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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 13, Issue 1 | Pages 19 - 27
5 Jan 2024
Baertl S Rupp M Kerschbaum M Morgenstern M Baumann F Pfeifer C Worlicek M Popp D Amanatullah DF Alt V

Aims

This study aimed to evaluate the clinical application of the PJI-TNM classification for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) by determining intraobserver and interobserver reliability. To facilitate its use in clinical practice, an educational app was subsequently developed and evaluated.

Methods

A total of ten orthopaedic surgeons classified 20 cases of PJI based on the PJI-TNM classification. Subsequently, the classification was re-evaluated using the PJI-TNM app. Classification accuracy was calculated separately for each subcategory (reinfection, tissue and implant condition, non-human cells, and morbidity of the patient). Fleiss’ kappa and Cohen’s kappa were calculated for interobserver and intraobserver reliability, respectively.


Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 4, Issue 10 | Pages 801 - 807
23 Oct 2023
Walter N Szymski D Kurtz SM Lowenberg DW Alt V Lau EC Rupp M

Aims

This work aimed at answering the following research questions: 1) What is the rate of mechanical complications, nonunion and infection for head/neck femoral fractures, intertrochanteric fractures, and subtrochanteric fractures in the elderly USA population? and 2) Which factors influence adverse outcomes?

Methods

Proximal femoral fractures occurred between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2019 were identified from the Medicare Physician Service Records Data Base. The Kaplan-Meier method with Fine and Gray sub-distribution adaptation was used to determine rates for nonunion, infection, and mechanical complications. Semiparametric Cox regression model was applied incorporating 23 measures as covariates to identify risk factors.


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 12, Issue 5 | Pages 331 - 338
16 May 2023
Szymski D Walter N Krull P Melsheimer O Grimberg A Alt V Steinbrueck A Rupp M

Aims

The aim of this investigation was to compare risk of infection in both cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty (HA) as well as in total hip arthroplasty (THA) following femoral neck fracture.

Methods

Data collection was performed using the German Arthroplasty Registry (EPRD). In HA and THA following femoral neck fracture, fixation method was divided into cemented and uncemented prostheses and paired according to age, sex, BMI, and the Elixhauser Comorbidity Index using Mahalanobis distance matching.


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 12, Issue 2 | Pages 103 - 112
1 Feb 2023
Walter N Szymski D Kurtz SM Lowenberg DW Alt V Lau E Rupp M

Aims

The optimal choice of management for proximal humerus fractures (PHFs) has been increasingly discussed in the literature, and this work aimed to answer the following questions: 1) what are the incidence rates of PHF in the geriatric population in the USA; 2) what is the mortality rate after PHF in the elderly population, specifically for distinct treatment procedures; and 3) what factors influence the mortality rate?

Methods

PHFs occurring between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2019 were identified from the Medicare physician service records. Incidence rates were determined, mortality rates were calculated, and semiparametric Cox regression was applied, incorporating 23 demographic, clinical, and socioeconomic covariates, to compare the mortality risk between treatments.


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 11, Issue 8 | Pages 541 - 547
17 Aug 2022
Walter N Hierl K Brochhausen C Alt V Rupp M

Aims

This observational cross-sectional study aimed to answer the following questions: 1) how has nonunion incidence developed from 2009 to 2019 in a nationwide cohort; 2) what is the age and sex distribution of nonunions for distinct anatomical nonunion localizations; and 3) how high were the costs for surgical nonunion treatment in a level 1 trauma centre in Germany?

Methods

Data consisting of annual International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 diagnosis codes from German medical institutions from 2009 to 2019, provided by the Federal Statistical Office of Germany (Destatis), were analyzed. Nonunion incidence was calculated for anatomical localization, sex, and age groups. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were determined and compared with a two-sample z-test. Diagnosis-related group (DRG)-reimbursement and length of hospital stay were retrospectively retrieved for each anatomical localization, considering 210 patients.


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 11, Issue 5 | Pages 327 - 341
23 May 2022
Alagboso FI Mannala GK Walter N Docheva D Brochhausen C Alt V Rupp M

Aims

Bone regeneration during treatment of staphylococcal bone infection is challenging due to the ability of Staphylococcus aureus to invade and persist within osteoblasts. Here, we sought to determine whether the metabolic and extracellular organic matrix formation and mineralization ability of S. aureus-infected human osteoblasts can be restored after rifampicin (RMP) therapy.

Methods

The human osteoblast-like Saos-2 cells infected with S. aureus EDCC 5055 strain and treated with 8 µg/ml RMP underwent osteogenic stimulation for up to 21 days. Test groups were Saos-2 cells + S. aureus and Saos-2 cells + S. aureus + 8 µg/ml RMP, and control groups were uninfected untreated Saos-2 cells and uninfected Saos-2 cells + 8 µg/ml RMP.


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 11, Issue 1 | Pages 8 - 9
7 Jan 2022
Walter N Rupp M Baertl S Ziarko TP Hitzenbichler F Geis S Brochhausen C Alt V


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 11, Issue 1 | Pages 6 - 7
3 Jan 2022
Walter N Rupp M Baertl S Alt V


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 10, Issue 11 | Pages 742 - 743
1 Nov 2021
Rupp M Walter N Baertl S Lang S Lowenberg DW Alt V


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 10, Issue 6 | Pages 351 - 353
1 Jun 2021
Baertl S Metsemakers W Morgenstern M Alt V Richards RG Moriarty TF Young K


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 10, Issue 5 | Pages 321 - 327
3 May 2021
Walter N Rupp M Hierl K Pfeifer C Kerschbaum M Hinterberger T Alt V

Aims

We aimed to evaluate the long-term impact of fracture-related infection (FRI) on patients’ physical health and psychological wellbeing. For this purpose, quality of life after successful surgical treatment of FRIs of long bones was assessed.

Methods

A total of 37 patients treated between November 2009 and March 2019, with achieved eradication of infection and stable bone consolidation after long bone FRI, were included. Quality of life was evaluated with the EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) and German Short-Form 36 (SF-36) outcome instruments as well as with an International Classification of Diseases of the World Health Organization (ICD)-10 based symptom rating (ISR) and compared to normative data.


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 9, Issue 2 | Pages 79 - 81
1 Feb 2020
Alt V Rupp M Langer M Baumann F Trampuz A

Cite this article: Bone Joint Res. 2020;9(2):79–81.


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 9, Issue 2 | Pages 77 - 78
1 Feb 2020
Alt V Rupp M Langer M Baumann F Trampuz A

Cite this article: Bone Joint Res. 2020;9(2):77–78.


Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 8, Issue 8 | Pages 387 - 396
1 Aug 2019
Alt V Rupp M Lemberger K Bechert T Konradt T Steinrücke P Schnettler R Söder S Ascherl R

Objectives

Preclinical data showed poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) loaded with microsilver to be effective against a variety of bacteria. The purpose of this study was to assess patient safety of PMMA spacers with microsilver in prosthetic hip infections in a prospective cohort study.

Methods

A total of 12 patients with prosthetic hip infections were included for a three-stage revision procedure. All patients received either a gentamicin-PMMA spacer (80 g to 160 g PMMA depending on hip joint dimension) with additional loading of 1% (w/w) of microsilver (0.8 g to 1.6 g per spacer) at surgery 1 followed by a gentamicin-PMMA spacer without microsilver at surgery 2 or vice versa. Implantation of the revision prosthesis was carried out at surgery 3.