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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1339 - 1344
1 Aug 2021
Jain S Mohrir G Townsend O Lamb JN Palan J Aderinto J Pandit H


This aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Unified Classification System (UCS) for postoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFFs) around cemented polished taper-slip (PTS) stems.


Radiographs of 71 patients with a PFF admitted consecutively at two centres between 25 February 2012 and 19 May 2020 were collated by an independent investigator. Six observers (three hip consultants and three trainees) were familiarized with the UCS. Each PFF was classified on two separate occasions, with a mean time between assessments of 22.7 days (16 to 29). Interobserver reliability for more than two observers was assessed using percentage agreement and Fleiss’ kappa statistic. Intraobserver reliability between two observers was calculated with Cohen kappa statistic. Validity was tested on surgically managed UCS type B PFFs where stem stability was documented in operation notes (n = 50). Validity was assessed using percentage agreement and Cohen kappa statistic between radiological assessment and intraoperative findings. Kappa statistics were interpreted using Landis and Koch criteria. All six observers were blinded to operation notes and postoperative radiographs.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 11_Supple_A | Pages 36 - 41
1 Nov 2012
Aderinto J Lulu OB Backstein DJ Safir O Gross AE

Eighteen hip fusions were converted to total hip replacements. A constrained acetabular liner was used in three hips. Mean follow up was five years (two to 15). Two (11%) hips failed, requiring revision surgery and two patients (11%) had injury to the peroneal nerve. Heterotopic ossification developed in seven (39%) hips, in one case resulting in joint ankylosis. No hips dislocated.

Conversion of hip fusion to hip replacement carries an increased risk of heterotopic ossification and neurological injury. We advise prophylaxis against heterotropic ossification. When there is concern about hip stability we suggest that the use of a constrained acetabular liner is considered. Despite the potential for complications, this procedure had a high success rate and was effective in restoring hip function.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 6 | Pages 811 - 816
1 Jun 2011
Duckworth AD Bennet SJ Aderinto J Keating JF

The aim of this study was to determine the comorbid risk factors for failure in young patients who undergo fixation of a displaced fracture of the femoral neck. We identified from a prospective database all such patients ≤ 60 years of age treated with reduction and internal fixation. The main outcome measures were union, failure of fixation, nonunion and the development of avascular necrosis.

There were 122 patients in the study. Union occurred in 83 patients (68%) at a mean follow-up of 58 months (18 to 155). Complications occurred in 39 patients (32%) at a mean of 11 months (0.5 to 39). The rate of nonunion was 7.4% (n = 9) and of avascular necrosis was 11.5% (n = 14). Failures were more common in patients over 40 years of age (p = 0.03). Univariate analysis identified that delay in time to fixation (> 24 hours), alcohol excess and pre-existing renal, liver or respiratory disease were all predictive of failure (all p < 0.05). Of these, alcohol excess, renal disease and respiratory disease were most predictive of failure on multivariate analysis.

Younger patients with fractures of the femoral neck should be carefully evaluated for comorbidities that increase the risk of failure after reduction and fixation. In patients with a history of alcohol abuse, renal or respiratory disease, arthroplasty should be considered as an alternative treatment.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 5 | Pages 638 - 642
1 May 2008
Aderinto J Keating JF

We reviewed 27 diabetic patients who sustained a tibial fracture treated with a reamed intramedullary nail and compared them with a control group who did not have diabetes. There were 23 closed fractures and four were open. Union was delayed until after six months in 12 of the 23 (52%) diabetic patients with closed fractures and ten of the 23 (43%) control patients (p = 0.768). In two patients with diabetes (9%), closed tibial fractures failed to unite and required exchange nailing, whereas all closed fractures in the control group healed without further surgery (p = 0.489). In both the diabetic and control groups with closed fractures two patients (9%) developed superficial infections. There were two (9%) deep infections in diabetic patients with closed fractures, but none in the control group (p = 0.489).

Overall, there was no significant difference in the rate of complications between the diabetic patients and the control group, but there was a tendency for more severe infections in patients with diabetes.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 7 | Pages 934 - 936
1 Jul 2005
Aderinto J Brenkel IJ Chan P

We investigated fixed flexion deformity (FFD) after total knee replacement (TKR). Data relating to 369 cruciate-retaining unilateral TKRs performed at a single institution were collected prospectively. Fixed flexion was measured pre-operatively and at one week, six months, 18 months, three years and five years after surgery.

Using binary logistic regression, pre-operative FFD was a predictor of post-operative FFD > 10° at one week (p = 0.006) and six months (p = 0.003) following surgery. Gender was a predictor at one week (p = 0.0073) with 24% of women showing a FFD > 10° compared with 37% of men.

We have shown that a gradual improvement in knee extension can be expected up to three years after surgery in knees with FFD. By this time residual FFD is mild or absent in the majority of patients, including those who had a severe pre-operative FFD.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 7 | Pages 970 - 973
1 Sep 2004
Aderinto J Brenkel IJ

We have reviewed prospective data on 1016 patients who underwent unilateral total hip replacement to establish the pre-operative risk factors associated with peri-operative blood transfusion. Most patients who required transfusion were older and were of lower weight, height, pre-operative haemoglobin level and body mass index than patients who were not transfused.

Multivariate analysis revealed that only the pre-operative haemoglobin level and the patients weight were identified as significant independent factors increasing the need for transfusion (p < 0.001). A haemoglobin level below 12 g/dl was associated with a threefold increase in transfusion requirement.