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Cement penetration and primary stability of the femoral component after impaction allografting


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This study explored the relationship between the initial stability of the femoral component and penetration of cement into the graft bed following impaction allografting.

Impaction allografting was carried out in human cadaveric femurs. In one group the cement was pressurised conventionally but in the other it was not pressurised. Migration and micromotion of the implant were measured under simulated walking loads. The specimens were then cross-sectioned and penetration of the cement measured.

Around the distal half of the implant we found approximately 70% and 40% of contact of the cement with the endosteum in the pressure and no-pressure groups, respectively. The distal migration/micromotion, and valgus/varus migration were significantly higher in the no-pressure group than in that subjected to pressure. These motion components correlated negatively with the mean area of cement and its contact with the endosteum.

The presence of cement at the endosteum appears to play an important role in the initial stability of the implant following impaction allografting.

Correspondence should be sent to Professor T. Oxland; e-mail: toxland@interchange.ubc.ca

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