The purpose of this study is to report the overall infection control rate and prognostic factors associated with acute, hematogenous and chronic PJIs treated with DAIR.
All DAIR procedures performed at 2 institutions from 2009 to 2018 (n=104) were reviewed and numerous data were recorded, including demographics, preoperative laboratory tests, Charleston Comorbidity Index, surgical information and organism culture results. Treatment success was defined according to the criteria reported by Diaz-Ledezma. A multivariable analysis was utilized to identify prognostic factors associated with treatment and a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to depict infection control rate as a function of time.
The overall treatment success rate in the current cohort of patients was 67.3% at a median 38.6 (23.5–90.7) months follow-up. Patients with a duration of infectious symptoms greater than 10 days were more likely to fail (P=0.035, odds ratio 8.492, 95% confidence interval 1.159–62.212). There was no difference among acute, hematogenous and chronic infections in terms of failure rate even when time was considered (p=0.161).
With careful patient selection, DAIR is a reasonable treatment option for PJI and its use in the setting of chronic infection does not appear to be a contraindication. Performing the DAIR procedure within 10 days of the presentation of symptoms had higher rates of treatment success.