The hormone and its analogues stimulate both bone formation and resorption, and as such at low doses are now in clinical use for the treatment of severe osteoporosis. By varying the duration of exposure, parathyroid hormone can modulate genes leading to increased bone formation within a so-called ‘anabolic window’. The osteogenic mechanisms involved are multiple, affecting the stimulation of osteoprogenitor cells, osteoblasts, osteocytes and the stem cell niche, and ultimately leading to increased osteoblast activation, reduced osteoblast apoptosis, upregulation of Wnt/β-catenin signalling, increased stem cell mobilisation, and mediation of the RANKL/OPG pathway. Ongoing investigation into their effect on bone formation through ‘coupled’ and ‘uncoupled’ mechanisms further underlines the impact of intermittent PTH on both cortical and cancellous bone. Given the principally catabolic actions of continuous PTH, this article reviews the skeletal actions of intermittent PTH 1-34 and the mechanisms underlying its effect.

Cite this article: L. Osagie-Clouard, A. Sanghani, M. Coathup, T. Briggs, M. Bostrom, G. Blunn. Parathyroid hormone 1-34 and skeletal anabolic action: The use of parathyroid hormone in bone formation. Bone Joint Res 2017;6:14–21. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.61.BJR-2016-0085.R1.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1284 - 1290
1 Sep 2015
Furtado S Grimer RJ Cool P Murray SA Briggs T Fulton J Grant K Gerrand CH

Patients who have limb amputation for musculoskeletal tumours are a rare group of cancer survivors. This was a prospective cross-sectional survey of patients from five specialist centres for sarcoma surgery in England. Physical function, pain and quality of life (QOL) outcomes were collected after lower extremity amputation for bone or soft-tissue tumours to evaluate the survivorship experience and inform service provision.

Of 250 patients, 105 (42%) responded between September 2012 and June 2013. From these, completed questionnaires were received from 100 patients with a mean age of 53.6 years (19 to 91). In total 60 (62%) were male and 37 (38%) were female (three not specified). The diagnosis was primary bone sarcoma in 63 and soft-tissue tumour in 37. A total of 20 tumours were located in the hip or pelvis, 31 above the knee, 32 between the knee and ankle and 17 in the ankle or foot. In total 22 had hemipelvectomy, nine hip disarticulation, 35 transfemoral amputation, one knee disarticulation, 30 transtibial amputation, two toe amputations and one rotationplasty. The Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) differed by amputation level, with poorer scores at higher levels (p < 0.001). Many reported significant pain. In addition, TESS was negatively associated with increasing age, and pain interference scores. QOL for Cancer Survivors was significantly correlated with TESS (p < 0.001). This relationship appeared driven by pain interference scores.

This unprecedented national survey confirms amputation level is linked to physical function, but not QOL or pain measures. Pain and physical function significantly impact on QOL. These results are helpful in managing the expectations of patients about treatment and addressing their complex needs.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:1284–90.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1172 - 1177
1 Sep 2009
Gikas PD Morris T Carrington R Skinner J Bentley G Briggs T

Autologous chondrocyte implantation is an option in the treatment of full-thickness chondral or osteochondral injuries which are symptomatic. The goal of surgery and rehabilitation is the replacement of damaged cartilage with hyaline or hyaline-like cartilage, producing improved levels of function and preventing early osteoarthritis. The intermediate results have been promising in terms of functional and clinical improvement.

Our aim was to explore the hypothesis that the histological quality of the repair tissue formed after autologous chondrocyte implantation improved with increasing time after implantation.

In all, 248 patients who had undergone autologous chondrocyte implantation had biopsies taken of the repair tissue which then underwent histological grading. Statistical analysis suggested that with doubling of the time after implantation the likelihood of a favourable histological outcome was increased by more than fourfold (p < 0.001).

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 4 | Pages 535 - 541
1 Apr 2008
Pendegrass CJ Sundar S Oddy MJ Cannon SR Briggs T Blunn GW

We used an in vivo model to assess the use of an autogenous cancellous bone block and marrow graft for augmenting tendon reattachment to metallic implants. We hypothesised that augmentation of the tendon-implant interface with a bone block would enable retention of the graft on the implant surface, enhance biological integration, and result in more consistent functional outcomes compared with previously reported morcellised graft augmentation techniques.

A significant improvement in functional weight-bearing was observed between six and 12 weeks. The significant increase in ground reaction force through the operated limb between six and 12 weeks was greater than that reported previously with morcellised graft augmented reconstructions. Histological appearance and collagen fibre orientation with bone block augmentation more closely resembled that of an intact enthesis compared with the morcellised grafting technique. Bone block augmentation of tendon-implant interfaces results in more reliable functional and histological outcomes, with a return to pre-operative levels of weight-bearing by 24 weeks.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 3 | Pages 448 - 449
1 May 1993
Noordeen M Lavy C Briggs T Roos M

Screw devices used to treat fractures of the femoral neck are usually positioned under image-intensifier control, using anteroposterior and lateral views. The volume projected by these views is over 27% larger than the femoral head; the tips of screws so placed may be outside the femoral head. This can be avoided by placement within the central two-thirds of the head: we have designed a template which can confirm safe placement.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 4 | Pages 626 - 626
1 Jul 1992
Lavy C Briggs T

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 1 | Pages 137 - 139
1 Jan 1992
Briggs T Smith P McAuliffe T

We present the results of a prospective trial of osteotomy of the metatarsal neck for hallux valgus in 31 feet of 23 women, using a new stapling device with no plaster splintage and early weight-bearing. Surgery was performed for pain (29 feet) and difficulty with footwear (nine feet). The average time for return to light work was 3.3 weeks, and to full work 8.3 weeks after operation. Seventeen patients had full recovery within three months and 21 of the 23 patients had complete relief of pain. Shoes were more comfortable in 17 feet and 9 patients could wear narrower shoes. Only two patients were unsatisfied with the appearance of the foot. All the osteotomies united, and the average hallux valgus angle was improved on radiographs from 35 degrees to 23 degrees. The mean first metatarsal angle was reduced from 16 degrees to 11 degrees. The new technique allows more accurate surgery and easier postoperative management.