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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1520 - 1525
1 Nov 2017
Haines N Kempton LB Seymour RB Bosse MJ Churchill C Hand K Hsu JR Keil D Kellam J Rozario N Sims S Karunakar MA


To evaluate the effect of a single early high-dose vitamin D supplement on fracture union in patients with hypovitaminosis D and a long bone fracture.

Patients and Methods

Between July 2011 and August 2013, 113 adults with a long bone fracture were enrolled in a prospective randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Their serum vitamin D levels were measured and a total of 100 patients were found to be vitamin D deficient (< 20 ng/ml) or insufficient (< 30 ng/mL). These were then randomised to receive a single dose of vitamin D3 orally (100 000 IU) within two weeks of injury (treatment group, n = 50) or a placebo (control group, n = 50). We recorded patient demographics, fracture location and treatment, vitamin D level, time to fracture union and complications, including vitamin D toxicity.

Outcomes included union, nonunion or complication requiring an early, unplanned secondary procedure. Patients without an outcome at 15 months and no scheduled follow-up were considered lost to follow-up. The t-test and cross tabulations verified the adequacy of randomisation. An intention-to-treat analysis was carried out.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 5, Issue 4 | Pages 106 - 115
1 Apr 2016
Gruber HE Ode G Hoelscher G Ingram J Bethea S Bosse MJ


The biomembrane (induced membrane) formed around polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) spacers has value in clinical applications for bone defect reconstruction. Few studies have evaluated its cellular, molecular or stem cell features. Our objective was to characterise induced membrane morphology, molecular features and osteogenic stem cell characteristics.


Following Institutional Review Board approval, biomembrane specimens were obtained from 12 patient surgeries for management of segmental bony defects (mean patient age 40.7 years, standard deviation 14.4). Biomembranes from nine tibias and three femurs were processed for morphologic, molecular or stem cell analyses. Gene expression was determined using the Affymetrix GeneChip Operating Software (GCOS). Molecular analyses compared biomembrane gene expression patterns with a mineralising osteoblast culture, and gene expression in specimens with longer spacer duration (> 12 weeks) with specimens with shorter durations. Statistical analyses used the unpaired student t-test (two tailed; p < 0.05 was considered significant).

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1069 - 1073
1 Aug 2009
Hamid N Loeffler BJ Braddy W Kellam JF Cohen BE Bosse MJ

The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcome of patients with intact, broken and removed syndesmosis screws after Weber B or C ankle fracture with an associated injury to the syndesmosis. We hypothesised that there would be no difference. Of a possible 142 patients who fulfilled our inclusion criteria, 52 returned for clinical and radiological assessment at least one year after surgery. Of these, 27 had intact syndesmosis screws, ten had broken screws, and 15 had undergone elective removal of the screw. The mean American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle/hindfoot score was 83.07 (sd 13.59) in the intact screw group, 92.40 (sd 12.69) in the broken screw group, and 85.80 (sd 11.33) in the removed screw group (p = 0.0466).

There was no difference in clinical outcome of patients with intact or removed syndesmotic screws. Paradoxically, patients with a broken syndesmosis screw had the best clinical outcome. Our data do not support the removal of intact or broken syndesmosis screws, and we caution against attributing post-operative ankle pain to breakage of the syndesmosis screw.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1613 - 1617
1 Dec 2006
Karunakar MA Sen A Bosse MJ Sims SH Goulet JA Kellam JF

Our study was designed to compare the effect of indometacin with that of a placebo in reducing the incidence of heterotopic ossification in a prospective, randomised trial. A total of 121 patients with displaced fractures of the acetabulum treated by operation through a Kocher-Langenbeck approach was randomised to receive either indometacin (75 mg) sustained release, or a placebo once daily for six weeks. The extent of heterotopic ossification was evaluated on plain radiographs three months after operation. Significant ossification of Brooker grade III to IV occurred in nine of 59 patients (15.2%) in the indometacin group and 12 of 62 (19.4%) receiving the placebo.

We were unable to demonstrate a statistically significant reduction in the incidence of severe heterotopic ossification with the use of indometacin when compared with a placebo (p = 0.722). Based on these results we cannot recommend the routine use of indometacin for prophylaxis against heterotopic ossification after isolated fractures of the acetabulum.