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British Orthopaedic Research Society (BORS)


Great interest in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) for medial osteoarthritis has rapidly increased following the introduction of minimally invasive UKA (MI-UKA). This approach preserves the normal anatomy of knee, causes less damage to extensor mechanism and results in a more rapid post-operative recovery. However, experience with this approach is limited in China. The aim of this report was to determine the short-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of MI-UKA in the Chinese, and to identify any features that are unique to this population. Fifty two knees, in forty-eight patients, with medial compartmental osteoarthritis treated by MI-UKA via C-arm intensifier guide (CAIG) from May 2005 to January 2009 were reviewed. Pain and range of motion (ROM) was assessed using the HSS scoring system before and after surgery. Pre- and postoperative alignment of the lower limbs was measured and compared. The mean follow up time was 24 months (12-42 months). In all cases the pain over medial compartment of the knees was relieved or subsided. The post-operative ROM was 0-136 degree (mean 122degree), and the mean alignment was 2degree varus (0- 7degree varus). The HSS score increased from 72(61-82) to 92(72-95). 93% of the postoperative scores were good or excellent. Interestingly, the distribution of femoral component sizes of these patients was XS 2%, Small 83%, Medium 15%, Large 0%, XL 0%; whereas tibial component size was AA 27%, A 55%, B 15%, C 3%, D 0%, E 0%, and F 0%. The optimal fitted match between tibial and femoral size was: tibia AA and A with XS and small femur, tibia B and C with medium femur. The estimated match was: tibia D and E with large femur, tibia F with XL femur. In contrast to the Oxford report, the sizes of these components are smaller and not in correlation with the height, weight and BMI of the patients. We conclude that MI-UKA is an effective method for treating medial compartmental osteoarthritis of the knee in the Chinese population. CAIG is a feasibly intraoperative measure to predict femoral component sizes. However, component sizes and combinations are different from the Oxford guideline.