Bone and Joint Infections (BJIs) present with non-specific symptoms and can be caused by a wide variety of bacteria and fungi, including many anaerobes and microorganisms that can be challenging to culture or identify by traditional microbiological methods. Clinicians currently rely primarily on culture to identify the pathogen(s) responsible for infection. The BioFire® FilmArray® Bone and Joint Infection (BJI) Panel (BioFire Diagnostics, Salt Lake City, UT) was designed to detect 15 gram-positive (seven anaerobes), 14 gram-negative bacteria (one anaerobe), two yeast, and eight antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes from synovial fluid specimens in an hour. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of an Investigational Use Only (IUO) version of the BioFire BJI Panel (BBJIP) compared to conventional used as reference methods.
In a monocentric study, leftover synovial fluid specimens were collected in a single institution including 4 hospitals and tested using conventional bacterial culture (Standard of Care (SoC)) according to routine procedures following French national recommendations. Specimen has been placed in a refrigerator (4°C) as soon as possible after collection and stored for less than or equal to 7 days before enrollment. Performance of the IUO version of the BBJIP was determined by comparison to SoC for species identification.
To date, 201 specimens have been collected and tested using BBJIP. A total of 39 pathogens were obtained in culture. Compared to SoC culture, the overall PPA was 89.7% (35 TP, 4 FN (SA, 1; Strepto Spp, 2; P. micra, 1) and the overall NPA was 99.7% with 16 FP for a total of 5374 bacterial targets screened. Two complementary molecular tests using home-made PCR are underway to definitively conclude about the FN et FP for BBJIP observed in the preset study.
The BioFire BJI Panel appears as a promising, sensitive, specific, and robust test for rapid detection of 31 microorganisms (including anaerobes) and eight AMR genes in synovial fluid specimens. The number of pathogens and resistance markers included in the BioFire BJI Panel, together with a reduced time-to-result and increased diagnostic yield compared to culture, is expected to aid in the management of BJIs.