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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 6 Supple A | Pages 85 - 90
1 Jun 2020
Blevins JL Rao V Chiu Y Lyman S Westrich GH


The purpose of this investigation was to determine the relationship between height, weight, and sex with implant size in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a multivariate linear regression model and a Bayesian model.


A retrospective review of an institutional registry was performed of primary TKAs performed between January 2005 and December 2016. Patient demographics including patient age, sex, height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were obtained from registry and medical record review. In total, 8,100 primary TKAs were included. The mean age was 67.3 years (SD 9.5) with a mean BMI of 30.4 kg/m2 (SD 6.3). The TKAs were randomly split into a training cohort (n = 4,022) and a testing cohort (n = 4,078). A multivariate linear regression model was created on the training cohort and then applied to the testing cohort . A Bayesian model was created based on the frequencies of implant sizes in the training cohort. The model was then applied to the testing cohort to determine the accuracy of the model at 1%, 5%, and 10% tolerance of inaccuracy.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 7_Supple_C | Pages 77 - 83
1 Jul 2019
James EW Blevins JL Gausden EB Turcan S Denova TA Satalich JR Ranawat AS Warren RF Ranawat AS


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and multiligament knee (MLK) injuries increase the risk of development of knee osteoarthritis and eventual need for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There are limited data regarding implant use and outcomes in these patients. The aim of this study was to compare the use of constrained implants and outcomes among patients undergoing TKA with a history of prior knee ligament reconstruction (PKLR) versus a matched cohort of patients undergoing TKA with no history of PKLR.

Patients and Methods

Patients with a history of ACL or MLK reconstruction who underwent TKA between 2007 and 2017 were identified in a single-institution registry. There were 223 patients who met inclusion criteria (188 ACL reconstruction patients, 35 MLK reconstruction patients). A matched cohort, also of 223 patients, was identified based on patient age, body mass index (BMI), sex, and year of surgery. There were 144 male patients and 79 female patients in both cohorts. Mean age at the time of TKA was 57.2 years (31 to 88). Mean BMI was 29.7 kg/m2 (19.5 to 55.7).