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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 106-B, Issue 4 | Pages 307 - 311
1 Apr 2024
Horner D Hutchinson K Bretherton CP Griffin XL

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 3, Issue 10 | Pages 746 - 752
1 Oct 2022
Hadfield JN Omogbehin TS Brookes C Walker R Trompeter A Bretherton CP Gray A Eardley WGP


Understanding of open fracture management is skewed due to reliance on small-number lower limb, specialist unit reports and large, unfocused registry data collections. To address this, we carried out the Open Fracture Patient Evaluation Nationwide (OPEN) study, and report the demographic details and the initial steps of care for patients admitted with open fractures in the UK.


Any patient admitted to hospital with an open fracture between 1 June 2021 and 30 September 2021 was included, excluding phalanges and isolated hand injuries. Institutional information governance approval was obtained at the lead site and all data entered using Research Electronic Data Capture. Demographic details, injury, fracture classification, and patient dispersal were detailed.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 104-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1073 - 1080
1 Sep 2022
Winstanley RJH Hadfield JN Walker R Bretherton CP Ashwood N Allison K Trompeter A Eardley WGP


The Open-Fracture Patient Evaluation Nationwide (OPEN) study was performed to provide clarity in open fracture management previously skewed by small, specialist centre studies and large, unfocused registry investigations. We report the current management metrics of open fractures across the UK.


Patients admitted to hospital with an open fracture (excluding phalanges or isolated hand injuries) between 1 June 2021 and 30 September 2021 were included. Institutional information governance approval was obtained at the lead site and all data entered using Research Electronic Data Capture software. All domains of the British Orthopaedic Association Standard for Open Fracture Management were recorded.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 104-B, Issue 8 | Pages 972 - 979
1 Aug 2022
Richardson C Bretherton CP Raza M Zargaran A Eardley WGP Trompeter AJ


The purpose of this study was to determine the weightbearing practice of operatively managed fragility fractures in the setting of publically funded health services in the UK and Ireland.


The Fragility Fracture Postoperative Mobilisation (FFPOM) multicentre audit included all patients aged 60 years and older undergoing surgery for a fragility fracture of the lower limb between 1 January 2019 and 30 June 2019, and 1 February 2021 and 14 March 2021. Fractures arising from high-energy transfer trauma, patients with multiple injuries, and those associated with metastatic deposits or infection were excluded. We analyzed this patient cohort to determine adherence to the British Orthopaedic Association Standard, “all surgery in the frail patient should be performed to allow full weight-bearing for activities required for daily living”.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 1 | Pages 104 - 108
1 Jan 2015
Bretherton CP Parker MJ

There has been extensive discussion about the effect of delay to surgery on mortality in patients sustaining a fracture of the hip. Despite the low level of evidence provided by many studies, a consensus has been accepted that delay of > 48 hours is detrimental to survival. The aim of this prospective observational study was to determine if early surgery confers a survival benefit at 30 days.

Between 1989 and 2013, data were prospectively collected on patients sustaining a fracture of the hip at Peterborough City Hospital. They were divided into groups according to the time interval between admission and surgery. These thresholds ranged from <  6 hours to between 49 and 72 hours. The outcome which was assessed was the 30-day mortality. Adjustment for confounders was performed using multivariate binary logistic regression analysis. In all, 6638 patients aged > 60 years were included.

Worsening American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade (p < 0.001), increased age (p <  0.001) and extracapsular fracture (p < 0.019) increased the risk of 30-day mortality.

Increasing mobility score (p = 0.014), mini mental test score (p < 0.001) and female gender (p = 0.014) improved survival. After adjusting for these confounders, surgery before 12 hours improved survival compared with surgery after 12 hours (p = 0.013). Beyond this the increasing delay to surgery did not significantly affect the 30-day mortality.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:104–8.