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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 1_Supple_A | Pages 36 - 43
1 Jan 2018
Hambright D Hellman M Barrack R


The aims of this study were to examine the rate at which the positioning of the acetabular component, leg length discrepancy and femoral offset are outside an acceptable range in total hip arthroplasties (THAs) which either do or do not involve the use of intra-operative digital imaging.

Patients and Methods

A retrospective case-control study was undertaken with 50 patients before and 50 patients after the integration of an intra-operative digital imaging system in THA. The demographics of the two groups were comparable for body mass index, age, laterality and the indication for surgery. The digital imaging group had more men than the group without. Surgical data and radiographic parameters, including the inclination and anteversion of the acetabular component, leg length discrepancy, and the difference in femoral offset compared with the contralateral hip were collected and compared, as well as the incidence of altering the position of a component based on the intra-operative image.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1420 - 1430
1 Nov 2017
Azboy I Barrack R Thomas AM Haddad FS Parvizi J

The number of arthroplasties being performed increases each year. Patients undergoing an arthroplasty are at risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and appropriate prophylaxis has been recommended. However, the optimal protocol and the best agent to minimise VTE under these circumstances are not known. Although many agents may be used, there is a difference in their efficacy and the risk of bleeding. Thus, the selection of a particular agent relies on the balance between the desire to minimise VTE and the attempt to reduce the risk of bleeding, with its undesirable, and occasionally fatal, consequences.

Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) is an agent for VTE prophylaxis following arthroplasty. Many studies have shown its efficacy in minimising VTE under these circumstances. It is inexpensive and well-tolerated, and its use does not require routine blood tests. It is also a ‘milder’ agent and unlikely to result in haematoma formation, which may increase both the risk of infection and the need for further surgery. Aspirin is also unlikely to result in persistent wound drainage, which has been shown to be associated with the use of agents such as low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and other more aggressive agents.

The main objective of this review was to summarise the current evidence relating to the efficacy of aspirin as a VTE prophylaxis following arthroplasty, and to address some of the common questions about its use.

There is convincing evidence that, taking all factors into account, aspirin is an effective, inexpensive, and safe form of VTE following arthroplasty in patients without a major risk factor for VTE, such as previous VTE.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:1420–30.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 1 | Pages 68 - 72
1 Jan 1994
Cook S Barrack R Clemow A

We examined 108 uncemented femoral stems with modular femoral heads which had been retrieved for reasons other than loosening. There were detectable amounts of wear and corrosion in 10 of 29 (34.5%) mixed-alloy components and 7 of 79 (9%) single-alloy components after a mean implantation time of 25 months. We found no correlation between the presence or extent of corrosion or surface damage and any of time in situ, initial diagnosis, reason for removal, age, or weight. Stems with wear and corrosion were less likely to show histological bony ingrowth. The interface between the head and stem of modular total hip components is a possible source of ion release and wear debris, but wear and corrosion were totally absent in most specimens. This suggests that this problem could be avoided, and that further research is required to develop manufacturing methods which would minimise such changes.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 5 | Pages 688 - 692
1 Sep 1993
Barrack R Burke D Cook S Skinner H Harris W

We report complications from the use of modular components in 20 hip replacements in 18 patients. Fifteen complications (in 13 patients) were related to failure of a modular interface after operation. Femoral head detachment from its trunnion was seen in 6 hips from trauma (3), reduction of a dislocation (2), and normal activity (1). In one case the base of the trunnion fractured below an extra-long modular head. In seven other hips the modular polyethylene liner dislodged from its shell, causing severe damage to the shell in four cases with extensive metallosis. In one other hip an asymmetrical polyethylene liner rotated, resulting in impingement of the femoral component and recurrent dislocation. Operative errors were seen in five cases: implantation of a trial acetabular component in one; and mismatching between the size of the femoral head and the acetabular component in the others. Surgeons who use hip replacements with modular components should be aware of the potential for operative error and of the importance of early treatment for postoperative mechanical failure.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 4 | Pages 507 - 510
1 Jul 1992
Barrack R Jasty M Bragdon C Haire T Harris W

Six porous-coated, uncemented femoral components were revised at a mean of 34.5 months for persistent thigh pain. At operation the stems were rigidly stable, difficult to extract, and showed good bony ingrowth. The four men and two women, with an average age of 59 years, all had thigh pain starting within the first year, progressive over time and unresponsive to conservative measures. These cases show that rigid fixation with good bony ingrowth does not guarantee the clinical success of a porous-coated uncemented femoral stem.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 3 | Pages 385 - 389
1 May 1992
Barrack R Mulroy R Harris W

To assess the effect of improved methods of femoral cementing on the loosening rates in young patients, we reviewed 50 'second-generation' cemented hip arthroplasties in 44 patients aged 50 years or less. The femoral stems were all collared and rectangular in cross-section with rounded corners. The cement was delivered by a gun into a medullary canal occluded distally with a cement plug. A clinical and radiographic review was undertaken at an average of 12 years (10 to 14.8) and no patient was lost to follow-up. No femoral component was revised for aseptic loosening, and only one stem was definitely loose by radiographic criteria. By contrast, 11 patients had undergone revision for symptomatic aseptic loosening of the acetabular component and 11 more had radiographic signs of acetabular loosening.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 72-B, Issue 4 | Pages 622 - 624
1 Jul 1990
Barrack R Buckley S Bruckner J Kneisl J Alexander A

A study was undertaken to determine whether a significantly different clinical outcome could be expected following nonoperative treatment of acute partial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears from that of complete tears. A detailed follow-up of 107 patients with arthroscopically confirmed tears was obtained; 72 were complete tears and 35 partial. The overall results in those with partial tears were 23% excellent, 29% good, 17% fair, and 31% poor; with complete tears the results were 11% excellent, 20% good, 15% fair, and 54% poor. The patients with partial tears had a lower incidence of associated meniscal tears, needed fewer reconstructions and more of them returned to sport than those with complete tears.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 5 | Pages 714 - 718
1 Nov 1986
Wyatt M Barrack R Mubarak S Whitecloud T Burke S

Recent clinical studies have suggested that a neurological lesion may be a cause of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and animal experiments have implicated the posterior column pathway. We have tried to determine if differences in neurological response could be detected and measured clinically, and have compared the threshold of detection of vibratory sensation in 20 girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with that in 20 clinically normal age-matched controls. A highly significant reduction of the threshold of detection of vibration was seen in the scoliotic group compared to the controls (p less than 0.001). Curve magnitude did not correlate with this threshold for either the upper (r = 0.172) or lower extremity (r = 0.126). Significant asymmetry between right- and left-sided thresholds to vibration was demonstrated in the scoliotic group. Our study supports the concept that an aberration in the function of the posterior column pathway of the cord may be of primary importance in the aetiology of idiopathic scoliosis. A clinically practical test to measure this function is presented.