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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 6 | Pages 858 - 860
1 Jun 2005
Lahoti O Bell MJ

We present the long-term results of pectoralis major transfer to restore elbow flexion in seven patients (ten procedures). The early results in all the patients were encouraging but with longer follow-up a gradual and progressive flexion deformity was observed with a decrease in the arc of flexion in eight elbows, reaching ≥ 90° in all cases.

The results of pectoralis major transfer deteriorate with time due to the development of a recalcitrant flexion deformity of the elbow. With bilateral involvement we now recommend that the procedure be undertaken on one side only to allow the hand to reach the mouth for feeding, while the opposite side remains in extension for perineal toilet.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 2 | Pages 259 - 265
1 Mar 2004
Saldanha KAN Saleh M Bell MJ Fernandes JA

We performed limb lengthening and correction of deformity of nine long bones of the lower limb in six children (mean age, 14.7 years) with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). All had femoral lengthening and three also had ipsilateral tibial lengthening. Angular deformities were corrected simultaneously. Five limb segments were treated using a monolateral external fixator and four with the Ilizarov frame. In three children, lengthening was done over previously inserted femoral intramedullary rods.

The mean lengthening achieved was 6.26 cm (mean healing index, 33.25 days/cm). Significant complications included one deep infection, one fracture of the femur and one anterior angulation deformity of the tibia. The abnormal bone of OI tolerated the external fixators throughout the period of lengthening without any episodes of migration of wires or pins through the soft bone. The regenerate bone formed within the time which is normally expected in limb-lengthening procedures performed for other conditions.

We conclude that despite the abnormal bone characteristics, distraction osteogenesis to correct limb-length discrepancy and angular deformity can be performed safely in children with OI.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1174 - 1176
1 Nov 2000
Bidwell JP Bennet GC Bell MJ Witherow PJ

We describe ten patients with Turner’s syndrome (karyotype 45, XO) who had leg lengthening for short stature. A high incidence of postoperative complications was encountered and many patients required intramedullary fixation as a salvage procedure. We discuss the reasons for this and highlight the differences between our findings and those of a similar series recently reported. In view of the considerable difficulties encountered, we do not recommend leg lengthening in Turner’s syndrome.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 6 | Pages 999 - 1004
1 Nov 1998
Wilkinson JM Scott BW Clarke AM Bell MJ

The Sheffield Expanding Intramedullary Rod System was developed after experiencing problems with existing rod systems in the management of osteogenesis imperfecta. Between 1986 and 1996 we treated 74 bones in the lower limb in 28 children at a median follow-up of 5.25 years. We have reviewed 24 children with a total of 60 rods.

Before surgery, all children had had multiple fractures of the lower limb. At review eight patients had experienced no further fractures, but three had suffered five or more subsequently.

Before initial stabilisation, 15 children had never walked, and only three (13%) used walking as their main means of mobility. After surgery, half of those who showed motor arrest were able to walk (p = 0.016). The number of patients able to walk, with or without aids, increased to 17 (p = 0.0001).

We have experienced no evidence of epiphyseal damage after the procedure, and complication rates requiring rod exchange have been low (7%).

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 2 | Pages 339 - 339
1 Mar 1997