header advert
Results 1 - 8 of 8
Results per page:
The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1662 - 1668
1 Nov 2021
Bhanushali A Chimutengwende-Gordon M Beck M Callary SA Costi K Howie DW Solomon LB


The aims of this study were to compare clinically relevant measurements of hip dysplasia on radiographs taken in the supine and standing position, and to compare Hip2Norm software and Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS)-derived digital radiological measurements.


Preoperative supine and standing radiographs of 36 consecutive patients (43 hips) who underwent periacetabular osteotomy surgery were retrospectively analyzed from a single-centre, two-surgeon cohort. Anterior coverage (AC), posterior coverage (PC), lateral centre-edge angle (LCEA), acetabular inclination (AI), sharp angle (SA), pelvic tilt (PT), retroversion index (RI), femoroepiphyseal acetabular roof (FEAR) index, femoroepiphyseal horizontal angle (FEHA), leg length discrepancy (LLD), and pelvic obliquity (PO) were analyzed using both Hip2Norm software and PACS-derived measurements where applicable.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1578 - 1584
1 Dec 2019
Batailler C Weidner J Wyatt M Pfluger D Beck M


A borderline dysplastic hip can behave as either stable or unstable and this makes surgical decision making challenging. While an unstable hip may be best treated by acetabular reorientation, stable hips can be treated arthroscopically. Several imaging parameters can help to identify the appropriate treatment, including the Femoro-Epiphyseal Acetabular Roof (FEAR) index, measured on plain radiographs. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and the sensitivity of FEAR index on MRI compared with its radiological measurement.

Patients and Methods

The technique of measuring the FEAR index on MRI was defined and its reliability validated. A retrospective study assessed three groups of 20 patients: an unstable group of ‘borderline dysplastic hips’ with lateral centre edge angle (LCEA) less than 25° treated successfully by periacetabular osteotomy; a stable group of ‘borderline dysplastic hips’ with LCEA less than 25° treated successfully by impingement surgery; and an asymptomatic control group with LCEA between 25° and 35°. The following measurements were performed on both standardized radiographs and on MRI: LCEA, acetabular index, femoral anteversion, and FEAR index.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 6 | Pages 712 - 719
1 Jun 2018
Batailler C Weidner J Wyatt M Dalmay F Beck M


The primary aim of this study was to define and quantify three new measurements to indicate the position of the greater trochanter. Secondary aims were to define ‘functional antetorsion’ as it relates to abductor function in populations both with and without torsional abnormality.

Patients and Methods

Three new measurements, functional antetorsion, posterior tilt, and posterior translation of the greater trochanter, were assessed from 61 CT scans of cadaveric femurs, and their reliability determined. These measurements and their relationships were also evaluated in three groups of patients: a control group (n = 22), a ‘high-antetorsion’ group (n = 22) and a ‘low-antetorsion’ group (n = 10).

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 2 | Pages 223 - 228
1 Feb 2011
Neumann M Nyffeler R Beck M

Mason type III fractures of the radial head are treated by open reduction and internal fixation, resection or prosthetic joint replacement. When internal fixation is performed, fixation of the radial head to the shaft is difficult and implant-related complications are common. Furthermore, problems of devascularisation of the radial head can result from fixation of the plate to the radial neck.

In a small retrospective study, the treatment of Mason type III fractures with fixation of the radial neck in 13 cases (group 2) was compared with 12 cases where no fixation was performed (group 1). The mean clinical and radiological follow-up was four years (1 to 9). The Broberg-Morrey index showed excellent results in both groups. Degenerative radiological changes were seen more frequently in group 2, and removal of the implant was necessary in seven of 13 cases.

Post-operative evaluation of these two different techniques revealed similar ranges of movement and functional scores. We propose that anatomical reconstruction of the radial head without metalwork fixation to the neck is preferable, and the outcome is the same as that achieved with the conventional technique. In addition degenerative changes of the elbow joint may develop less frequently, and implant removal is not necessary.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1317 - 1324
1 Sep 2010
Solomon LB Lee YC Callary SA Beck M Howie DW

We dissected 20 cadaver hips in order to investigate the anatomy and excursion of the trochanteric muscles in relation to the posterior approach for total hip replacement. String models of each muscle were created and their excursion measured while the femur was moved between its anatomical position and the dislocated position. The position of the hip was determined by computer navigation.

