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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 106-B, Issue 4 | Pages 401 - 411
1 Apr 2024
Carrothers A O'Leary R Hull P Chou D Alsousou J Queally J Bond SJ Costa ML


To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that compares three treatments for acetabular fractures in older patients: surgical fixation, surgical fixation and hip arthroplasty (fix-and-replace), and non-surgical treatment.


Patients were recruited from seven UK NHS centres and randomized to a three-arm pilot trial if aged older than 60 years and had a displaced acetabular fracture. Feasibility outcomes included patients’ willingness to participate, clinicians’ capability to recruit, and dropout rates. The primary clinical outcome measure was the EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) at six months. Secondary outcomes were Oxford Hip Score, Disability Rating Index, blood loss, and radiological and mobility assessments.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 104-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1256 - 1265
1 Nov 2022
Keene DJ Alsousou J Harrison P O’Connor HM Wagland S Dutton SJ Hulley P Lamb SE Willett K


To determine whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection improves outcomes two years after acute Achilles tendon rupture.


A randomized multicentre two-arm parallel-group, participant- and assessor-blinded superiority trial was undertaken. Recruitment commenced on 28 July 2015 and two-year follow-up was completed in 21 October 2019. Participants were 230 adults aged 18 years and over, with acute Achilles tendon rupture managed with non-surgical treatment from 19 UK hospitals. Exclusions were insertion or musculotendinous junction injuries, major leg injury or deformity, diabetes, platelet or haematological disorder, medication with systemic corticosteroids, anticoagulation therapy treatment, and other contraindicating conditions. Participants were randomized via a central online system 1:1 to PRP or placebo injection. The main outcome measure was Achilles Tendon Rupture Score (ATRS) at two years via postal questionnaire. Other outcomes were pain, recovery goal attainment, and quality of life. Analysis was by intention-to-treat.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 6 | Pages 1173 - 1173
1 Jun 2021
Alsousou J Oragui E Martin A Strickland L Newman S Kendrick B Taylor A Glyn-Jones S

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 4 | Pages 644 - 649
1 Apr 2021
Alsousou J Oragu E Martin A Strickland L Newman S Kendrick B Taylor A Glyn-Jones S


The aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the early migration of the TriFit cementless proximally coated tapered femoral stem using radiostereometric analysis (RSA).


A total of 21 patients (eight men and 13 women) undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis of the hip were recruited in this study and followed up for two years. Two patients were lost to follow-up. All patients received a TriFit stem and Trinity Cup with a vitamin E-infused highly cross-linked ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene liner. Radiographs for RSA were taken postoperatively and then at three, 12, and 24 months. Oxford Hip Score (OHS), EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D), and adverse events were reported.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1714 - 1720
1 Dec 2013
Hamilton TW Hutchings L Alsousou J Tutton E Hodson E Smith CH Wakefield J Gray B Symonds S Willett K

We investigated whether, in the management of stable paediatric fractures of the forearm, flexible casts that can be removed at home are as clinically effective, cost-effective and acceptable to both patient and parent as management using a cast conventionally removed in hospital. A single-centre randomised controlled trial was performed on 317 children with a mean age of 9.3 years (2 to 16). No significant differences were seen in the change in Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire index score (p = 0.10) or EuroQol 5-Dimensions domain scores between the two groups one week after removal of the cast or the absolute scores at six months. There was a significantly lower overall median treatment cost in the group whose casts were removed at home (£150.88 (sem 1.90) vs £251.62 (sem 2.68); p <  0.001). No difference was seen in satisfaction between the two groups (p = 0.48).

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1714–20.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1669 - 1677
1 Dec 2010
Thakar C Alsousou J Hamilton TW Willett K

We evaluated the cost and consequences of proximal femoral fractures requiring further surgery because of complications. The data were collected prospectively in a standard manner from all patients with a proximal femoral fracture presenting to the trauma unit at the John Radcliffe Hospital over a five-year period. The total cost of treatment for each patient was calculated by separating it into its various components. The risk factors for the complications that arose, the location of their discharge and the mortality rates for these patients were compared to those of a matched control group. There were 2360 proximal femoral fractures in 2257 patients, of which 144 (6.1%) required further surgery. The mean cost of treatment in patients with complications was £18 709 (£2606.30 to £60.827.10), compared with £8610 (£918.54 to £45 601.30) for uncomplicated cases (p < 0.01), with a mean length of stay of 62.8 (44.5 to 79.3) and 32.7 (23.8 to 35.0) days, respectively. The probability of mortality after one month in these cases was significantly higher than in the control group, with a mean survival of 209 days, compared with 496 days for the controls. Patients with complications were statistically less likely to return to their own home (p < 0.01).

Greater awareness and understanding are required to minimise the complications of proximal femoral fractures and consequently their cost.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 8 | Pages 987 - 996
1 Aug 2009
Alsousou J Thompson M Hulley P Noble A Willett K

Although mechanical stabilisation has been a hallmark of orthopaedic surgical management, orthobiologics are now playing an increasing role. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a volume of plasma fraction of autologous blood having platelet concentrations above baseline. The platelet α granules are rich in growth factors that play an essential role in tissue healing, such as transforming growth factor-β, vascular endothelial growth factor, and platelet-derived growth factor. PRP is used in various surgical fields to enhance bone and soft-tissue healing by placing supraphysiological concentrations of autologous platelets at the site of tissue damage. The easily obtainable PRP and its possible beneficial outcome hold promise for new regenerative treatment approaches.

The aim of this literature review was to describe the bioactivities of PRP, to elucidate the different techniques for PRP preparation, to review animal and human studies, to evaluate the evidence regarding the use of PRP in trauma and orthopaedic surgery, to clarify risks, and to provide guidance for future research.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 4 | Pages 530 - 532
1 Apr 2009
Sen D Alsousou J Fraser J

We describe a technique to salvage a painful hemiarthroplasty due to erosion of the acetabular cartilage in the absence of loosening of the femoral component. A press-fit metallic acetabular component which matched the femoral component was used as a metal-on-metal articulation. The procedure offered a shorter operation time with less blood loss and no risk of femoral fracture as might have occurred during conventional revision to a total hip replacement. The patient made an unremarkable recovery with a good outcome at follow-up of 15 months.