Tedizolid is an oxazolidinone antibiotic that: (i) is recommended at the dose of 200 once daily in patients with skin and soft tissue infection; (ii) seems to have a better long-term hematological and neurological safety profile in comparison with linezolid; (iii) remains active on multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-positive pathogens. Consequently, it might represent an option as suppressive antimicrobial treatment (SAT) in patients with complex implant-associated bone and joint infection (BJI) due to MDR Gram-positive pathogens.
We performed a cohort study (2017–2020) to evaluate the long-term safety of tedizolid (200mg qd) as SAT in patients with implant-associated BJI. In all cases, the use of tedizolid was validated as the last oral treatment option during multidisciplinar meetings in a reference center for the management of BJI. Serious adverse events, any reason for discontinuation, and standard biological data, were prospectively collected.
Seventeen patients (13 males; median age 73 years) received tedizolid as SAT for late complex prosthetic-joint infections (n=16) or osteosynthesis (n=1). Pathogens were MDR coagulase negative staphylococci (16 patients), Corynebacterium striatrum (2 patients), Enterococcus faecium (1 patient) and/or S. aureus (1 patient). Tedizolid was always started after a primary treatment (median duration of intravenous 47 days; followed by linezolid in 12 patients including 9 who experienced linezolid-induced serious adverse event) that followed a surgery, mainly debridement and implant retention (13 patients). Median duration of tedizolid was 6 months (min, 1 month; max, 31 months). The only reason for discontinuation was a failure of the conservative strategy that occurred in four patients (17%) during the follow-up. No patients developed a serious adverse event, or a discontinuation of tedizolid due to an adverse event. Anemia was observed in two patients, who had already other known cause of anemia (chronic leukemia and oesophageal varices); stable thrombopenia was observed in a cirrhotic patient (80 G/L, stable during the treatment course of 12 months); and a transient mild neutropenia (1.4 G/L) was observed in another patient (Figure). No neurological adverse event was observed.
Tedizolid seems to be a safe option as SAT in patients with complex implantassociated BJI due MDR Gram-positive pathogens.
For any tables or figures, please contact the authors directly.