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General Orthopaedics


The Canadian Orthopaedic Association (COA) and Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society (CORS) Annual General Meeting, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, 8–11 June 2022. Part 2 of 2.


Arthroscopic hip procedures have increased dramatically over the last decade as equipment and techniques have improved. Patients who require hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement on occasion require surgery on the contralateral hip. Previous studies have found that younger age of presentation and lower Charlson comorbidity index have higher risk for requiring surgery on the contralateral hip but have not found correlation to anatomic variables. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the factors that predispose a patient to requiring subsequent hip arthroscopy on the contralateral hip.

This is an IRB-approved, single surgeon retrospective cohort study from an academic, tertiary referral centre. A chart review was conducted on 310 primary hip arthroscopy procedures from 2009-2020. We identified 62 cases that went on to have a hip arthroscopy on the contralateral side. The bilateral hip arthroscopy cohort was compared to unilateral cohort for sex, age, BMI, pre-op alpha angle and centre edge angle measured on AP pelvis XRay, femoral torsion, traction time, skin to skin time, Tonnis grade, intra-op labral or chondral defect. A p-value <0.05 was deemed significant.

Of the 62 patients that required contralateral hip arthroscopy, the average age was 32.7 compared with 37.8 in the unilateral cohort (p = 0.01) and BMI was lower in the bilateral cohort (26.2) compared to the unilateral cohort (27.6) (p=0.04). The average alpha angle was 76.30 in the bilateral compared to 660 in the unilateral cohort (p = 0.01). Skin to skin time was longer in cases in which a contralateral surgery was performed (106.3 mins vs 86.4 mins) (p=0.01). Interestingly, 50 male patients required contralateral hip arthroscopy compared to 12 female patients (p=0.01). No other variables were statistically significant.

In conclusion, this study does re-enforce existing literature by stating that younger patients are more likely to require contralateral hip arthroscopy. This may be due to the fact that these patients require increased range of motion from the hip joint to perform activities such as sports where as older patients may not need the same amount of range of motion to perform their activities. Significantly higher alpha angles were noted in patients requiring contralateral hip arthroscopy, which has not been shown in previous literature. This helps to explain that larger CAM deformities will likely require contralateral hip arthroscopy because these patients likely impinge more during simple activities of daily living. Contralateral hip arthroscopy is also more common in male patients who typically have a larger CAM deformity. In summary, this study will help to risk stratify patients who will likely require contralateral hip arthroscopy and should be a discussion point during pre-operative counseling. That offering early subsequent or simultaneous hip arthroscopy in young male patients with large CAMs should be offered when symptoms are mild.