header advert
Orthopaedic Proceedings Logo

Receive monthly Table of Contents alerts from Orthopaedic Proceedings

Comprehensive article alerts can be set up and managed through your account settings

View my account settings

Visit Orthopaedic Proceedings at:



Full Access



The European Orthopaedic Research Society (EORS) 2018 Meeting, PART 2, Galway, Ireland, September 2018.


Sclerostin (SOST) is an endogenous inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway to impair osteogenic differentiation and bone anabolism. SOST immunotherapy like monoclonal antibody has been observed to control bone remodeling and regeneration. This study is aimed to develop a SOST vaccine and test its protective effects on estrogen deficiency-induced bone loss in mice. Gene sequences coded SOST peptide putative targeting Wnt co-receptor LRP5 were cloned and constructed into vectors expressing Fc fragment to produced SOST-Fc fusion protein. Mice were subcutaneously injected SOST-Fc to boost anti-SOST antibody. Bone mineral density, microstructure, and mechanical property were quantified using μCT scanning and material testing system. Serum bone formation and resorption markers and anti-SOST levels were measured using ELISA. SOST-Fc injections significantly increased serum anti-SOST antibody levels but reduced serum SOST concentrations. SOST-Fc vaccination significantly reduced estrogen deficiency-induced serum bone resorption markers CTX-1 increased serum bone formation marker osteocalcin. Of note, it significantly alleviated the severity of estrogen-induced loss of bone mineral density, trabecular morphometric properties, and biomechanical forces of bone tissue. Mechanistically, SOSF-Fc vaccination attenuated trabecular loss histopathology and restored immunostaining of Wnt pathway like Wnt3a, β-catenin, and TCF4 in bone tissue along with increased serum osteoclast inhibitor OPG levels but decreased serum osteoclast enhancer RANKL concentrations. Taken together, SOST-Fc vaccination boosts anti-SOST antibody to neutralize SOST and mitigates the estrogen deficiency-induced bone mass and microstructure deterioration through preserving Wnt signalling. This study highlights an innovative remedial potential of SOST vaccine for preventing osteoporosis.