header advert
Orthopaedic Proceedings Logo

Receive monthly Table of Contents alerts from Orthopaedic Proceedings

Comprehensive article alerts can be set up and managed through your account settings

View my account settings

Visit Orthopaedic Proceedings at:



Full Access


7th Congress of the European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Lisbon - 4-7 June, 2005


Arthroscopic procedures may be associated with considerable pain in the first 24 hours. Intra-articular bupi-vacaine provides good analgesia but is short lasting. Intra-articular morphine has been shown to prolong postoperative analgesia in knee and ankle arthroscopy. The aim of this study is to assess the safety and analgesic effect of intra-articular morphine following day case wrist arthroscopy.

Ethical approval was firstly obtained. 31 patients were randomly assigned to one of 2 groups in a double blind clinical study. Group 1 received 5ml of 0.5% bupi-vacaine intra-articularly with 5mg of morphine subcutaneously. Group 2 received 5ml of 0.5% bupivacaine and 5mg of morphine intra-articularly. There were 15 patients (mean age 41.2 years) in group 1, and 16 patients (mean age 38.9 years) in group 2. Postoperatively pain was assessed using a 100mm visual analogue pain scale (VAPS) at 1, 2, 6 and 24 hours. Analgesia requirements were recorded at these times post operatively. The presence of nausea, vomiting, other complications and patient satisfaction were recorded.

Visual analogue pain scores did not show any significant difference between the groups at 1, 2, 6 and 24 hours. Supplementary analgesic consumption over the 24 hour period was slightly greater in group 1 than in group 2. None of the patients who had intra-articular Morphine had vomiting nor any other complications and did not require anti-emetics. Most patients in either group were satisfied with the level of postoperative analgesia.

Intra-articular bupivacaine with or with out morphine provides adequate postoperative pain relief following wrist arthroscopy. There seems to be little difference between the two methods studied.

Theses abstracts were prepared by Professor Roger Lemaire. Correspondence should be addressed to EFORT Central Office, Freihofstrasse 22, CH-8700 Küsnacht, Switzerland.