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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 106-B, Issue 5 Supple B | Pages 133 - 138
1 May 2024
Peuchot H Jacquet C Fabre-Aubrespy M Ferguson D Ollivier M Flecher X Argenson J


Dual-mobility acetabular components (DMCs) have improved total hip arthroplasty (THA) stability in femoral neck fractures (FNFs). In osteoarthritis, the direct anterior approach (DAA) has been promoted for improving early functional results compared with the posterolateral approach (PLA). The aim of this study was to compare these two approaches in FNF using DMC-THA.


A prospective continuous cohort study was conducted on patients undergoing operation for FNF using DMC by DAA or PLA. Functional outcome was evaluated using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and Parker score at three months and one year. Perioperative complications were recorded, and radiological component positioning evaluated.

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 3, Issue 6 | Pages 485 - 494
13 Jun 2022
Jaubert M Le Baron M Jacquet C Couvreur A Fabre-Aubrespy M Flecher X Ollivier M Argenson J


Two-stage exchange revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed in case of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) has been considered for many years as being the gold standard for the treatment of chronic infection. However, over the past decade, there have been concerns about its safety and its effectiveness. The purposes of our study were to investigate our practice, collecting the overall spacer complications, and then to analyze their risk factors.


We retrospectively included 125 patients with chronic hip PJI who underwent a staged THA revision performed between January 2013 and December 2019. All spacer complications were systematically collected, and risk factors were analyzed. Statistical evaluations were performed using the Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Fisher's exact test.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 6 Supple A | Pages 158 - 162
1 Jun 2020
Griseti Q Jacquet C Sautet P Abdel MP Parratte S Ollivier M Argenson J


The aim of this study was to compare the ability of tantalum, 3D porous titanium, antibiotic-loaded bone cement, and smooth titanium alloy to inhibit staphylococci in an in vitro environment, based on the evaluation of the zone of inhibition (ZOI). The hypothesis was that there would be no significant difference in the inhibition of methicillin-sensitive or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA/MRSA) between the two groups.


A total of 30 beads made of three different materials (tantalum/3D porous titanium and smooth titanium alloy) were bathed for one hour in a solution of 1 g vancomycin in 20 ml of sterile water for injection (bath concentration: 50 mg/mL). Ten 1 cm3 cylinders of antibiotic-loaded cement were also created by mixing standard surgical cement with 1 g of vancomycin in standardized sterile moulds. The cylinders were then placed on agar plates inoculated with MSSA and MRSA. The ZOIs were measured each day and the cylinders were transferred onto a new inoculated plate.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 7 | Pages 848 - 851
1 Jul 2019
Sautet P Parratte S Mékidèche T Abdel MP Flécher X Argenson J Ollivier M


The aims of this study were to compare the mean duration of antibiotic release and the mean zone of inhibition between vancomycin-loaded porous tantalum cylinders and antibiotic-loaded bone cement at intervals, and to evaluate potential intrinsic antimicrobial properties of tantalum in an in vitro medium environment against methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA).

Materials and Methods

Ten porous tantalum cylinders and ten cylinders of cement were used. The tantalum cylinders were impregnated with vancomycin, which was also added during preparation of the cylinders of cement. The cylinders were then placed on agar plates inoculated with MSSA. The diameter of the inhibition zone was measured each day, and the cylinders were transferred to a new inoculated plate. Inhibition zones were measured with a Vernier caliper and using an automated computed evaluation, and the intra- and interobserver reproducibility were measured. The mean inhibition zones between the two groups were compared with Wilcoxon’s test.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 7 | Pages 839 - 844
1 Jul 2018
Ollivier M Laumonerie P LiArno S Faizan A Cavaignac E Argenson J


In patients where the proximal femur shows gross deformity due to degenerative changes or fracture, the contralateral femur is often used to perform preoperative templating for hip arthroplasty. However, femurs may not be symmetrical: the aim of this study was to determine the degree of variation between hips in healthy individuals and to determine whether it is affected by demographic parameters.

Materials and Methods

CT-scan based modelling was used to examine the pelvis and bilateral femurs of 345 patients (211 males, 134 women; mean age 62 years (standard deviation (sd) 17), mean body mass index 27 kg/m2 (sd 5)) representing a range of ethnicities. The femoral neck-shaft angle (NSA), femoral offset (FO), femoral neck version (FNV), femoral length (FL), femoral canal flare index (fCFI), and femoral head radius (FHr) were then determined for each patient. All measurements were constructed using algorithm-calculated landmarks, resulting in reproducible and consistent constructs for each specimen. We then analyzed femoral symmetry based on absolute differences (AD) and percentage asymmetry (%AS) following a previously validated method.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 10_Supple_A | Pages 9 - 15
1 Oct 2015
Parratte S Ollivier M Lunebourg A Abdel MP Argenson J