In contrast to previous studies which showed a separate insertion of piriformis and obturator internus, our findings indicated that piriformis inserted onto the superior and anterior margins of the greater trochanter through a conjoint tendon with obturator internus, and had connections to gluteus medius posteriorly. Division of these connections allowed lateral mobilisation of gluteus medius with minimal retraction. Analysis of the excursion of these muscles revealed that positioning the thigh for preparation of the femur through this approach elongated piriformis to a maximum of 182%, obturator internus to 185% and obturator externus to 220% of their resting lengths, which are above the thresholds for rupture of these muscles.

Our findings suggested that gluteus medius may be protected from overstretching by release of its connection with the conjoint tendon. In addition, failure to detach piriformis or the obturators during a posterior approach for total hip replacement could potentially produce damage to these muscles because of over-stretching, obturator externus being the most vulnerable.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 7 | Pages 1012 - 1018
1 Jul 2005
Beck M Kalhor M Leunig M Ganz R

Recently, femoroacetabular impingement has been recognised as a cause of early osteoarthritis. There are two mechanisms of impingement: 1) cam impingement caused by a non-spherical head and 2) pincer impingement caused by excessive acetabular cover. We hypothesised that both mechanisms result in different patterns of articular damage. Of 302 analysed hips only 26 had an isolated cam and 16 an isolated pincer impingement. Cam impingement caused damage to the anterosuperior acetabular cartilage with separation between the labrum and cartilage. During flexion, the cartilage was sheared off the bone by the non-spherical femoral head while the labrum remained untouched. In pincer impingement, the cartilage damage was located circumferentially and included only a narrow strip. During movement the labrum is crushed between the acetabular rim and the femoral neck causing degeneration and ossification.

Both cam and pincer impingement lead to osteoarthritis of the hip. Labral damage indicates ongoing impingement and rarely occurs alone.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 3 | Pages 358 - 363
1 Apr 2000
Beck M Sledge JB Gautier E Dora CF Ganz R

In order to investigate the functional anatomy of gluteus minimus we dissected 16 hips in fresh cadavers. The muscle originates from the external aspect of the ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines, and also at the sciatic notch from the inside of the pelvis where it protects the superior gluteal nerve and artery. It inserts anterosuperiorly into the capsule of the hip and continues to its main insertion on the greater trochanter.

Based on these anatomical findings, a model was developed using plastic bones. A study of its mechanics showed that gluteus minimus acts as a flexor, an abductor and an internal or external rotator, depending on the position of the femur and which part of the muscle is active. It follows that one of its functions is to stabilise the head of the femur in the acetabulum by tightening the capsule and applying pressure on the head. Careful preservation or reattachment of the tendon of gluteus minimus during surgery on the hip is strongly recommended.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 3 | Pages 371 - 380
1 May 1994
Gerber C Schneeberger A Beck M Schlegel U

We have studied the mechanical properties of several current techniques of tendon-to-bone suture employed in rotator-cuff repair. Non-absorbable braided polyester and absorbable polyglactin and polyglycolic acid sutures best combined ultimate tensile strength and stiffness. Polyglyconate and polydioxanone sutures failed only at high loads, but elongated considerably under moderate loads. We then compared the mechanical properties of nine different techniques of tendon grasping, using 159 normal infraspinatus tendons from sheep. The most commonly used simple stitch was mechanically poor: repairs with two or four such stitches failed at 184 N and 208 N respectively. A new modification of the Mason-Allen suture technique improved the ultimate tensile strength to 359 N for two stitches. Finally, we studied the mechanical properties of several methods of anchorage to bone using typically osteoporotic specimens. Single and even double transosseous sutures and suture anchor fixation both failed at low tensile loads (about 140 N). The use of a 2 mm thick, plate-like augmentation device improved the failure strength to 329 N. The mechanical properties of many current repair techniques are poor and can be greatly improved by using good materials, an improved tendon-grasping suture, and augmentation at the bone attachment.