header advert
Orthopaedic Proceedings Logo

Receive monthly Table of Contents alerts from Orthopaedic Proceedings

Comprehensive article alerts can be set up and managed through your account settings

View my account settings

Visit Orthopaedic Proceedings at:



Full Access



British Orthopaedic Research Society (BORS)



Antibiotic loaded bone cement spacers are used as an adjunct to treatment in 2-stage arthroplasty revisions. If release of the correct choice of antimicrobials is optimised, systemic therapy might be curtailed and emergence of resistance minimised. Aims: To determine the elution period of antimicrobials from bone cement with and without a copolymer, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and to limit resistance development by the use of two or more antimicrobials.


Triclosan, gentamicin and clindamycin with and without (PVP) in CMW bone cement, was tested against six bacteria using serial plate transfer.


While there was little difference between clindamycin and clindamycin with PVP, and between gentamicin and gentamicin with PVP, there was marked enhancement of release of triclosan with PVP. Resistance developed when antimicrobials were used singly but not when used in combination.


The addition of water soluble PVP was expected to enhance elution of antimicrobials from bone cement. This occurred with triclosan, a poorly water-soluble agent, but there was no significant difference for gentamicin and clindamycin, which as preferentially water -soluble. Other copolymers are being explored in an attempt to enhance their release. Triclosan used in combination extended the duration of activity against the test bacteria without development of resistance. Combinations of antimicrobials reduce the risk of paradoxical resistance in bone cement.