Partial knee arthroplasty (PKA), either medial or lateral unicompartmental knee artroplasty (UKA) or patellofemoral arthroplasty (PFA) are a good option in suitable patients and have the advantages of reduced operative trauma, preservation of both cruciate ligaments and bone stock, and restoration of normal kinematics within the knee joint. However, questions remain concerning long-term survival. The goal of this review article was to present the long-term results of medial and lateral UKA, PFA and combined compartmental arthroplasty for multicompartmental disease. Medium- and long-term studies suggest reasonable outcomes at ten years with survival greater than 95% in UKA performed for medial osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis, and similarly for lateral UKA, particularly when fixed-bearing implants are used. Disappointing long-term outcomes have been observed with the first generation of patellofemoral implants, as well as early Bi-Uni (ie, combined medial and lateral UKA) or Bicompartmental (combined UKA and PFA) implants due to design and fixation issues. Promising short- and med-term results with the newer generations of PFAs and bicompartmental arthroplasties will require long-term confirmation.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B(10 Suppl A):9–15.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 5 | Pages 609 - 614
1 May 2012
Flecher X Blanc G Sainsous B Parratte S Argenson J

We describe the results of 81 consecutive revision total hip replacements with impaction grafting in 79 patients using a collared polished chrome–cobalt stem, customised in length according to the extent of distal bone loss. Our hypothesis was that the features of this stem would reduce the rate of femoral fracture and subsidence of the stem.

The mean follow-up was 12 years (8 to 15). No intra-operative fracture or significant subsidence occurred. Only one patient suffered a post-operative diaphyseal fracture, which was associated with a fall. All but one femur showed incorporation of the graft. No revision for aseptic loosening was recorded.

The rate of survival of the femoral component at 12 years, using further femoral revision as the endpoint, was 100% (95% confidence interval (CI) 95.9 to 100), and at nine years using re-operation for any reason as the endpoint, was 94.6% (95% CI 92.0 to 97.2).

These results suggest that a customised cemented polished stem individually adapted to the extent of bone loss and with a collar may reduce subsidence and the rate of fracture while maintaining the durability of the fixation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1586 - 1591
1 Dec 2007
Flecher X Parratte S Aubaniac J Argenson J

A clinical and radiological study was conducted on 97 total hip replacements performed for congenital hip dislocation in 79 patients between 1989 and 1998 using a three-dimensional custom-made cementless stem. The mean age at operation was 48 years (17 to 72) and the mean follow-up was for 123 months (83 to 182).

According to the Crowe classification, there were 37 class I, 28 class II, 13 class III and 19 class IV hips. The mean leg lengthening was 25 mm (5 to 58), the mean pre-operative femoral anteversion was 38.6° (2° to 86°) and the mean correction in the prosthetic neck was −23.6° (−71° to 13°). The mean Harris hip score improved from 58 (15 to 84) to 93 (40 to 100) points. A revision was required in six hips (6.2%). The overall survival rate was 89.5% (95% confidence interval 89.2 to 89.8) at 13 years when two hips were at risk.

This custom-made cementless femoral component, which can be accommodated in the abnormal proximal femur and will correct the anteversion and frontal offset, provided good results without recourse to proximal femoral corrective osteotomy.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1192 - 1196
1 Sep 2005
Argenson J Ryembault E Flecher X Brassart N Parratte S Aubaniac J

Using radiography and computer tomography (CT) we studied the morphology of 83 hips in 69 Caucasian adults with osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). A previously published series of 310 hips with primary osteoarthritis was used as a control group. According to the Crowe classification, 33 of the dysplastic hips were graded as class I, 27 as class II and 23 as class III or class IV.

The intramedullary femoral canal had reduced mediolateral and anteroposterior dimensions in all groups compared with the control group. Only in Crowe class II hips was the femoral neck-shaft angle increased. The proximal femur had more anteversion in all the developmental dysplasia of the hip groups, ranging from 2° to 80°. Templated measurement of acetabular dimensions for plain radiography closely matched measurements taken by CT.

The results of our study confirm the observations previously confined to the Japanese population.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 2 | Pages 228 - 232
1 Mar 1992
Argenson J O'Connor J

We recovered 23 meniscal bearings from 18 failed bicompartmental Oxford knee prostheses. They had been implanted for one to nine years. The minimum thickness of the retrieved bearings was measured and compared with the thickness of 25 unused bearings. The mean penetration rate, calculated by two methods, was either 0.043 or 0.026 mm per annum. This compares with 0.19 mm per annum reported for the Charnley hip. The use of a fully congruous meniscal bearing prosthesis can reduce wear in knee arthroplasty to a very low rate.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 1 | Pages 28 - 32
1 Jan 1992
Rubin P Leyvraz P Aubaniac J Argenson J Esteve P de Roguin B

Biological fixation of cementless femoral implants requires primary stability by optimal fit in the proximal femur. The anatomy of the bone must then be known precisely. We analysed in vitro the accuracy of bone measurements of 32 femurs and compared the dimensions obtained from radiographs and CT scans with the true anatomical dimensions. Standard radiographs gave only a rough approximation of femoral geometry (mean difference: 2.4 +/- 1.4 mm) insufficiently accurate to allow selection of the best fitting prosthesis from a range of sizes and altogether inadequate to design a custom-made prosthesis. CT scans give greater accuracy (mean difference: 0.8 +/- 0.7 mm) in our experimental conditions, but in clinical practice additional sources of error exist.