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General Orthopaedics


The International Society for Technology in Arthroplasty (ISTA), 28th Annual Congress, 2015. PART 4.



A total knee replacement is a proven cost-effective treatment for end-stage osteoarthritis, with a positive effect on pain and function. However, only 80% of the patients are satisfied after surgery. It is known that high preoperative expectations and residual postoperative pain are important determinants of satisfaction, but also malalignment, poor function and disturbed kinematics can be a cause. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between the preoperative function and the postoperative patient reported outcomes PROMs) as well as the influence of the postoperative functional rehabilitation on the PROMs.


57 patients (mean 62,9j ± 10,6j), who suffer from knee osteoarthritis and who were scheduled for a total knee replacement at our centre, participated in this study. The range of motion of the knee, the muscle strength of the M. Quadriceps and the M. Hamstrings and the functional parameters (‘stair climbing test’ (SCT), ‘Sit to stand’ (STS) and ‘6 minutes walking test’ (6MWT)) were measured the night before surgery, ±6 months and ±1 year after surgery. This happened respectively with the use of a goniometer, HHD 2, stopwatch and the ‘DynaPort Hybrid’. Correlations between pre- and postoperative values were investigated. Secondly, a prediction was made about the influence of the preoperative parameters on on the subjective questionnaires (KOOS, OXFORD and KSS) as well as a linear and logistic regression.


6 Months after surgery, an improvement of all parameters for ROM, muscle strength and functional status was found. With a significant difference for the active and passive ROM toward knee flexion (p=0.007;p=0.008), asymmetry in active and passive ROM toward flexion between the healthy leg and the leg with the TKA (p=0.001;p=0.001), Quadriceps- and Hamstrings strength (p=0.001;p<0.001), time of the STS test (p=0.012), time sit-stand (p=0.002), time stand-sit (p=0.001;p<0.001), all parameters for the 6MWT and the time of the SCT (p=0.001). Regarding the prediction model, the 6month PROMs can be predicted by some parameters for the 6MWT (distance (p=0.001), gait steps (p=0.002) and step time TKA (p=0.007)). These parameters are predictors for the score on the subscales ‘symptoms’ and ‘pain’ of the KOOS questionnaire. 1 Year after surgery, there is an improvement of all parameters, except for the active and passive ROM toward knee extension. However, these differences are not significant. The 1 year PROMs can only be predicted by the muscle strength (Quadriceps- and Hamstrings strength (p=0.026; p=0.039) and the asymmetry in Quadriceps strength between the healthy leg and the leg with the TKA (p=0.031)). The score on the subscale ‘pain’ can be predicted based on the parameters mentioned above.


Patient satisfaction after TKA is a multivariate model. Regarding the functional outcome, we could find that there is a correlation between the muscle force, walking distance and the PROMs. More research is currently being done to create a better prediction model and investigate the correlations more thoroughly.