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Hydroxyapatite coated with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) stimulates human osteoblasts in vitro

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We have studied in vitro the effect of a hydroxyapatite (HA) tricalcium phosphate material coated with hepatocyte growth factor (HA-HGF) on cell growth, collagen synthesis and secretion of metalloproteinases (MMPs) by human osteoblasts.

Cell proliferation was stimulated when osteoblasts were incubated with untreated HA and was further increased after exposure to HA-HGF. The uptake of [3H]-proline was increased after treatment with HA. When osteoblasts were exposed to HA-HGF, collagen synthesis was increased with respect to HA. The secretion of MMPs in control cells was undetectable, but in HA and HA-HGF cells MMP 2 and MMP 9 were clearly synthesised.

Our results suggest that HA can promote osteoblast activity and that HGF can further increase its bioactivity.

Correspondence should be sent to Dr G. Zambonin at the Istituto di Anatomia Umana Normale, Policlinico, Piazza G. Cesare, 70124 Bari, Italy.

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